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Cedrox (Duricef)

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Cedrox (brand names include: Duricef / Baxan / Biodroxil / Cedrox / Cefadrol / Droxyl / Duracef / Gruncef / Lydroxil / Odoxil / Vepan) is a broad-spectrum antibiotic of the cephalosporin class. Cedrox is used for the treatment of bacterial infections.

Other names for this medication:
Cefadroxil, Duricef

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Also known as:  Duricef.


Cedrox is a prescription medication used to treat infections of the urinary tract, skin, and throat. Cedrox belongs to a group of drugs called cephalosporin antibiotics. These work to kill bacteria. This medication comes as an oral (by mouth) tablet, capsule, and liquid (suspension). It is usually taken 1 to 2 times a day, with or without food. If Cedrox causes an upset stomach, take Cedrox with food or milk. Common side effects of Cedrox include nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea.


For urinary tract infections, the recommended daily dosage for children is 30 mg/kg/day in divided doses every 12 hours. For pharyngitis, tonsillitis, and impetigo, the recommended daily dosage for children is 30 mg/kg/day in a single dose or in equally divided doses every 12 hours. For other skin and skin structure infections, the recommended daily dosage is 30 mg/kg/day in equally divided doses every 12 hours. In the treatment of beta-hemolytic streptococcal infections, a therapeutic dosage of Cedrox should be administered for at least 10 days.

In patients with renal impairment, the dosage of cefadroxil monohydrate should be adjusted according to creatinine clearance rates to prevent drug accumulation. The following schedule is suggested. In adults, the initial dose is 1000 mg of Cedrox and the maintenance dose (based on the creatinine clearance rate [mL/min/1.73 M2]) is 500 mg at the time intervals listed below.

Patients with creatinine clearance rates over 50 mL/min may be treated as if they were patients having normal renal function.


If the patient misses a dose, the dose should be taken as soon as it is remembered. Doses thereafter should then be evenly spaced with approximately 4-6 hours between doses, depending on the prescription dosing. Patients should not make up a missed dose by doubling up on their medication. Taking double doses will not speed recovery time, either. Taking doses close together or self administering a double dose is likely to cause an overdose which may lead to other health complications. An overdose may cause nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, dehydration, and abdominal cramps and requires immediate medical assessment.


Store at room temperature between 15 and 30 degrees C (59 and 86 degrees F) away from moisture and heat. Throw the medicine away after the expiration date. Keep out of the reach of children.

Side effects

The most common side effects associated with Cedrox are:

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Side effect occurrence does not only depend on medication you are taking, but also on your overall health and other factors.


Do not use Generic Cedrox if you are allergic to Generic Cedrox components.

Be very careful with Generic Cedrox while you are pregnant or have nurseling.

Try to be careful with Generic Cedrox usage in case of having kidney disorder, gastrointestinal disease.

Try to be careful with Generic Cedrox if you have allergies to medicines, foods or other substances.

Try to be careful with Generic Cedrox if you are taking any prescription or nonprescription medicine, herbal preparation or dietary supplement.

Avoid alcohol.

It can be dangerous to stop Generic Cedrox taking suddenly.

cedrox 250 mg cena

The agar dilution method was used to determine the inhibitory activity of 25 antimicrobial agents against 69 strains of Dichelobacter nodosus and 108 strains of the genus Fusobacterium, all of which were isolated from 90 clinical cases of ovine footrot between October 1998 and November 2000. In the case of the micro-organisms belonging to the genus Fusobacterium, the six beta-lactams studied (benzyl penicillin, ampicillin, cloxacillin, cefadroxil, cefuroxime and cephalexine) proved to be, in general, the most effective antimicrobial agents. Chloramphenicol, clindamycin and doxycycline were also quite active against Fusobacterium spp. With regard to the 69 strains of D. nodosus tested, the levels of resistance remain low.

cap cedrox 500 mg

MIC 90 and MBC 90 of amoxicillin, cefaclor, cefadroxil and cefuroxime axetil have been determined by the microdilution method against 48 organisms responsible of acute respiratory tract infections in children: 17 E. coli, 15 K. pneumoniae, 16 H. influenzae. An inoculum effect and an inhibitory index in blood and bronchial secretions were determined. An inoculum effect was more important for amoxicillin and cefadroxil than for cefuroxime axetil and cefaclor. Against H. influenzae, cefuroxime axetil and cefaclor have a similar activity. Against Enterobacteria, cefuroxime axetil has the lowest MIC 90 and MBC 90 and the highest inhibitory index.

cedrox 500 mg dosage

The widely quoted cross-allergy risk of 10% between penicillin and cephalosporins is a myth. Cephalothin, cephalexin, cefadroxil, and cefazolin confer an increased risk of allergic reaction among patients with penicillin allergy. Cefprozil, cefuroxime, cefpodoxime, ceftazidime, and ceftriaxone do not increase risk of an allergic reaction.

cedrox tab

Cefadroxil was administered to 16 pediatric patients at dose levels ranging from 27 to 56 mg/kg daily for 5-9 consecutive days. Of 16 patients, 9 had urinary tract infections including 5 cases with nephrotic syndromes, 4 had respiratory tract infections including 2 cases with nephrotic syndromes, 3 had skin infections including 2 cases of pyoderma and 1 case of suppurative gingivitis, including 1 case with nephrotic syndrome. Clinical results obtained were 9 'excellent', 4 'effective' and 3 'ineffective' showing an efficacy ratio of 81%. Of 9 urinary tract infections, 5 patients exhibited bacteriuria and 3 had original pathogens persisting after treatment. In respiratory tract, skin and gingival infections, cefadroxil was either 'excellent' or 'effective' in all 7 patients. The above results demonstrate a distinctive feature of cefadroxil that attains a good cutaneous distribution after oral administration. The absorption of the drug was not adversely affected by a food intake. No significant side effects were observed in all 16 patients. Judging from our clinical results, cefadroxil is considered one of the valuable cephalosporin antibiotics in the treatment of pediatric infections.

cedrox 250 mg

The purpose of this study was to define the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) clearance kinetics, choroid plexus uptake, and parenchymal penetration of PEPT2 substrates in different regions of the brain after intracerebroventricular administration. To accomplish these objectives, we performed biodistribution studies using [(14)C]glycylsarcosine (GlySar) and [(3)H]cefadroxil, along with quantitative autoradiography of [(14)C]GlySar, in wild-type and Pept2 null mice. We found that PEPT2 deletion markedly reduced the uptake of GlySar and cefadroxil in choroid plexuses at 60 mins by 94% and 82% (P<0.001), respectively, and lowered their CSF clearances by about fourfold. Autoradiography showed that GlySar concentrations in the lateral, third, and fourth ventricle choroid plexuses were higher in wild-type as compared with Pept2 null mice (P<0.01). Uptake of GlySar by the ependymal-subependymal layer and septal region was higher in wild-type than in null mice, but the half-distance of penetration into parenchyma was significantly less in wild-type mice. The latter is probably because of the clearance of GlySar from interstitial fluid by brain cells expressing PEPT2, which stops further penetration. These studies show that PEPT2 knockout can significantly modify the spatial distribution of GlySar and cefadroxil (and presumably other peptides/mimetics and peptide-like drugs) in brain.

cedrox bd 500 mg

Thirteen oral cephems (cefprozil, loracarbef, cefaclor, cefuroxime axetil, cefpodoxime proxetil, cefetamet pivoxil, cefixime, cefdinir, cefadroxil, cephradine, cephalexin, cefatrizine, and cefroxadine), the cephalosporin class representative cephalothin, cefazolin, and the macrolides erythromycin, clarithromycin, and azithromycin were compared for their antibacterial activities against 790 recent clinical isolates. These oral agents differed in their spectra and antibacterial potencies against community-acquired pathogens.

cedrox 500 mg uses

We evaluated the dose-dependent (saturable) gastrointestinal absorption of cefatrizine, an aminocephalosporin transported by peptide carriers, in rats by a physiological mechanism-based approach to clarify its absorption characteristics and to examine the in vitro (in situ)-in vivo correlation in intestinal transport. With an increase in oral dose (mumol/5 ml/kg) from 5 (low) to 50 (high), the intestinal absorption rate constant (ka), which was estimated by analysis of gastrointestinal disposition, decreased markedly, from 0.301 to 0.056 min-1. This decrease was ascribable to the saturability of intestinal membrane transport, of which the concentration dependency in the perfused intestine was similar in extent to the dose dependency in ka. However, the apparent absorption rate constant (ka'), which was estimated by analysis of plasma concentrations after oral administration, decreased only modestly from 0.037 to 0.023 min-1. This was associated with the result that, at the low dose, ka' was far smaller than ka and comparable with k(g) (gastric emptying rate constant), suggesting gastric emptying-limited absorption. At the high dose, where intestinal cefatrizine absorption was less efficient, ka' was closer to ka than k(g). It was also observed that the bioavailability was close to unity, independent of dose, suggesting that the intestinal transit time is long enough to achieve complete absorption, even at the high dose, where intestinal cefatrizine absorption is less efficient. Thus, it was found that the effect of saturability in the intestinal transport of cefatrizine is apparently attenuated in its overall gastrointestinal absorption because of the involvement of gastric emptying and intestinal transit time as additional physiological factors to define absorption. It was also found that a scaling factor is required to correlate the intestinal membrane transport between in vitro (in situ) and in vivo, though this remains to be verified to be utilized for developing oral drug delivery strategies and optimizing oral drug therapy.

cedrox dose

The pharmacokinetics of cefadroxil suspension were studied in 30 children, 13 months to 12 years of age (mean age, 5.7 years). Average peak concentrations in serum of 11 to 14 mug/ml and of 7 to 10 mug/ml after 15- and 10-mg/kg doses, respectively, were not substantially affected by the feeding status. The serum half-life values were 1.3 to 1.5 h. Cefadroxil was detected in saliva of all children 2 h after 15-mg/kg doses: the levels ranged from 0.17 to 2.6 mug/ml (mean, 0.46 mug/ml). The average concentrations in urine were 1,700 and 2,620 mug/ml at 0 to 2 and 2 to 4 h, respectively, after 15-mg/kg doses. In a randomized controlled study of 50 children with impetigo, cefadroxil was as effective as penicillin G in curing existing lesions and in preventing development of new lesions. Cefadroxil may be useful for therapy of mucocutaneous and urinary tract infections in infants and children.

cedrox penicillin

Geometric mean of Cefadroxila/Cefamox 500 mg individual percent ratio was 103.97% for AUC(last), 104.08% for AUC(0-infinity) and 95.23% for C(max). The 90% confidence intervals (CI) were 98.14-110.16%, 98.37-110.12%, and 85.59-105.96%, respectively.

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In our study, out of 449 Enterobacteriaceae strains isolated between 1985 and 1990, 16 strains (3 Proteus, 6 nontyphoidal Salmonella, 7 Escherichia coli) were resistant both to Ampicillin- Sulbactam and Amoxycillin-Clavulanic acid associations. The activity profiles of the beta-lactamases produced by these resistant strains are described. Sarcina lutea ATCC 9341 was used as test strain. The effect of the enzymatic filtrate against beta-lactam antibiotics: Ampicillin, Cloxacillin, Cefadroxil, Cefuroxime, Cefotaxime, Ceftriaxone, was followed up. The enzyme types were established according to the ability of inactivating the tested antibiotics. Penicillins and cephalosporins were inactivated by these enzymes, except for Carbenicillin and Oxacillin. These beta-lactamases were resistant to Sulbactam and Clavulanic acid. In the studied Salmonella strains they are plasmidic codified, demonstrating that they belong to a new beta-lactamase class.

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Bacterial resistance to the beta-lactam drugs is extremely widespread, as a result of extensive drug use. Loss of susceptibility is primarily attributable to hydrolysis by inactivating enzymes, namely the beta-lactamases. While the number of characterised beta-lactamases may exceed 100, only a few are a problem in the treatment of community-acquired infections (TEM-1, TEM-2, SHV-1, BRO-1). Chromosomally mediated and extended-spectrum beta-lactamases are usually dominant in nosocomial pathogens where oral antibiotic therapy is seldom used. Therefore, the threat posed by beta-lactamases must be considered in general practice. Several effective strategies have been implemented in order to overcome beta-lactamase-mediated resistance, e.g. use of non-beta-lactam drugs or beta-lactamase inhibitors. Another option has been the development of new beta-lactam compounds that possess a high intrinsic stability against the hydrolytic action of common beta-lactamases. Among these compounds, the oral third generation cephalosporins represent an important breakthrough. Cefetamet pivoxil, a new oral third generation cephalosporin, is characterised by excellent antimicrobial potency against Enterobacteriaceae, and Moraxella (Branhamella) catarrhalis and Haemophilus influenzae, irrespective of their ability to produce beta-lactamases. The Gram-positive respiratory pathogens, Streptococcus pyogenes and penicillin-susceptible S. pneumoniae, are also satisfactorily covered. The activity of cefetamet has recently been corroborated in a survey conducted in Italy involving 4191 isolates. However, cefetamet shows no activity against enterococci, staphylococci, Listeria, alpha-streptococci, Pseudomonas, Acinetobacter and anaerobes. Given this antibacterial profile, cefetamet pivoxil may provide a useful alternative to other oral antibacterial agents in the empirical therapy of acute community-acquired respiratory and urinary tract infections. From the results of the Italian survey, cefetamet emerged as the only agent among those considered (which included cefuroxime, cefaclor, cefalexin, cefadroxil, ampicillin, amoxicillin/clavulanic acid, ampicillin/sulbactam, doxycycline, erythromycin and clindamycin) that might be selected as the drug of choice in the empirical therapy of outpatient infections.

cedrox dosage

Susceptibilities of 227 strains of 34 bacterial species to cefatrizine (CFT) were determined by the 2-fold agar dilution method in parallel with the diameter of inhibition zones by the single-disc method, under the experimental condition established by Kanazawa. The experiments demonstrated significant correlation between MIC by the dilution method and diameter of inhibition zone in each of conventional assay of the over-night (about 16 hours) incubation, delayed assay (about 24 hours incubation), and rapid assay (after 3-4 or 5-6 hours incubation), thus confirming applicability of the single-disc assay for CFT. Analysis of the data obtained by using CFT disc containing 30 micrograms revealed the primary regression equation to be: D (diameter, mm) = 25.6--9.6 log MIC (micrograms/ml) in conventional assay, D = 33.2--13.2 log MIC (micrograms/ml) in delayed assay, D = 15.8--4.7 log MIC (micrograms/ml) in 3-4 hours rapid assay and D = 20.2--7.0 log MIC (micrograms/ml) in 5-6 hours rapid assay, respectively. The range of variations in MICs estimated from the diameter of inhibition zone by the disc test was then calculated in comparison with that in MIC determined by the 2-fold agar dilution assays, as reference for the experimental errors which may be involved in the estimation of MIC of CFT by the single-disc assay.

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cedrox 500 mg dosage 2015-05-14

Renal scarring resulting from acute pyelonephritis in this rat model is not decreased by delayed treatment with Clindamicina 300 Mg Pastillas Dosis Diaria antibiotics only. The addition of ibuprofen to antibiotic therapy is effective for decreasing renal scarring due to acute pyelonephritis even when treatment is delayed for 72 hours.

cedrox penicillin 2016-11-09

The in vitro inhibitory Synclar Antibiotic activities of cefaclor and and cefatrizine, two new orally absorbed cephalosporin antibiotics, against 44 isolates of anaerobic pathogenic bacteria were measured using the agar dilution procedure of the World Health Organization-International Collaborative Study. Tests also were performed with cephalexin, cephaloglycin, and cephadrine, as well as with the parenteral cephamycin antibiotic cefoxitin. Cefoxitin was the most active antibiotic and inhibited the majority of isolates at a concentration of less than or equal to 4 microgram/ml. None of the oral cephalosporins was clearly superior against all of the anaerobic isolates; only cephadrine and cefatrizine appeared to have any potential clinical value.

cedrox medicine 2015-12-28

A randomized single-blind study was performed to compare the efficacy of cefadroxil to that of metronidazole in the treatment of bacterial vaginosis. 22 women completed the study with follow-ups after 1 and 4 weeks. After completion of treatment 2/11 women receiving metronidazole still had bacterial vaginosis compared with 1/11 women receiving cefadroxil. At follow-up after 4 weeks 3/10 women treated with cefadroxil Tab Pulmocef 500mg had recurrent bacterial vaginosis while the corresponding figures for metronidazole were 2/9.

cedrox 500 mg uses 2015-12-26

To determine the effect of PepT1 on the absorption and disposition of cefadroxil, including the Ranmoxy Capsules During Pregnancy potential for saturable intestinal uptake, after escalating oral doses of drug.

cedrox tablet 2017-10-19

Two different cefadroxil (CAS 50370-12-2) formulations were evaluated for their relative bioavailability in 24 healthy volunteers who received a single 500 mg oral dose Azithromycin Liquid Dosage of each preparation. An open, randomized clinical trial designed as a two-period crossover study with a 7-day washout period between doses was employed. Plasma samples for assessments of their cefadroxil concentration by HPLC-UV were obtained over 8 h after administration. Values of 48.94 +/- 10.18 pg x h/ml for test, and 48.51 +/- 9.02 microg x h/ml for the reference preparation AUC(0-t) demonstrate a nearly identical extend of drug absorption. Maximum plasma concentration Cmax of 16.04 +/- 4.94 microg/ml and 16.01 + 4.02 microg/ml achieved for the test and reference preparations did not differ significantly. The parametric 90% confidence intervals (CI) of the mean of the difference (test-reference) between log-transformed values of the two formulations were 96.80% to 104.51% and 92.01% to 107.00% for AUC(0-t) and Cmax, respectively. Since for both AUC(0-t) or Cmax the 90% CI values are within the interval proposed by the Food and Drug Administration, the test product is bioequivalent to the reference product for both the rate and extent of absorption after single dose administration.

cedrox generic 2015-09-10

Cefadroxil concentrations in human serum, gingiva, and mandibular bone were measured by a paper disk method following a single 500-mg oral dose. The mean peak concentrations in serum, gingiva, and mandibular bone occurred at the identical time, 3 hours, and were 12.92 micrograms/mL, 6.50 micrograms/g, and 2.67 micrograms/g, respectively. Mean cefadroxil concentration ratios of gingiva/serum and mandibular bone/serum at the peak time were 0.54 and 0.21, respectively. Mean concentrations in gingiva and mandibular bone at the peak time exceeded the minimum inhibitory concentrations Amoxihexal Saft 250 Mg Beipackzettel for 90% of clinically isolated strains of a alpha-hemolytic streptococci.

cedrox dose 2017-09-25

Little is known about the antimicrobial resistance mechanisms in Klebsiella pneumoniae from swine in China. Thus, this paper aims to demonstrate the β-lactam resistance phenotypes and genotypes of K. pneumoniae isolates from swine in southwestern China, detect possible new β-lactamase variants, and determine whether or not the variants differ in their antibiotic resistance. Isolates from 58 unrelated diseased swine were collected from 61 pig farms in southwestern China from 2007 to 2009. Among the 58 isolates, 75.8-100% were resistant to β-lactam, 62.0-68.97% to fluoroquinolone, 44.8-46.55% to aminoglycoside, and 8.62-17.24% to β-lactam inhibitors. PCR amplification and DNA sequencing showed that bla(TEM-1) was detected in 100% (n=58) of the isolates, bla(SHV) in 82.76% (n=48), bla(CTX-M) in 39.66% (n=23), and bla(OKP) in 17.24% (n=10). The bla(SHV) types included bla(SHV-1), bla(SHV-11), bla(SHV-12), and bla(SHV-27). None of the isolates harbored bla(KPC), bla(LEN), or bla(GES) gene. Four novel variants (bla(OKP-A-13), bla(OKP-A-14), bla(OKP-A-15), and bla(OKP-A-16)) were identified among the 10 OKP β-lactamase-producing K. pneumoniae isolates resistant to ampicillin, amoxicillin, oxacillin, cefalexin, and cefadroxil. Plasmid analysis and PCR amplification indicated that bla(TEM-1) genes were detected in the total plasmid. Molecular typing by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis revealed the presence of 10 distinct pulsotypes of OKP producer isolates. Plasmid DNA digested with XbaI yielded Ziana Tretinoin Clindamycin Gel Generic two to six bands of ca. 0.15-30 kb. Transformants of the 10 OKP producer isolates showed no differences in their antibiotic susceptibility, except for the pulsotype B transformant, which carried bla(CTX-M). In China, β-lactam resistance appeared to be common among K. pneumoniae isolates from swine, suggesting that K. pneumoniae may be a reservoir for the dissemination of β-lactam resistance among Chinese pig farms.

cedrox 1 mg 2017-04-06

The aerobic and anaerobic flora from gingival pockets of 49 dogs with severe gingivitis and periodontitis were cultured. The susceptibility of each isolate to four antimicrobial agents currently approved for veterinary use in the USA (amoxicillin-clavulanic acid; clindamycin; cefadroxil; and enrofloxacin) was determined. Amoxicillin-clavulanic acid (Clavamox Pfizer Animal Health) had the highest in-vitro susceptibility against all isolates (96%), all aerobes (94%) and all anaerobes (100%) tested. For gram-negative aerobes, enrofloxacin (Baytril, Bayer Corp.) had the highest in-vitro susceptibility activity. For bacteria associated with treatment of gingivitis, which typically are mixed aerobic/anaerobic and gram Azithromycin Urinary Tract Infection Dosage -positive/gram-negative organisms, the antimicrobial of choice for clinical use based on these susceptibility tests is amoxicillin-clavulanic acid.

cedrox tablet uses 2015-04-04

The transport of dipeptides and beta-lactam antibiotics across the rat renal basolateral membrane was examined. The initial uptake of glycylsarcosine and cefadroxil by rat renal basolateral membrane vesicles was inhibited by the presence of all the di- and tripeptides and beta-lactam antibiotics that were tested in this study. However, the uptake of both substrates was not inhibited by glycine, an amino acid. The initial uptake of zwitterionic beta-lactam antibiotics, cefadroxil, cephradine, and cephalexin, was stimulated by preloaded glycylsarcosine (countertransport effect). On the other hand, the uptake of dianionic beta-lactam antibiotics, ceftibuten and cefixime, was not affected. A concentration-dependent initial uptake of glycylsarcosine and cefadroxil suggested the existence of a carrier-mediated mechanism, whereas the transport of ceftibuten did not show any saturated uptake. The transporter that participates in the permeation of dipeptides and beta-lactam antibiotics across basolateral membranes showed lower affinity than did PEPT1 and PEPT2. This is the first study that showed an evidence for a peptide transporter, expressed in the rat renal basolateral membrane, that recognizes zwitterionic beta-lactam antibiotics using basolateral membrane vesicles isolated from normal rat kidney.