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Amocla (Augmentin)
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Amocla

Amocla is an oral antibacterial combination consisting of amoxicillin and the beta lactamase inhibitor, clavulanate potassium (the potassium salt of clavulanic acid).

Other names for this medication:
Aclav, Alfoxil, Alphamox, Ambilan, Amimox, Amixen, Amobay, Amobiotic, Amoclan, Amoclane, Amodex, Amoklavin, Amoksiklav, Amolin, Amorion, Amotaks, Amoval, Amoxal, Amoxan, Amoxibeta, Amoxicap, Amoxiclav, Amoxidal, Amoxidin, Amoxiduo, Amoxihexal, Amoxiplus, Amoxival, Amoxoral, Amoxsan, Amoxy, Amoxydar, Ampliron, Amylin, Atoksilin, Augmaxcil, Augmentin, Augmex, Augpen, Bactoclav, Betamox, Bioclavid, Biomox, Blumox, Cavumox, Cilamox, Clabat, Clamentin, Clamicil, Clamovid, Clamoxin, Claneksi, Clavam, Clavamel, Clavamox, Clavaseptin, Clavet, Clavinex, Clavipen, Clavobay, Clavubactin, Clavucid, Clavulin, Clavulox, Clavumox, Clonamox, Curam, Dexyclav, Dimopen, Duomox, Enhancin, Exten, Fabamox, Fleming, Fulgram, Germentin, Gimaclav, Gloclav, Glomox, Grinsil, Hiconcil, Himox, Homer, Hymox, Imadrax, Julmentin, Julphamox, Kesium, Klamoks, Klavox, Klavunat, Largopen, Macropen, Maxamox, Medoclav, Megamox, Megapen, Moxacil, Moxatag, Moxiclav, Moxilen, Moxilin, Moxypen, Myclav, Mymox, Natravox, Neomox, Nisamox, Noprilam, Noroclav, Novaclav, Novamox, Novax, Novocilin, Optamox, Oramox, Origin, Panklav, Pediamox, Pinaclav, Pinamox, Ranclav, Ranmoxy, Ranoxyl, Rapiclav, Ronemox, Sulbacin, Suprapen, Synulox, Topcillin, Trifamox, Ultramox, Unimox, Vetrimoxin, Vulamox, Xiclav, Zoxil

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Also known as:  Augmentin.

Description

Amocla is a brand name for an antibiotic, called co-amoxiclav, that is used to treat a wide range of conditions, from bronchitis to Lyme disease. It is one of the most commonly prescribed antibiotics for children, frequently dispensed for ear infections.

The drug is a combination of two active ingredients: amoxicillin and clavulanic acid. Together, the drugs fight bacteria that would ordinarily be resistant to amoxicillin alone.

Dosage

Amocla may be taken without regard to meals; however, absorption of clavulanate potassium is enhanced when Amocla is administered at the start of a meal. To minimize the potential for gastrointestinal intolerance, Amocla should be taken at the start of a meal.

The usual adult dose is one 500-mg tablet of Amocla every 12 hours or one 250-mg tablet of Amocla every 8 hours. For more severe infections and infections of the respiratory tract, the dose should be one 875-mg tablet of Amocla every 12 hours or one 500-mg tablet of Amocla every 8 hours. Adults who have difficulty swallowing may be given the 125 mg/5 mL or 250 mg/5 mL suspension in place of the 500-mg tablet. The 200 mg/5 mL suspension or the 400 mg/5 mL suspension may be used in place of the 875-mg tablet.

Two 250-mg tablets of Amocla should not be substituted for one 500-mg tablet of Amocla. Since both the 250-mg and 500-mg tablets of Amocla contain the same amount of clavulanic acid (125 mg, as the potassium salt), two 250-mg tablets are not equivalent to one 500-mg tablet of Amocla.

The 250-mg tablet of Amocla and the 250-mg chewable tablet should not be substituted for each other, as they are not interchangeable. The 250-mg tablet of Amocla and the 250-mg chewable tablet do not contain the same amount of clavulanic acid (as the potassium salt). The 250-mg tablet of Amocla contains 125 mg of clavulanic acid, whereas the 250-mg chewable tablet contains 62.5 mg of clavulanic acid.

Overdose

If you take too much this medication, call your healthcare provider or local Poison Control Center, or seek emergency medical attention right away.

If this medication is administered by a healthcare provider in a medical setting, it is unlikely that an overdose will occur. However, if overdose is suspected, seek emergency medical attention.

Storage

Store between 20 and 25 degrees C (68 and 77 degrees F) away from moisture and heat. Keep bottle closed tightly. Throw away any unused medicine after the expiration date. Keep out of the reach of children.

Side effects

The most common side effects associated with Amocla are:

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Side effect occurrence does not only depend on medication you are taking, but also on your overall health and other factors.

Contraindications

A high percentage of patients with mononucleosis who receive amoxicillin develop an erythematous skin rash. Thus, Amocla should not be administered to patients with mononucleosis.

The possibility of superinfections with fungal or bacterial pathogens should be considered during therapy. If superinfection occurs, amoxicillin/clavulanate potassium should be discontinued and appropriate therapy instituted.

Amocla Chewable tablets and Amocla Powder for Oral Solution contain aspartame which contains phenylalanine. Each 200 mg chewable tablet of Amocla contains 2.1 mg phenylalanine; each 400 mg chewable tablet contains 4.2 mg phenylalanine; each 5 mL of either the 200 mg/5 mL or 400 mg/5 mL oral suspension contains 7 mg phenylalanine. The other formulations of Amocla do not contain phenylalanine.

amocla medicine

A 61-year-old woman fell ill with recurrent nausea, loss of appetite and tiredness. Five days later she noted increasing jaundice of skin and sclerae, pale stools and dark urine, and she developed itching over the whole body. Among biochemical tests alkaline phosphatase (537 U/l) and bilirubin (32.0 mg/dl) were markedly increased, while both GOT (102 U/l) and GPT (39 U/l) were only slightly elevated. Ultrasonography was normal and extrahepatic cholestasis appeared unlikely on endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography. Cholestasis due to virus hepatitis was also excluded. It was only on repeated and direct questioning that the patient reported having taken three tablets daily of Augmentin (amoxicillin and clavulanic acid) for 12 days 5 weeks before the onset of symptoms.

amocla 625 mg

In an attempt to investigate the possibility of re-establishing the use of penicillins in the treatment of gonorrhoea in Singapore, a series of studies were conducted between 1981 and 1984, to evaluate the efficacy of a variety of penicillin-clavulanic acid combinations. A total of 6 different regimens were evaluated, and we concluded that 3 regimens consisting of 2 doses of Augmentin 3.25 g P.O., 4 hours apart (regimen C), aqueous procaine penicillin G (APPG) 4.5 mega units I.M. + Augmentin 375 mg + probenecid 1g P.O. (regimen E), and APPG 4.5 mega units I.M. + Augmentin 750 mg + probenecid 1g P.O. (regimen F) were very efficacious against infection due to PPNG and non PPNG. The cure rates obtained were 96.6% (regimens C and E), and 95% (regimen F) for infection due to PPNG and 95.6% (regimen C), and 100% (regimens E and F) for those due to non PPNG. Regimen E consisting of aqueous procaine penicillin G 4.5 meg units I.M. + Augmentin 375 mg + probenecid 1g P.O. was felt to be economical as well as effective against PPNG and non PPNG, and had the potential advantage of being effective against incubating syphillis. Regimen consisting 2 oral doses of Augmentin 3.25 g, 4 hours apart was an effective therapy for patients who preferred oral medication alone. However, this therapy was most costly. No serious side effects of treatment were observed with any of the regimens used.

amocla antibiotics

17,244 pathogens isolated from clinical specimens of 24 hospitals in the Moers area (North-Rhine Westphalia, FRG) were tested in regard to their susceptibility to Augmentin (amoxicillin and clavulanic acid). For this purpose, minimal inhibitory concentrations were determined by use of microbroth dilution technique. 80% of Gram-negative, 98% of Gram-positive and 97% of anaerobic isolates were susceptible to Augmentin (breakpoint 4 mg/l amoxicillin in the presence of 2.5 mg/l clavulanic acid). In a second part of the study the susceptibility to Augmentin of 4.137 Gram-negative and 10.958 Gram-positive pathogens was compared to their sensitivity against benzylpenicillin, flucloxacillin, mezlocillin, erythromycin, clindamycin, fusidic acid, ampicillin, cefaclor and doxycyclin.

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Out of the 320 questionnaires distributed, a total of 281 students completed and returned the questionnaires. Among these, 115 (41%) respondents admitted to have used at least one antibiotic in the six months prior to the survey, 44% of whom did not seek medical advice (irrational self-medication). The most common antimicrobial drugs used for self-medication were amoxicillin (37%), amoxicillin-clavulanate (33%), ciprofloxacin and penicillin (14%) and the most frequently reported reasons for self-medication were respiratory and oral infections (31%), common cold (25%), and genitourinary infections (20%). Some students mentioned the use of more than one antimicrobial drug, for more than one disease.

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Drug-induced liver injury (DILI) frequently has a delayed onset with several human leukocyte antigen (HLA) genotypes affecting susceptibility, indicating a potential role for the adaptive immune system in the disease. The aim of this study was to investigate whether drug-responsive T lymphocytes are detectable in patients who developed DILI with the combination, antimicrobial amoxicillin-clavulanate. Lymphocytes from 6 of 7 patients were found to proliferate and/or secrete interferon-gamma (IFN-γ) when cultured with amoxicillin and/or clavulanic acid. Amoxicillin (n = 105) and clavulanic acid (n = 16) responsive CD4(+) and CD8(+) T-cell clones expressing CCR, chemokine (C-C motif) receptor 4, CCR9, and chemokine (C-X-C motif) receptor 3 were generated from patients with and without HLA risk alleles; no cross-reactivity was observed between the two drug antigens. Amoxicillin clones were found to secrete a heterogeneous panel of mediators, including IFN-γ, interleukin-22 and cytolytic molecules. In contrast, cytokine secretion by the clavulanic acid clones was more restricted. CD4(+) and CD8(+) clones were major histocompatability complex class II and I restricted, respectively, with the drug antigen being presented to CD4(+) clones in the context of HLA-DR molecules. Several pieces of evidence indicate that the clones were activated by a hapten mechanism: First, professional antigen-presenting cells (APCs) were required for optimal activation; second, pulsing APCs for 4-16 hours activated the clones; and third, inhibition of processing abrogated the proliferative response and cytokine release.

amocla 625 mg antibiotic

We evaluated the incidence of Haemophilus influenzae resistance to selected antimicrobials used in Canada. From 1985 to 1987, 2503 H. influenzae isolates obtained in 14 hospitals across Canada were sent to the Centre hospitalier de l'université Laval (CHUL) for identification, serotyping, biotyping and testing for beta-lactamase production. Susceptibility tests were done with the use of 12 antibiotics. Of the strains 424 (16.9%) produced beta-lactamase; the proportion varied from 12.8%, in Newfoundland, to 19.6%, in Ontario. Of the strains 18.3% were type b; 19.4% of those produced beta-lactamase. Almost 82% of the strains were not type b. The proportion of beta-lactamase-producing strains varied according to the isolation site, from 15.3% in the respiratory tract to 25.6% in the blood. The overall level of resistance was 19.3% to ampicillin, 24.2% to erythromycin, 3.8% to trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, 1.7% to amoxicillin-potassium clavulanate, 1.4% to cefaclor, 1.3% to tetracycline, 1.0% to rifampin, 0.7% to cefuroxime and 0.1% to cefamandole. Disc diffusion susceptibility testing revealed 64 strains (2.6%) that did not produce beta-lactamase but were resistant to ampicillin and 9 (0.4%) that produced beta-lactamase but were susceptible to ampicillin. The results of beta-lactamase production tests were identical regardless of whether the tests were done by the CHUL or by the other hospitals, but there was a marked difference in the susceptibility test results between the CHUL and the other centres. Our results suggest that the level of resistance of H. influenzae to antibiotics is increasing in Canada and that the initial choice of drug therapy may have to be modified.

amocla 625mg antibiotic

Agranulocytosis is a rare complication of ticlopidine and can be life-threatening. We report a case of ticlopidine-induced agranulocytosis and neutropenia (neutrophil count of 0.1 x 10(9)/L) with necrotizing gingivitis in a 54-year-old Malaysian-Chinese female. She was started on ticlopidine 250 mg twice daily 3 weeks prior to this hospital admission. We started her on intravenous metronidazole and amoxicillin and clavulanic acid (Augmentin) and concurrently stopped ticlopidine. A series of clinical and laboratory investigations were carried out and a final diagnosis of necrotizing gingivitis possibly secondary to agranulocytosis was made. The patient was discharged home after 2 weeks of hospitalisation.

amocla breastfeeding

Bacteria were initially shown in 67 (89%) children. New bacteria appeared in MEF more often in placebo than in amoxicillin clavulanate recipients [9 of 38 (24%) versus 2 of 37 (5%); P = 0.032]. During the follow-up, new occurrences of Moraxella catarrhalis were detected in MEF more frequently than those of Streptococcus pneumoniae or Haemophilus influenzae. Of the 28 patients with bilateral otorrhea, 11 (39%) had disparate bacteria at study entry and/or during the follow-up.

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The primary outcome measure was incidence of gastric cancer during follow-up, compared between H pylori eradication and placebo groups. The secondary outcome measure was incidence of gastric cancer in patients with or without precancerous lesions, compared between the 2 groups.

amocla tablet

This randomized, placebo-controlled, parallel group study was conducted in a group of 177 subjects, from which 3 groups were formed. The first group (n = 62) received 0.2% chlorhexidine gluconate, the second group (n = 56) received a 0.2% chlorhexidine gluconate and amoxicillin plus clavulanic acid combination, and the third group (n = 59) received 0.09% sterile saline solution. All patients were recalled for the diagnosis of alveolar osteitis on the third and seventh postoperative days.

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The aim of this study was to evaluate the difference between a 5-day and a 1-day postoperative course of antibiotic on the incidence of infection after mandibular fractures involving the alveolus. Sixty-two patients with fractures of the mandible involving the dentoalveolar region were randomly assigned to 2 groups, both of which were given amoxicillin/clavulanic acid 1.2 g intravenously every 8 h from admission until 24 h postoperatively. The 5-day group were then given amoxicillin/clavulanic acid 625 mg orally every 8 h for another 4 days. The 1-day group was given an oral placebo at the same intervals. Follow-up appointments were 1, 2, 4, 6, 12 weeks and 6 months postoperatively. Development of an infection was the primary end point. Fifty-nine of the 62 patients completed this study. Six of the 30 patients in the 5-day group (20%) and 6 out of the 29 in the 1-day group (21%) developed local wound infections. Three of the 6 in the 1-day group developed purulent discharge and swelling. One patient in the 5-day group developed a rash on the trunk. There were no significant differences in the incidence of infection or side effects between the groups. In fractures of the mandible involving the alveolus, a 1-day postoperative course of antibiotic is as effective in preventing infective complications as a 5-day regimen.

amocla medicine

Oral treatment of groups of four mice with different daily dosages of three related antibiotics, amoxycillin, augmentin and bacampicillin, has indicated the influence of the amount of the dose that reaches the intestine in a biologically active form. Augmentin (amoxycillin plus clavulanic acid to protect it against enzymatic hydrolysis) appeared to have a suppressive effect on the indigenous colonization-resistance-associated microflora. Dose-effect curves of amoxycillin alone, showed the same shape but at a lower level. Bacampicillin treatment practically did not have an effect on the faecal flora. Only at doses of bacampicillin of well above 1.5 mg per day, an indication was seen of CR-flora disturbance. At a dose level of 2 mg and more per day, a low concentration of beta-aspartylglycine was found in the faeces. A normal undisturbed intestinal flora normally produces in mice sufficient enzyme to degrade completely this dipeptide released by the host organism into the intestinal tract.

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amocla breastfeeding 2015-05-01

To investigate the antimicrobial susceptibility of Streptococcus pneumoniae carried in the nose among children in Beijing and the distribution of serotypes, and to analyze the risk factors for Koptin 200 Mg Dosis nasal carriage of penicillin non-susceptible S. pneumoniae.

amocla 625mg dosage 2016-05-15

This multicenter, prospective Azomax Antibiotic , randomized, investigator-blinded, parallel-group trial compared oral cefditoren 200 and 400 mg BID with oral amoxicillin/clavulanate 875/125 mg BID for 14 days in adult outpatients with CAP.

amocla 625mg antibiotic 2015-08-09

The faster rate at which this pathogen is developing resistance to nitrofurantoin and fluoroquinolones is reducing Curam 475 Mg their usefulness in the empiric treatment of uncomplicated UTIs. Thus, the need to adopt new strategies in the control of antibiotic resistance in this country cannot be overemphasized.

amocla 625 mg antibiotic 2015-05-26

Hospital, surgical Cefspan Cefixime Dry Syrup departments in the Czech Republic.

amocla tablet 2016-02-05

University children's hospital allergy and Keflex Mouth Infection immunology center and radiologic department.

amocla medicine 2015-03-27

Ninety percent of cases of acute calculous cholecystitis are of mild (grade I) or moderate (grade II) severity. Although Koptin Susp 200 Mg the preoperative and intraoperative antibiotic management of acute calculous cholecystitis has been standardized, few data exist on the utility of postoperative antibiotic treatment.

amocla 625 mg 2016-02-21

A total of 40 (33.3%) S. aureus isolates were obtained from 120 nares specimens screened. Twenty three (57.5%) and 17 (42.5%) of the isolates were from university students and villagers respectively. The isolates showed an overall 75% resistance to ampicillin, 52.5% to doxycycline, 47.5% to chloramphenicol, 35% to erythromycin and 32.5% to cotrimoxazole; with 27.5% methicillin resistant. No isolate was resistant to gentamicin while few isolates were resistant to cefuroxime (2.5%), augmentin (5.0%), ciprofloxacin (10.0%), ofloxacin (10.0%) and vancomycin (7.5%). Twenty one (52.5%) of all the isolates were multi-drug resistant, ten (47.6%) of which were methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and only 3 (7.5%) were Cefakind Medicine fully susceptible to all the tested antimicrobial drugs.

amocla tab 2016-01-28

True regeneration of the dental pulp-dentin complex in immature teeth with necrotic pulps Clariwin 250 Tablet has not been shown histologically. It is not known to what extent this true tissue regeneration is necessary to achieve clinically acceptable outcomes.

amocla duo syrup 2017-05-19

Routine prescription of antibiotics for women with preterm rupture of the membranes is associated with prolongation of pregnancy and improvements in a number of short-term neonatal morbidities, but no significant reduction in perinatal mortality. Despite lack of evidence of longer-term benefit in childhood, the advantages on short-term morbidities are such that we would recommend antibiotics are routinely prescribed. The antibiotic Sanprima Syrup of choice is not clear but co-amoxiclav should be avoided in women due to increased risk of neonatal necrotising enterocolitis.

amocla neo syrup 2016-01-27

Pneumococcal diseases remain a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Updated data on Azix Azithromycin 500 Mg drug-resistance from different populations may be important to recognize changes in disease patterns. This study assessed current levels of penicillin resistance among Streptococcus Pneumoniae causing pneumonia in Spanish middle age and older adults.

amocla antibiotics 2016-09-17

This study explores the effects of cefditoren (CDN) versus amoxicillin-clavulanic acid (AMC) on the evolution (within a single strain) of total and recombined populations derived from intrastrain ftsI gene diffusion in β-lactamase-positive (BL⁺) and Bactrim Ds Dosage Std β-lactamase-negative (BL⁻) Haemophilus influenzae. DNA from β-lactamase-negative, ampicillin-resistant (BLNAR) isolates (DNA(BLNAR)) and from β-lactamase-positive, amoxicillin-clavulanate-resistant (BLPACR) (DNA(BLPACR)) isolates was extracted and added to a 10⁷-CFU/ml suspension of one BL⁺ strain (CDN MIC, 0.007 μg/ml; AMC MIC, 1 μg/ml) or one BL⁻ strain (CDN MIC, 0.015 μg/ml; AMC MIC, 0.5 μg/ml) in Haemophilus Test Medium (HTM). The mixture was incubated for 3 h and was then inoculated into a two-compartment computerized device simulating free concentrations of CDN (400 mg twice a day [b.i.d.]) or AMC (875 and 125 mg three times a day [t.i.d.]) in serum over 24 h. Controls were antibiotic-free simulations. Colony counts were performed; the total population and the recombined population were differentiated; and postsimulation MICs were determined. At time zero, the recombined population was 0.00095% of the total population. In controls, the BL⁻ and BL⁺ total populations and the BL⁻ recombined population increased (from ≈3 log₁₀ to 4.5 to 5 log₁₀), while the BL⁺ recombined population was maintained in simulations with DNA(BLPACR) and was decreased by ≈2 log₁₀ with DNA(BLNAR). CDN was bactericidal (percentage of the dosing interval for which experimental antibiotic concentrations exceeded the MIC [ft>MIC], >88%), and no recombined populations were detected from 4 h on. AMC was bactericidal against BL⁻ strains (ft>MIC, 74.0%) in DNA(BLNAR) and DNA(BLPACR) simulations, with a small final recombined population (MIC, 4 μg/ml; ft>MIC, 30.7%) in DNA(BLPACR) simulations. When AMC was used against the BL⁺ strain (in DNA(BLNAR) or DNA(BLPACR) simulations), the bacterial load was reduced ≈2 log₁₀ (ft>MIC, 44.3%), but 6.3% and 32% of the total population corresponded to a recombined population (MIC, 16 μg/ml; ft>MIC, 0%) in DNA(BLNAR) and DNA(BLPACR) simulations, respectively. AMC, but not CDN, unmasked BL⁺ recombined populations obtained by transformation. ft>MIC values higher than those classically considered for bacteriological response are needed to counter intrastrain ftsI gene diffusion by covering recombined populations.

amocla breastfeeding 2016-12-07

In 2010, our hospital, in line with National guidance, changed advice on antibiotic prescribing for UTI to reduce use of cephalosporins in favour of penicillins. We hypothesized that this change in policy would have no impact on the pattern of antibiotic resistance of the organisms causing UTI.