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The study sample comprised 172 obligate anaerobes isolated from the saliva of 43 adult volunteers. The minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) were determined by the agar dilution technique in Brucella agar medium supplemented with vitamin K, haemin and 5% (volume/volume) laked sheep blood, and incubated under anaerobic conditions. The Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute methodology was followed and its criteria were used for the qualitative interpretation of the results. The antibiotics evaluated were: amoxicillin (AMX), amoxicillin-clavulanic acid (AMX-CLA), clindamycin (CM), metronidazole (MTZ), azithromycin (AZM), TLM and MXF.
Fifteen isolates of A. otitidis were identified in the middle ear fluid of the patients. All the isolates were susceptible to ampicillin, amoxicillin/clavulanate and fluoroquinolones. All of the 15 isolates were typed by PFGE method and were found to include 13 different PFGE types.
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No significant relation was found between topical or systemic antibiotic use and pain intensity after tonsillectomy.
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A 4-year-old castrated male Chihuahua was evaluated because of unilateral vision loss following extraoral administration of a caudal maxillary nerve block during a dental procedure.
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Quality control guidelines for standardized antimicrobial susceptibility test methods are critical to the continuing accuracy of the tests. In this report, quality control limits were proposed for 22 organism-antimicrobial combinations with minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) ranges of three or four log2 dilution steps. Disk diffusion zone diameter ranges were proposed for azithromycin compared with Neisseria gonorrhoeae ATCC 49226 and ticarcillin with and without clavulanic acid tested against Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 25923. The data from five or six participating laboratories produced > or = 94.7% of results within proposed MIC limits, and 94.3%-99.0% of zones were found within suggested zone guidelines. These proposed quality control ranges should be validated by in-use results from clinical laboratories.
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A single 60-mg/kg dose of azithromycin ER provides near equivalent effectiveness to a 10-day regimen of amoxicillin/clavulanate 90/6.4 mg/kg per day in the treatment of children with acute otitis media.
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The global prescription of antibiotics of systemic use was high, 18,06 DHD (IC:17,22-18,90), with a variable evolution along the study in the shape of basin of low concavity. The percentage of prescription of penicillins was 64.42 % of the total of prescriptions corresponding to the group J01.
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Adjuvant chemotherapy for breast cancer, although generally safe and of proven benefit, can have severe complications. Central venous catheter (CVC) complications are relatively common forms of treatment-related morbidity in this setting. We report a rare type of CVC-related complication, that of chemotherapy-induced mediastinitis from central venous extravasation of the drug vinblastine, in a women undergoing adjuvant chemotherapy. The patient presented with signs and symptoms consistent with mediastinitis, but the diagnosis was delayed because the initial findings were nonspecific and there was little suspicion for a CVC-related problem. A radionuclide venous flow study was misleading, but a computed tomographic study of the chest and contrast venography confirmed the diagnosis. Conservative treatment with CVC removal, systemic anticoagulation, antibiotics, and pain controlled to gradual improvement in the patient's clinical status. More aggressive strategies, such as thrombolytic therapy and surgical intervention, were considered, but these approaches have not been used in this particular setting. The complication reported here is the first described in the literature in an adult patient. Two similar cases have been reported in pediatric patients. It is likely that this clinical problem is underreported. Patients with CVCs actively undergoing chemotherapy with vesicant agents should be watched carefully for early signs of CVC disruption and subsequent extravasation, as it is likely that early intervention will be of benefit.
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No scientific evidence demonstrating advantages of levofloxacine treatment over amoxycillin-clavulanic acid was found, or over acetyl cefuroxime as empirical PC first-choice treatment for patients with outbreaks of COPD.
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In general, specialist otolaryngologists in New Zealand give similar advice to patients with ventilation tubes. However, the specific methods of ear protection advised when swimming and hair washing varies markedly.