Six percent (4562/72939) of patients attending the Emergency department and one-fifth (4357/19034) of those patients admitted to hospital were prescribed a parenteral antimicrobial. More than half of parenteral antibiotics used were either co-amoxiclav or piperacillin-tazobactam. Blood cultures were obtained in less than one-third of patients who were treated with a parenteral antibiotic.
To establish and recommend a therapeutic regimen for the treatment of urinary tract infection (UTI) in pregnancy based on the published studies.
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A cross-sectional study of 391 children aged one day to 12 years, on Jelliffe ward in Mulago Hospital, who had short peripheral venous intravascular catheters uncoated with no antibiotic or antiseptic, was done. Social demographic characteristics, anthropometry, clinical examination including the catheter site were determined at enrollment. The children had their blood, catheter tip and hub samples taken off for culture and sensitivity as well as complete blood counts. The data collected was entered using EPI-INFO and analysed with SPSS packages.
To estimate the short term effect of the publication of a major clinical trial on clinical practise.
In these children with acute otitis media, azithromycin given once daily for 5 days and amoxicillin/clavulanate given three times daily for 10 days had similar efficacy; however, azithromycin was significantly better tolerated.
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A 69 year-old woman, in general good health, developed an indurate mass on the supra-external quadrant of the right buttock. The tumor was centered by an ulcerated nodule with a diameter of around 10 centimeters. Imaging showed invasion of the soft tissue of the skin in the internal psoas muscle, the adipose tonality of which was compatible with a liposarcoma. The skin biopsy revealed characteristic bacterial grain in the center of a cholesterol granuloma. Subsequent culture in aerobic milieu identified Actinomyces gerencseriae. Cure was obtained following complete exeresis of the fibrous tissue and 8 months of antibiotic amoxicillin-clavulanic acid therapy.
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After 1 month of observation no signs of disease activity were found in 48.0% of patients who were prescribed amoxicillin, in 58.5% of patients treated with amoxicillin + clavulanic acid, and only in 13.0% of patients from the control group (p < 0.001 for either antibacterial treatment in comparison with the control group). After 3 months of observation no disease activity was found in 92.0% of patients who used amoxicillin, in 95.1% of those treated with amoxicillin + clavulanic acid, and in 58.7% of children from the control group (p < 0.001 for either antibacterial treatment in comparison with the control group). There was no significant difference in the efficacy of amoxicillin and amoxicillin + clavulanic acid. The duration of the antibacterial course showed no influence on the results of treatment.
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Cases of AOM (873) accounted for 7.1% of the sample. There is a clear variation in the percentage of children diagnosed with AOM and treated with antibiotics in the different locations, antibiotic prescriptions being higher in Barcelona (93% of children), and lowest in Smolensk (56.4 % of children were treated without antibiotics). The antibiotics used varied widely: ampicillin use is almost limited to Smolensk (26.7%) and Bratislava (13.8%), whereas amoxicillin plus clavulanic acid is the choice in Toulouse (33.8%), Valencia (30.2%) and Barcelona (28.9%), and cephalosporins are more frequently prescribed in Tenerife (51.7%). Finally, macrolides are used in Barcelona (18.3%), Valencia (17.5%) and Tenerife (13.6%), but not prescribed in Toulouse or Sofia. Prescriptions of anti-inflammatory drugs were only relevant in Valencia (31.7%), Tenerife (27.2%) and Toulouse (17.4%) and of otological preparations in Sofia, where almost each child received ear drops (91.9%). Nasal preparations are commonly used only in Sofia (41.9%), Bratislava (65.5%) and Smolensk (68.6%).