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Cefdinir (Omnicef)
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Cefdinir

Cefdinir is used to treat bacterial infections in many different parts of the body. It belongs to the class of medicines known as cephalosporin antibiotics. It works by killing bacteria or preventing their growth. However, this medicine will not work for colds, flu, or other virus infections.

Other names for this medication:
Ceftinex, Omnicef, Sefdin

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Also known as:  Omnicef.

Description

To reduce the development of drug-resistant bacteria and maintain the effectiveness of Cefdinir and other antibacterial drugs, Cefdinir should be used only to treat or prevent infections that are proven or strongly suspected to be caused by susceptible bacteria. When culture and susceptibility information are available, they should be considered in selecting or modifying antibacterial therapy. In the absence of such data, local epidemiology and susceptibility patterns may contribute to the empiric selection of therapy.

Cefdinir (cefdinir) capsules and Cefdinir (cefdinir) for oral suspension are indicated for the treatment of patients with mild to moderate infections caused by susceptible strains of the designated microorganisms in the conditions listed below.

Dosage

Patients should be counseled that antibacterial drugs including Cefdinir should only be used to treat bacterial infections. They do not treat viral infections (e.g., the common cold). When Cefdinir is prescribed to treat a bacterial infection, patients should be told that although it is common to feel better early in the course of therapy, the medication should be taken exactly as directed. Skipping doses or not completing the full course of therapy may decrease the effectiveness of the immediate treatment and increase the likelihood that bacteria will develop resistance and will not be treatable by Cefdinir or other antibacterial drugs in the future.

Diarrhea is a common problem caused by antibiotics which usually ends when the antibiotic is discontinued. Sometimes after starting treatment with antibiotics, patients can develop watery and bloody stools (with or without stomach cramps and fever) even as late as two or more months after having taken the last dose of the antibiotic. If this occurs, patients should contact their physician as soon as possible.

Overdose

Overdose can cause nausea, vomiting, stomach pain, diarrhea, skin rash, drowsiness, and hyperactivity.

Storage

Store at room temperature between 20 and 25 degrees C (68 and 77 degrees F) away from moisture and heat. Throw away any unused medicine after the expiration date. Keep out of the reach of children.

Side effects

The most common side effects associated with Cefdinir are:

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Side effect occurrence does not only depend on medication you are taking, but also on your overall health and other factors.

Contraindications

Cefdinir suspension may cause drowsiness or dizziness. These effects may be worse if you take it with alcohol or certain medicines. Use Cefdinir suspension with caution. Do not drive or perform other possibly unsafe tasks until you know how you react to it.

Cefdinir suspension only works against bacteria; it does not treat viral infections (eg, the common cold).

Be sure to use Cefdinir suspension for the full course of treatment. If you do not, the medicine may not clear up your infection completely. The bacteria could also become less sensitive to this or other medicines. This could make the infection harder to treat in the future.

Long-term or repeated use of Cefdinir suspension may cause a second infection. Tell your doctor if signs of a second infection occur. Your medicine may need to be changed to treat this.

Mild diarrhea is common with antibiotic use. However, a more serious form of diarrhea (pseudomembranous colitis) may rarely occur. This may develop while you use the antibiotic or within several months after you stop using it. Contact your doctor right away if stomach pain or cramps, severe diarrhea, or bloody stools occur. Do not treat diarrhea without first checking with your doctor.

If you are taking Cefdinir suspension and a product that contains iron, your stools may turn a reddish color. This is normal and not a cause for concern.

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Core tonsillar cultures were obtained from 40 children with recurrent tonsillitis treated with either penicillin or cefdinir. Group A beta-hemolytic streptococci were isolated from 11 penicillin- and 3 cefdinir-treated (P < 0.001) patients. beta-Lactamase producers were recovered from 17 penicillin- and 3 cefdinir-treated (P < 0.01) patients. Inhibiting alpha-hemolytic streptococci were isolated less often from penicillin-treated patients than from cefdinir-treated patients.

cefdinir dosage infant

The K(d) value of mosaic PBP 2 for fluorescent penicillin was higher than that of non-mosaic PBP 2s. The affinity of mosaic PBP 2 for cefdinir or cefixime was lower than that of the non-mosaic PBP 2s. The affinity of the mosaic PBP 2 for ceftriaxone was not changed, compared with that of the non-mosaic PBP 2s.

cefdinir patient reviews

Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is considered to be one of the most common vaginal infections in women. Fifteen symptomatic women with BV were enrolled in this study. Ten patients with the diagnosis of BV were treated with 10 days oral administration of metronidazole (MTN), 500 mg twice a day, and five patients with cefdinir (CFDN), 300 mg three times a day. In the MTN therapy, the rate of abnormal vaginal discharge subjectively decreased from 100 to 60%, the rate of abnormal vaginal discharges objectively decreased from 100 to 20%, the rate of positive amine tests decreased from 100 to 20%, the rate of genital malodor and abnormal pH of vaginal discharges decreased substantially from 100 to 10%, and the rate of the presence of clue cells also decreased notably from 90 to 10%. However, in the CFDN therapy, none of these factors improved. With respect to susceptibility to CFDN and MTN, CFDN demonstrated good antibacterial activity against almost all bacteria isolated except Gardnerella vaginalis. On the other hand, MTN demonstrated excellent activity against anaerobic bacteria except Peptostreptococcus spp., and had no antibacterial activity against aerobic bacteria. Since the therapeutic effect of MTN in BV appeared to be better than that of CFDN, anaerobes may play a major role in causing clinical symptoms in patients with BV.

cefdinir have penicillin

Cefdinir (Omnicef) is an oral third-generation cephalosporin with good in vitro activity against many pathogens commonly causative in community-acquired infections. The drug provides good coverage against Haemophilus influenzae, Moraxella catarrhalis and penicillin-susceptible Streptococcus pneumoniae, the most common respiratory tract pathogens. Cefdinir is stable to hydrolysis by commonly occurring plasmid-mediated beta-lactamases and retains good activity against beta-lactamase-producing strains of H. influenzae and M. catarrhalis. The drug distributes into various tissues (e.g. sinus and tonsil) and fluids (e.g. middle ear), and has a pharmacokinetic profile that allows for once- or twice-daily administration.Cefdinir, administered for 5 or 10 days, has shown good clinical and bacteriological efficacy in the treatment of a wide range of mild-to-moderate infections of the respiratory tract and skin in adults, adolescents and paediatric patients in randomised, controlled trials. In adults and adolescents, cefdinir is an effective treatment for both lower (acute bacterial exacerbations of chronic bronchitis [ABECB], community-acquired pneumonia) and upper (acute bacterial rhinosinusitis, streptococcal pharyngitis) respiratory tract infections, and uncomplicated skin infections. Its bacteriological and clinical efficacy in patients with lower respiratory tract infections was equivalent to that of comparator agents (cefprozil [bacteriological only], loracarbef, cefuroxime axetil and cefaclor). In one trial in patients with ABECB, cefdinir produced a higher rate of clinical cure than cefprozil (95% CIs indicated nonequivalence). Cefdinir also produced good clinical and bacteriological responses equivalent to responses with amoxicillin/clavulanic acid in patients with acute bacterial rhinosinusitis. In addition, it was at least as effective as penicillin V (phenoxymethylpenicillin) in streptococcal pharyngitis/tonsillitis and as effective as cefalexin in uncomplicated skin infections. In paediatric patients aged > or =6 months, cefdinir showed similar efficacy to that of amoxicillin/clavulanic acid or cefprozil in acute otitis media, and cefalexin in uncomplicated skin infections. Cefdinir given for 5 or 10 days was at least as effective as penicillin V for 10 days in patients with streptococcal pharyngitis/tonsillitis. Cefdinir is usually well tolerated. Diarrhoea was the most common adverse event in trials in all age groups. Although the incidence of diarrhoea in cefdinir recipients was generally higher than in adults and adolescents treated with comparators, discontinuation rates due to adverse events were generally similar for cefdinir and comparator groups. In conclusion, cefdinir is a third-generation cephalosporin with a broad spectrum of antibacterial activity encompassing pathogens that are commonly causative in infections of the respiratory tract or skin and skin structure. Depending on the infection being treated, cefdinir can be administered as a convenient once- or twice-daily 5- or 10-day regimen. Clinical evidence indicates that cefdinir is an effective and generally well tolerated drug with superior taste over comparator antibacterial agents and is therefore a good option for the treatment of adults, adolescents and paediatric patients with specific mild-to-moderate respiratory tract or skin infections, particularly in areas where beta-lactamase-mediated resistance among common community-acquired pathogens is a concern.

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Streptococcus pyogenes was eradicated in 201 (90%) of the 224 patients receiving cefdinir and 155 (72%) of the 216 patients receiving penicillin V (95% confidence interval [CI], 10.7%-25.1%; P < .001). The clinical cure rates were 92% and 91% in the groups receiving cefdinir and penicillin V, respectively (95% CI, -4.5% to 6.1%; P = .80). Adverse events, regardless of the opinion of the investigator about their relationship to the study medication, occurred in 12.5% of the patients receiving cefdinir and 13.6% of the patients receiving penicillin V (P = .69).

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233 H. influenzae isolates obtained from pediatric outpatients with acute otitis media (n = 55), sinusitis (n = 58), or lower respiratory tract infections ( n = 120) from 1 November 2004 to 30 April 2005 were characterized for beta-lactamase production and susceptibility to a panel of 10 beta-lactam antimicrobials. 5000 concentration-time profiles were simulated for US FDA-approved doses of oral amoxicillin, amoxicillin/clavulanic acid, cefpodoxime, cefprozil, ceftibuten, and cefuroxime using pharmacokinetics and weights of 5-year old male children. The probability of attaining free drug concentrations above the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) for 50% of the dosing interval (50% fT > MIC) was assessed for each regimen against this population of H. influenzae.

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In order to evaluate antimicrobial activity of cefcapene (CFPN), minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of CFPN and reference drugs were determined against clinical isolates from respiratory tract infection of out patients that were obtained in our laboratory from January to June of 1997. The results are summarized as follows; 1. The MIC90 of CFPN against penicillin (PC)-susceptible Streptococcus pneumoniae (PSSP) was equal to those of benzylpenicillin (PCG), ampicillin (ABPC) and cefditoren (CDTR), and was lower than those of cefaclor (CCL), cefdinir (CFDN) and erythromycin (EM). 2. The MIC90 of CFPN against PC-intermediate S. pneumoniae (PISP)/PC-resistant S. pneumoniae (PRSP) was equal to that of CDTR, and was lower than those of PCG, ABPC, CCL, CFDN and EM. CFPN showing strong antimicrobial activities against PISP. 3. CFPN showed strong antimicrobial activities against beta-lactamase producing and non-producing Haemophilus influenzae. The MIC90 of CFPN was stronger than those of ABPC, CCL, CFDN and EM, and was approximately equal to that of CDTR. CFPN also showed strong antimicrobial activities against strains which did not produce any beta-lactamase and were resistant to CCL with MIC of > or = 25 micrograms/ml. 4. Antimicrobial activities of CFPN against Moraxella subgenus Branhamella catarrhalis was stronger than that of ABPC and CCL, though the MIC90 of CFPN was rather high, 3.13 micrograms/ml. 5. CFPN showed strong antimicrobial activities against PISP and beta-lactamase producing H. influenzae, and also against the CCL-resistant H. influenzae indicative mutations of penicillin-binding proteins (PBPs). From those results, cefcapen-pivoxil was found to be clinically effective against community acquired respiratory tract infection.

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Cefdinir niosomes were formulated by sonication method using varying concentration of surfactant (span 60), with and without soya lecithin, but the cholesterol ratio was kept constant in all the formulations. The influence of formulation variables such as surfactant concentration, soya lecithin presence or absence were optimized for size and entrapment efficiency. Drug excipient interaction studies were performed using FTIR, indicating compatibility of excipients with drug.

cefdinir pediatric dosing epocrates

Oral second and third generation cephalosporins are undergoing continuing research and development in the arena of pediatric infectious disease in an attempt to fill voids created by existing agents in the quest for the "ideal" antimicrobial. This paper reviews the in vitro antimicrobial activity (pharmacodynamics) and pharmacokinetics of cefdinir, an extended spectrum oral cephalosporin, with an emphasis on those aspects relevant to the pediatric patient population.

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The objective of this study was to determine if physicians would alter their prescribing preferences after sampling liquid formulations of medications for common pediatric diagnoses.

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cefdinir a sulfa drug 2015-05-18

This study explores the killing kinetics within 12 h of four oral third-generation cephalosporins against ten Streptococcus pneumoniae strains exhibiting cefotaxime minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) from 0.03 Can Cephalexin Treat Sinus Infection to 2 microg/ml. Killing curves were performed with concentrations achievable in serum after standard doses (0.015-4 microg/ml). Reductions of 90% were achieved with all compounds at serum-achievable concentrations for strains exhibiting cefotaxime MIC < or = 0.5 microg/ml. Against strains with cefotaxime MIC > or = 1 microg/ml, only cefditoren reached a 90% reduction with concentrations of 0.5-1 microg/ml doses. At 4 microg/ml, cefditoren and cefotaxime reached 99.9% reduction in seven of the ten strains studied. At serum-achievable concentrations, cefdinir and cefixime were not bactericidal against strains exhibiting cefotaxime MIC > or = 0.25 microg/ml and > or = 0.5 microg/ml, respectively. Cefditoren showed the best killing kinetic profiles and this observation may be important when choosing an oral third-generation cephalosporin as initial or sequential therapy.

cefdinir capsules 2017-05-18

We investigated the susceptibility to antibacterials of 194 strains of Haemophilus influenzae isolated from medical facilities in Gifu prefecture between 2005 and 2006, and compared these results with those of 280 strains of H. influenzae isolated between 1999 and 2000. Additionally, the strains that had been separated between 2005 and 2006 were examined for beta-lactamase (BL) production, the mutation of ftsI gene coding for PBP3, the bla gene coding for TEM type of BL and the serotype. Referring to the CLSI breakpoint, H. influenzae strains were classified into the following categories: (1) beta-lactamase-negative ampicillin-susceptible (BLNAS) strains, which showed BL negative, ampicillin (ABPC) and ampicillin/sulbactam (ABPC/SBT)-MIC < or = microg/ml, (2) beta-lactamase producing ampicillin-resistant (BLPAR) strains, which showed BL producing and ABPC/SBT-MIC < or =2 microg/ml, (3) beta-lactamase-negative ampicillin-resistant (BLNAR) strains, which showed BL negative, ABPC and ABPC/SBT-MIC > or =2 microg/ml, (4) beta-lactamase-producing amoxicillin/clavulanic acid-resistant (BLPACR) strains, which showed BL producing and Supreme Headband Cheap ABPC/SBT-MIC > or =4 microg/ml. The prevalence of each resistance class were 71.8% for BLNAS, 7.9% for BLPAR, 19.6% for BLNAR and 0.7% for BLPACR in strains isolated between 1999 and 2000. But they were 38.1% for BLNAS, 4.6% for BLPAR, 54.6% for BLNAR and 2.6% for BLPACR in strains isolated between 2005 and 2006, indicating that the percentage of BLNAS and BLPAR decreased and that of BLNAR and BLPACR increased from 1999-2000 to 2005-2006. On the basis of ftsI substitutions and having bla gene, the strains isolated between 2005 and 2006 were classified into the following distribution: 24.2% for gBLNAS, 4.1% for gBLPAR, 10.8% for gLow-BLNAR, 57.7% for gBLNAR, and 3.1% for gBLPACR-II. Ratio of BLNAR belonging to gBLNAR and gLow-BLNAR based on the ftsI substitutions and having bla gene was higher than that based on the susceptibility pattern. The MIC50 and MIC90 for those strains isolated between 2005 and 2006 were as follows; 0.0039, 0.0156 microg/ml for garenoxacin, 0.0078, 0.0156 microg/ml for tosufloxacin and ciprofloxacin, 0.0156, 0.0313 microg/ml for levofloxacin, 0.0313, 0.0625 microg/ml for norfloxacin, 0.0625, 0.25 microg/ml for piperacillin/ tazobactam, 0.0625, 0.5 microg/ml for piperacillin, 0.125, 0.25 microg/ml for ceftriaxone and cefditoren, 0.5, 1 microg/ml for cefteram, chloramphenicol and tetracycline, 0.5, 2 microg/ml for cefotaxime, 2, 8 microg/ml for ampicillin, ampicillin/sulbactam and cefdinir. In comparison with the values for the strains isolated between 1999 and 2000, the MIC50s of beta-lactam for the strains isolated between 2005 and 2006 increased over 4 times.

cefdinir class of antibiotics 2015-08-25

We examined the substrate specificity of human organic anion transporter (hOAT) 1 and hOAT3 for various cephalosporin antibiotics, cephaloridine, cefdinir, cefotiam, ceftibuten, cefaclor, ceftizoxime, cefoselis and cefazolin by using HEK293 cells stably transfected with hOAT1 or hOAT3 cDNA (HEK-hOAT1, HEK-hOAT3). Additionally, we examined the uptake of various compounds by these transfectants. The mRNA level of hOAT3 in HEK-hOAT3 was about three-fold that of hOAT1 in HEK-hOAT1. Functional expression of hOAT1 and hOAT3 was confirmed by the uptake of p-[14C]aminohippurate and [3H]estrone sulfate, respectively. p-[14C]Aminohippurate, [3H]estrone sulfate, [14C]captopril, [3H]methotrexate, [3H]ochratoxin A, [3H]leucovorin and [3H]cimetidine were shown to be substrates for hOAT1 and hOAT3, and [3H]dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate was shown to be a substrate for hOAT3. All cephalosporin anitibiotics tested were shown to inhibit the uptake of p-[14C]aminohippurate and [3H]estrone sulfate via hOAT1 and hOAT3, respectively, in a dose-dependent manner, and the IC50 values of these antibiotics, except for cefaclor, for the hOAT1-mediated uptake of p-[14C]aminohippurate were within four-fold of those for the hOAT3-mediated uptake of [3H]estrone sulfate. The uptake of cephaloridine, cefdinir and cefotiam by HEK-hOAT3 was Clavobay 500 Mg Bayer 35-50-fold greater than that by control cells. Moreover, the accumulation of the other cephalolsporin antibiotics was significantly greater in HEK-hOAT3 than in control cells. In contrast, the uptake of these antibiotics by HEK-hOAT1 was within two-fold of that by control cells. In conclusion, hOAT3 plays a more important role than hOAT1 in the renal secretion of cephalosporin antibiotics.

cefdinir 250mg 5ml dosage 2017-05-16

We conducted a retrospective cohort study of children aged 6 months to 6 years and received their first diagnosis of UTI in a network of 27 outpatient pediatric practices between July 1, 2001, and May 31, 2006. Globaxol Forte Suspension We examined the relationship between antimicrobial resistance in UTI isolates and exposure to specific antimicrobial agents (amoxicillin, amoxicillin-clavulanate, cefdinir, trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, and azithromycin) in the previous 120 days. We developed multivariable logistic regression models for resistance to ampicillin, amoxicillin-clavulanate, trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, and first-generation and third-generation cephalosporins, adjusting for potential confounders such as age, number of siblings, recent hospitalizations, and child care exposure.

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233 H. influenzae isolates obtained from pediatric outpatients with acute otitis media (n = 55), sinusitis (n = 58), or lower respiratory tract infections ( n = 120) from 1 November 2004 to 30 April 2005 were characterized for beta-lactamase production and susceptibility to a panel of 10 beta-lactam antimicrobials. 5000 concentration-time profiles were simulated for US FDA-approved doses of oral amoxicillin, amoxicillin/clavulanic acid, cefpodoxime, cefprozil, ceftibuten, and cefuroxime using pharmacokinetics and weights of 5-year old male children. The probability of attaining free Bactrim Allergy To Penicillin drug concentrations above the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) for 50% of the dosing interval (50% fT > MIC) was assessed for each regimen against this population of H. influenzae.

is cefdinir a form of penicillin 2015-05-07

An assessment was made of the serum protein binding of representative oral cephems (cefdinir, cefixime and ceftibuten) for sera from healthy subjects (HS) and patients with chronic renal failure (CRF) using an application of equilibrium dialysis under a same set of conditions in vitro. The protein binding capacity of oral cephems in CRF patients being treated with continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) or hemodialysis (HD) was significantly less than that in HS, and a marked increase in free drug concentration was observed. While examining the protein binding of oral cephems with heparin in patients on HD, binding capacity decreased significantly immediately following the completion of dialysis compared to that prior to dialysis. On the other hand, the protein binding of oral cephems did not change when used nafamostat mesilate as an anticoagulant. The addition of palmitic acid (PA), a common non- Cefdinir A Penicillin esterified fatty acid (NEFA), to pooled sera from HS caused the binding capacity of oral cephems to decrease, accompanied by increase in PA concentration. It appears from these findings that changes in the binding capacity of oral cephems with HD have possibly been caused by increase in NEFA due to activation of lipase when heparin was used as an anticoagulant. In conclusion, changes in the protein binding capacity of oral cephems in CRF patients should be taken into consideration in attempts to avoid possible side effects.

cefdinir alcohol caffeine 2017-09-10

In this study, 267 enterococci from different clinical and non-clinical samples of equine origin were tested for their antimicrobial drug sensitivity against 19 antimicrobials using disc Amoxil 90 Mg diffusion method.

cefdinir max dose 2017-02-04

The application of pharmacokinetic (PK) and pharmacodynamic (PD) data in conjunction with minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of antibacterial agents has been shown to allow for improved selection and appropriate dosing of Clavaseptin Online Canada antimicrobial agents for specific infections, increasing the likelihood of bacteriologic cure and, through this, reducing the risk for the development of resistant organisms.

cefdinir 300 mg capsule lupin 2015-11-07

Based on the findings from these trials, children 4 to 8 years of Ofloxacin Floxin 400 Mg age preferred the taste and smell of cefdinir oral suspension to that of the comparator agents.

cefdinir 300 mg tabs 2016-07-25

The minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of tosufloxacin (TFLX), levofloxacin (LVFX), ciprofloxacin (CPFX), gatifloxacin (GFLX), sparfloxacin (SPFX), azithromycin (AZM), cefteram (CFTM), cefdinir (CFDN) and cefpodoxime (CPDX) against 337 clinical isolates of Streptococcus pneumoniae isolated from Japanese hospital from 1997 to 2002 were investigated by agar plate method. The incidence of penicillin-susceptible S. pneumoniae (PSSP), penicillin-intermediate resistant S. pneumoniae (PISP), and penicillin-resistant S. pneumoniae (PRSP) in each year was studied, and the MICs of antibacterial agents against these strains were determined. As the results, the total incidence of PSSP, PISP, and PRSP was 51.0%, 40.4% and 8.6%, respectively. The incidences of PSSP from 1997 to 2002 were 46.0-55.9%, and were almost definite in each year. In quinolone antibiotics, the differences of antibacterial activity among TFLX, SPFX, and GFLX against PSSP, PISP, and PRSP, were not observed, and these 3 quinolones had potent antibacterial activity. Although CPFX and LVFX showed antibacterial activity as well as other quinolones by 2001, the CPFX-resistant or LVFX-intermediate resistant strains of PSSP were seen with 56.5% and 91.3% in 2002, respectively. Thirty percents of each PSSP, PISP, and PRSP strains were AZM-resistant strains. Such tendency of increase was recognized in PSSP. Against cephem antibiotics, the incidence of intermediate resistant and resistant strains was higher for PISP and PRSP than for PSSP. No difference in the incidence of resistant strains was noted among CFTM, CFDN, and CPDX.

cefdinir 300mg capsules uses 2015-11-29

Cefdinir exhibits broad range in vitro activity against Gram-positive and Gram-negative aerobes. It exhibits superior activity against Gram-positive aerobes, compared with drugs like cefixime, ceftibuten, cefuroxime and cefpodoxime. In addition it is stable to hydrolysis by many of the common betalactamases. The pharmacokinetic parameters of cefdinir in children are similar to those obtained in adults using similar milligram per m2 doses (300, 600 mg in adults = 7, 14 mg/kg in children, respectively).