tab azyth 500 mg
High-performance liquid chromatographic methods using reversed-phase chromatography and electrochemical detection have been developed for the quantitation of azithromycin in serum and tissues of laboratory animals and humans. Serum sample preparation involved addition of internal standard, alkalinization, and solvent extraction. Tissue sample preparation involved Polytron homogenization in acetonitrile containing internal standard, evaporation of the supernatant, alkalinization of the residue, and solvent extraction. Serum samples were chromatographed on an alkylphenyl-bonded silica column eluted with pH 6.8-7.2 mobile phase with a dual-electrode coulometric detector operated in the oxidative screen mode. Serum and tissue samples were chromatographed on a gamma RP-1 alumina column with pH 11 mobile phase with a glassy carbon amperometric detector. Recovery of azithromycin was 87% from serum and 85% from tissues. Linear standard curves were prepared in serum over two concentration ranges (0.01-0.20 and 0.20-2.0 micrograms/ml) and in tissues over several concentration ranges (0.1-2, 1-10, 10-100, and 100-1000 micrograms/g). In serum and tissues, intra- and inter-assay precision ranged from 1 to 8% and 4 to 11%, respectively. The tissue assay has been applied to liver, kidney, lung, spleen, muscle, fat, brain, tonsil, lymph nodes, eye, prostate and other urological tissues, and gynecological tissues.
azyth 500 mg
We conclude that a single dose of azithromycin is as effective as a one week course of doxycycline in treating non-gonococcal urethritis in males and in the elimination of Chlamydia trachomatis in females with cervicitis, with the added advantage of a convenient single dose that can be supervised.
Our strain PS01 (CSUR-P191) is an aerobic, rod shaped, non-motile, yellow pigmented, gram positive, oxidase negative and catalase positive bacterial isolate. Full length 16S rRNA gene sequence showed 98.8% similarity with Microbacterium yannicii G72T type strain, which was previously isolated from Arabidopsis thaliana. The genome size is 3.95Mb, with an average G+C content of 69.5%. In silico DNA-DNA hybridization analysis between our Microbacterium yannicii PS01isolate in comparison with Microbacterium testaceum StLB037 and Microbacterium laevaniformans OR221 genomes revealed very weak relationship with only 28% and 25% genome coverage, respectively. Our strain, as compared to the type strain, was resistant to erythromycin because of the presence of a new erm 43 gene encoding a 23S rRNA N-6-methyltransferase in its genome which was not detected in the reference strain. Interestingly, our patient received azithromycin 250 mg daily for bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome for more than one year before the isolation of this bacterium.
The oxidative behaviour of azithromycin was studied at s glassy carbon electrode in different buffer system using cyclic, linear sweep and differential pulse voltammetry. The oxidation process was shown to be irreversible over the entire pH range studied (5-11) and was diffusion-adsorption controlled. Analytical method with adequate precision and accuracy was developed for the determination of azithromycin in phosphate buffer at pH 7 as supporting electrolyte containing 10% methanol and 0.05 M ammonium acetate. The peak current varied linearly with azithromycin concentration in the range 1-15 microg/ml. The procedure was successfully applied for assay of the drug in the pharmaceutical dosage forms. The relative standard deviation (n = 5) of 2.18% was obtained.
ISV-502 is effective in the treatment of blepharoconjunctivitis as evaluated by clinical cure and bacterial eradication scores. ISV-502 was superior to 1.0% azithromycin in clinical cure and superior to 0.1% dexamethasone in bacterial eradication.
The clinical presentation of genital Chlamydia trachomatis infection (chlamydia) in women is often indistinguishable from a urinary tract infection. While merited in the setting of dysuria, emergency department (ED) clinicians do not routinely test for chlamydia in women. The primary aim of our study was to evaluate the frequency of chlamydia testing among women presenting to the ED with dysuria.
To study the microbiological profile of patients with community acquired pneumonia and to study drug sensitivity pattern.
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Amoebic keratitis is a potentially blinding eye infection caused by ubiquitous, free-living, environmental acanthamoebae, which are known to harbor bacterial endosymbionts. A Chlamydia-like endosymbiont has previously enhanced Acanthamoeba virulence in vitro. We investigated the potential effect of Acanthamoeba-endosymbiont coinfection in a human corneal tissue model representing clinical amoebic keratitis infection.
azyth 500mg tablet
For the eradication of the Helicobacter pylori infection, authors have tested 50 HP-positive subjects (28 females and 22 males; mean age 47 years): 21 duodenal ulcers and 29 gastritis. All patients received the following treatment: omeprazole 40 mg for 30 days, azithromycin 500 mg in a single daily dose for 3 days for 2 cycles and metronidazole 250 mgx4 for 14 days. One month after the end of therapy, patients have been controlled: the HP eradication rates have been 76% (35/46), duodenal ulcer was cured in 90% (18/20). No important side-effects were reported by patients during the treatment. In conclusion the new therapeutic scheme with azithromycin represents a semplificated alternative treatment in the eradication of Helicobacter pylori.
Acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) following allogeneic bone marrow transplantation (BMT) is initiated by donor T lymphocytes that recognize histocompatibility antigens presented by recipient dendritic cells (DCs). Current approaches to reduce GVHD are focused on suppressing donor T lymphocyte responses to alloantigens. However, these strategies may be inadequate in the setting of allogeneic transplants (particularly histoincompatible transplants), may increase the risk of tumour relapse and are associated with high rates of opportunistic infections. We hypothesized that inhibition of recipient DCs might suppress GVHD. We recently demonstrated in vitro that azithromycin, a macrolide antibiotic, also acts as a nuclear factor (NF)-κB inhibitor of murine DCs and inhibits their maturation and functions, including allogeneic responses. We investigated whether azithromycin could prevent alloreactions in a murine histoincompatibility model. Oral administration of azithromycin to recipient mice for 5 days during major-histoincompatible BMT suppressed lethal GVHD significantly, whereas ex-vivo lymphocyte function was not affected by the drug. These data suggest that azithromycin has potential as a novel prophylactic drug for lethal GVHD.
Pathogens were identified in 324/610 patients (53.1%) with valid serum samples and sputum cultures as follows: Mycoplasma pneumoniae (126, 20.7%), Streptococcus pneumoniae (63, 10.3%), Haemophilus influenzae (56, 9.2%), Chlamydia pneumoniae (40, 6.6%), Klebsiella pneumoniae (37, 6.1%), Legionella pneumophila (31, 5.1%), Staphylococcus aureus (23, 3.8%), Escherichia coli (10, 1.6%), Moraxella catarrhalis (8, 1.3%), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (6, 1.0%). Of 195 patients with a bacterial pathogen, an atypical pathogen was identified in 62 (10.2%) cases. The non-susceptibility rate of Streptococcus pneumoniae to penicillin, azithromycin, and moxifloxacin was 20.3%, 75.4% and 4.3% respectively.