Two regimens of antibiotic prophylaxis are in use at our institution. These protocols consist in perioperative administration of a single dose of amoxicillin-clavulanic acid of 2.2 g at induction and 8 h later and irrigation of the surgical wound with rifamycin before closure. In cases of dirty surgery, placement of external shunts or foreign bodies, we administer vancomycin 1.5 g/die and ceftazidime 6 g/die for 72 h. A retrospective study of all the clean operations we performed in the last 2 years yielded a total of 793 consecutive procedures with three postoperative wound infections. These results are in agreement with the majority of series reported in literature, although different prophylactic protocols are applied and in some cases no prophylactic antibiotics are administered at all. The use of these agents in clean neurosurgery remains, as a matter of fact, controversial. In order to further investigate this issue we took three or more intraoperative samples for culture in 40 clean cases. Only in 2% of these samples were cultures positive. Although lacking statistical significance, these results are interesting indications of the appropriateness of antimicrobial prophylaxis in clean neurosurgery and invite further investigation in that direction.
augmaxcil 375 mg
The need for antimicrobials in the treatment of subacute sinusitis was evaluated in 96 afebrile children who were prescribed antimicrobial (amoxicillin, amoxicillin clavulanate potassium, or trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole) or no antimicrobial medication in addition to a decongestant and saline nasal spray for 3 weeks.
augmaxcil and alcohol
To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of antibiotic administration prior to ET during ART cycles.
augmaxcil s antibiotic suspension
A 68-year-old man presented at our department with a suspected bacterial arthritis of the left knee. All diagnostic measures confirmed this diagnosis and the detected germ was Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae. After arthroscopic debridement of the left knee, intravenous and oral antibiotic treatment for a total of 6 weeks, the patient was treated by total knee arthroplasty 6 months after the first presentation. The postoperative follow-up was without any pathological findings. There are only 4 other case reports in the international literature of Erysipelotrix rhusiopathiae linked to septic arthritis in humans. This case report of an infected knee further illustrates the pathogenicity of Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae in humans.
Genital tract infections in females secondary to Streptococcus pneumoniae (pneumococcus) are unusual. Tubo-ovarian abscess resulting from such an infection is a rare occurrence and diagnosis is not always easy. This report demonstrates the problems of recognizing this condition and summarizes the pathomechanism, investigations leading to a diagnosis and the subsequent management.
augmaxcil sf dosage
Otitis media is recognized as one of the most common diseases of childhood. Insertion of tympanostomy tubes for the treatment of otitis media is the most frequently performed otologic operation, and postoperative otorrhea is its most common complication. Many authors have suggested various reasons for posttympanostomy otorrhea, and many different prophylactic treatments were proposed in recent years to prevent this bothersome and frustrating complication. This retrospective study was designed to investigate and compare the efficacy of various prophylactic treatments and to define the most effective method of reducing the rate of postoperative otorrhea.
A total of 11 cases were examined. For each patient included in the study, a structured and codified data-collection protocol was complied with, taking note of patient demographics, characteristics of the treatment assumed to provoke the reaction, concomitant medication, course and outcome of the episode, and laboratory variables during the reaction. The latter were determined every 6 months from the outset to the eventual resolution of the case.
augmaxcil 625 mg
To identify commonly reported community-acquired organisms and antimicrobial resistance patterns exhibited by Gram-positive and Gram-negative pathogens among pilgrims visiting emergency care departments in Makkah.
The present study was prospective, randomized, and double blinded. Patients were separated into four groups randomly: short-term and long-term (5 days) penicillin and short-term and long-term (5 days) amoxicillin-clavulanic acid.
Clinical vigilance is warranted when treating patients with anti-TNFalpha agents as these are associated with a diverse and growing number of ophthalmic complications. Resolved infection does not preclude the use of such agents.
augmaxcil 625 dosage
To evaluate the change in nasopharyngeal carriage of S. pneumoniae during antibiotic therapy prescribed for acute otitis media.