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Ceftin (Cefuroxime)

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Ceftin is used for treating bacterial infections (sinus, skin, lung, urinary tract, ear, and throat). It may also be used to treat Lyme disease and gonorrhea.

Other names for this medication:
Altacef, Cefakind, Ceftum, Cefuroxime, Oratil, Pulmocef, Stafcure, Supacef, Zinacef, Zocef

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Also known as:  Cefuroxime.


Ceftin is a cephalosporin antibiotic. It works by interfering with the formation of the bacteria's cell wall so that the wall ruptures, resulting in the death of the bacteria.

Generic name of Ceftin is Cefuroxime.

Ceftin is also known as Cefuroxime axetil, Zinacef, Bacticef, Cefasun, Cefudura, Cefuhexal, Cefurax, Cefutil, Cetil, Froxime, Elobact, Oraxim, Zinnat.

Brand name of Ceftin is Ceftin.


Take Ceftin by mouth with or without food.

Swallow Ceftin whole. Do not break, crush, or chew before swallowing.

Ceftin works best if it is taken at the same time each day.

If you want to achieve most effective results do not stop taking Ceftin suddenly. To clear up your infection completely, take Ceftin for the full course of treatment. Keep taking it even if you feel better in a few days.


If you overdose Ceftin and you don't feel good you should visit your doctor or health care provider immediately.


Store at room temperature between 15 and 30 degrees C (59 and 86 degrees F) away from moisture and heat. Keep container tightly closed. Throw away any unused medicine after the expiration date. Keep out of the reach of children.

Side effects

The most common side effects associated with Ceftin are:

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Side effect occurrence does not only depend on medication you are taking, but also on your overall health and other factors.


Do not take Ceftin if you are allergic to Ceftin components.

Ceftin should not be used for colds, flu, other virus infections, sore throats or other minor infections, or to prevent infections.

Be careful if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or are breast-feeding.

Be careful if you are taking any prescription or nonprescription medicine, herbal preparation, or dietary supplement.

Be careful if you are diabetes patient. Ceftin may cause the results of some tests for urine glucose to be wrong.

To prevent pregnancy, use an extra form of birth control because hormonal birth control pills may not work as well while you are using Ceftin.

It can be dangerous to stop Ceftin taking suddenly.

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All isolates obtained from patients with bacteriuria from 4 Health Areas in Madrid for a 3-week period were collected. The susceptibility to 4 quinolones and other 9 antibiotics was determined by the agar dilution method. The chi square test was used to compare the results obtained with Escherrichia coli isolates with those obtained with the same method in 1992.

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Oral cephalosporins have not previously been extensively tested against larger numbers of Borrelia burgdorferi isolates derived from different clinical and geographical sources. This study investigated the in vitro activity of eight oral cephalosporins in addition to ceftriaxone and apramycin, against 17 isolates of the B. burgdorferi complex, including one B. valaisiana and one B. bissettii tick isolate. Minimal inhibitory concentrations and minimal borreliacidal concentrations providing 100% killing of the final inoculum were determined by a standardised methodology in Barbour-Stoenner-Kelly-medium after 72 h of incubation. The rank order of potency was ceftriaxone>cefuroxime-axetil>cefixime, cefdinir>cefpodoxime>cefaclor >ceftibuten, loracarbef>cefetamet-pivoxil, apramycin. Our study demonstrates the superior in vitro effectiveness of ceftriaxone with good to excellent activity with the oral agents cefuroxime-axetil, cefixime and cefdinir against B. burgdorferi under strictly standardised test conditions.

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The safety of levofloxacin was compared to that of non-fluoroquinolone alternatives used for respiratory tract infections. Results from five randomised controlled trials revealed that the incidence of any adverse events possibly associated with levofloxacin ranged from 5.8% to 22.7%, whereas that of comparators (ceftriaxone, cefuroxime axetil, clarithromycin and amoxicillin-clavulanic acid) ranged from 8.5% to 39.3%. The rate of adverse drug reactions (ADRs) was lower for levofloxacin in all trials. The most common adverse events for all agents tended to be gastrointestinal in nature. Levofloxacin was associated with a mild effect on the normal microflora, reaching a maximum at four days of therapy, with complete recovery being achieved by seven days post-therapy. No colonisation with resistant strains was observed during the period of levofloxacin therapy. Amoxicillin-clavulanic acid administration selected for resistant strains of Enterobacteriaceae, and ampicillin administration was associated with both resistant strains of Enterobacteriacae as well as Candida spp. Ceftriaxone selected resistant strains of Clostridium difficile and Candida spp. Thus, microflora effects favoured levofloxacin over all of the agents tested, including macrolides and tetracyclines. These results confirm that the ecological impact of levofloxacin is markedly less than that associated with non-fluoroquinolone comparators.

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Parents of 90 children with AOM monitored daily the disappearance of effusion with tympanometry. The children were randomly allocated to be treated with either oral amoxicillin or cefuroxime-axetil for 10 d. Daily monitoring lasted for 14 d or until the tympanogram was normal (curve A or C) in both ears. Pneumatic otoscopy was carried out every 2 wk.

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Orthopedic implant infections are significant because of their morbidity, a tendency to serious relapses and an elevated health cost.

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The efficacy and safety of a 5-day regimen of 800 mg telithromycin once daily was compared with a standard 10-day regimen of 500 mg cefuroxime axetil twice daily in a multicentre, randomized, double-blind, parallel-group trial involving 376 patients with acute exacerbations of chronic bronchitis (AECB). In clinically evaluable patients (n = 282), post-therapy clinical cure rates were 86.4% with telithromycin and 83.1% with cefuroxime axetil. In bacteriologically evaluable patients (n = 53), eradication or presumed eradication of the pathogen was achieved in 76.0% and 78.6% of telithromycin and cefuroxime axetil patients, respectively. Adverse events were mostly mild; the most common were diarrhoea (12.8% versus 11.8%) and nausea (8.9% versus 3.2%) in telithromycin and cefuroxime axetil patients, respectively. The 5-day regimen of 800 mg telithromycin once daily was similar in efficacy and equally well tolerated as a 10-day regimen of 500 mg cefuroxime axetil twice daily in adults with AECB.

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In Rijeka, 35 different systemic antibiotics were used and in Smolensk 22. The overall consumption of antibiotic drugs in Rijeka was more than three times higher than in Smolensk (28.96 vs 8.3 DDD/100 bed-days). The top five antibiotic drugs used in Smolensk were amoxicillin, mydecamicin, ampicilin, doxycylin, gentamicin; and in Rijeka cefuroxime axetil, ceftriaxone, azytromycin, ceftibuten and amoxicillin.

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Five hundred ninety patients were enrolled in a prospective, multicenter, randomized trial comparing the efficacy and safety of 7 to 14 days of levofloxacin treatment with that of ceftriaxone and/or cefuroxime axetil in the management of community-acquired pneumonia in adults. Patients received either intravenous and/or oral levofloxacin (500 mg once daily) or the comparative agents, parenteral ceftriaxone (1 to 2 g once to twice daily) and/or oral cefuroxime axetil (500 mg twice daily). Erythromycin or doxycycline could be added to the comparator arm at the investigator's discretion. The decision to use an intravenous or oral antimicrobial agent for initial therapy was made by the investigator. Clinical and microbiological evaluations were completed at the baseline, during treatment, 5 to 7 days posttherapy, and 3 to 4 weeks posttherapy. Four hundred fifty-six patients (226 given levofloxacin and 230 administered ceftriaxone and/or cefuroxime axetil) were evaluable for clinical efficacy. Streptococcus pneumoniae and Haemophilus influenzae were isolated in 15 and 12%, respectively, of clinically evaluable patients. One hundred fifty atypical pathogens were identified: 101 were Chlamydia pneumoniae, 41 were Mycoplasma pneumoniae, and 8 were Legionella pneumophila. Clinical success at 5 to 7 days posttherapy was superior for the levofloxacin group (96%) compared with the ceftriaxone and/or cefuroxime axetil group (90%) (95% confidence interval [CI] of -10.7 to -1.3). Among patients with typical respiratory pathogens who were evaluable for microbiological efficacy, the overall bacteriologic eradication rates were superior for levofloxacin (98%) compared with the ceftriaxone and/or cefuroxime axetil group (85%) (95% CI of -21.6 to -4.8). Levofloxacin eradicated 100% of the most frequently reported respiratory pathogens (i.e., H. influenzae and S. pneumoniae) and provided a >98% clinical success rate in patients with atypical pathogens. Both levofloxacin and ceftriaxone-cefuroxime axetil eradicated 100% of the S. pneumoniae cells detected in blood culture. Drug-related adverse events were reported in 5.8% of patients receiving levofloxacin and in 8.5% of patients administered ceftriaxone and/or cefuroxime axetil. Gastrointestinal and central and peripheral nervous system adverse events were the most common events reported in each treatment group. In conclusion, these results demonstrate that treatment with levofloxacin is superior to ceftriaxone and/or cefuroxime axetil therapy in the management of community-acquired pneumonia in adults.

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The major pathogens causing acute otitis media (AOM) are Streptococcus pneumoniae and Haemophilus influenzae, with Moraxella catarrhalis, Streptococcus pyogenes, and Staphylococcus aureus less frequently isolated. The same organisms and Staphylococcus epidermidis are found in chronic otitis media with effusion. In chronic suppurative otitis media, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and S aureus are most frequently found. Antimicrobial agents found to be most effective in treating AOM are amoxicillin, trimethoprimsulfamethoxazole, erythromycin-sulfisoxazole, amoxicillin-clavulanate, and cefaclor. Cefuroxime axetil and cefixime are alternatives for which there are less data. Currently, about 20% of AOM cases are caused by beta-lactamase-producing strains (usually H influenzae or M catarrhalis) that are resistant to amoxicillin, thus favoring the use of the other agents listed. Concentrations of antibiotics in middle ear infections range from 10% to 76% of peak serum levels for the listed agents and are higher in AOM than in chronic otitis media with effusion, emphasizing the importance of adequate dosing for successful treatment.

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In malnourished animals of group K the levels of plasma proteins were low, and showed higher concentrations of fat in the liver. The relative bioavailability of cefuroxime was 78.2% for group M and 64.4% for group K. Groups M and K presented lower values of area under the curve, which means that the amount of antibiotic absorbed was lower than group C. In the second pharmacokinetic study although the animals received a good quality diet, it was observed that the area under the curve of group K was lower, and the relative bioavailability was 54.3%, while group M had similar pharmacokinetic values than control group.

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The penetration of cefetamet and cefuroxime into the maxillary sinus mucosa after the administration of cefetamet pivoxil and cefuroxime axetil was investigated in patients undergoing elective surgery of the maxillary sinus. A total of 27 patients, 13 for cefetamet pivoxil and 14 for cefuroxime axetil, ranging from 15 to 70 years of age participated in this study. Each patient received three oral doses of either one tablet of cefetamet pivoxil (500 mg of GLOBOCEF) or two film tablets of cefuroxime axetil (125 and 250 mg of ZINAT) every 12 h. Sinus mucosa tissue samples were removed during surgery at times ranging from 2 to 4.5 h after the last oral administration. Blood samples were collected before drug administration, 2 h after the first and third doses, and concomitantly with tissue sample collection during surgery. All samples were analyzed by high-performance liquid chromatography. The concentrations of cefetamet and cefuroxime in plasma samples measured concomitantly with those in tissue samples ranged between 0.83 and 4.5 micrograms/ml for cefetamet and 0.59 and 3 micrograms/ml for cefuroxime. The mean tissue-to-plasma ratios calculated with reference to total (bound plus unbound) plasma drug concentrations were 0.60 (range, 0.52 to 0.77) for cefetamet (n = 4) and 0.38 (range, 0.28 to 0.44) for cefuroxime (n = 6). Both drugs seem to penetrate freely and easily into the sinus mucosa. The antibacterial activities of cefetamet pivoxil and cefuroxime axetil in cases of sinusitis therefore depend mainly on their achieved active plasma drug concentrations and their intrinsic activities in inhibiting the causative organism(s).

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Cefuroxime has been recommended as a component of treatment for community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) in guidelines produced by several groups, including the US and British Thoracic Societies. It is effective in vitro against the major bacterial pathogens in CAP but it needs to be given with an agent that is active against Mycoplasma, Chlamydia or Legionella spp. if the presence of any of these organisms is suspected. Cefuroxime penetrates respiratory tissue effectively after either parenteral or oral administration, and it has a pharmacodynamic profile which suggests that adequate cover can be achieved with oral therapy for respiratory pathogens susceptible to cefuroxime concentrations of 4 mg/L or less. This break-point is applicable to oral monotherapy and to sequential therapy regimens for the treatment of pneumonia. Cefuroxime can be used either orally or parenterally and it is approved in many countries for the treatment of adult pneumonia by either route. The oral form, cefuroxime axetil, has been used extensively in the treatment of children aged over 3 months but its use in paediatric pneumonia has not been reviewed. The present review summarises clinical experience in the treatment of bacterial pneumonia, of varying severity, in children. The data show that children with severe pneumonia, including those with pleural effusion or complications, can be treated with a full course of intravenous cefuroxime therapy, whereas hospitalised children whose pneumonia stabilises rapidly after initial intravenous therapy can change to oral cefuroxime axetil after 24 to 72 hours and may be able to return home. Oral cefuroxime axetil was appropriate for patients with milder pneumonia managed either in hospital or at home.

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is ceftin a broad spectrum antibiotic 2017-06-04

The oral bioavailability of cefuroxime axetil is enhanced by food. This study was done to compare the effect of two types of Indian breakfast on the bioavailability of Soltrim Medicine cefuroxime axetil in healthy volunteers.

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Although Lyme disease can be effectively treated with doxycycline, amoxicillin and cefuroxime axetil, discovery of novel drugs will benefit the patients intolerant to these drugs and potentially those suffering from chronic Lyme disease that is refractory to these agents and to macrolides. In this study, we have explored 5'-methylthioadenosine/S-adenosylhomocysteine nucleosidase as a drug target for B. burgdorferi, which uniquely possesses three genes expressing homologous enzymes with two Floxin Drops Dosage of these proteins apparently exported.

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The study sample included two groups of children Para Q Sirve Denvar Suspension with a first community acquired UTI: 142 children enrolled in 1991 and 124 enrolled in 1999. UTI was diagnosed by properly collected urine specimen (suprapubic aspiration, transurethral catheterisation, or midstream specimen in circumcised males) in symptomatic patients. Antimicrobial susceptibility of the isolates was compared between the two groups.

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Retrospective case series Cefixime Brand Name In Bd .

ceftin respiratory infection 2015-07-27

The tolerability, safety, and efficacy of cefuroxime axetil suspension was studied in 36 children (aged 3 mo to 12 y) who had been hospitalized for respiratory tract or soft-tissue infections. After receiving parenteral antibiotics for a mean of 3.7 days, children were discharged home to receive cefuroxime axetil suspension at doses of 10, 15, or 20 mg/kg every 8 or 12 hours for a mean of 8.2 days. One child was lost to follow-up. Three of 35 evaluated patients were withdrawn from therapy because of adverse events, one of which was a drug-related hypersensitivity reaction. Of the 32 children who completed therapy, 9 developed mild reactions including oral thrush, diarrhea, or diaper dermatitis; none were withdrawn from therapy. Complete clinical cure occurred in 28 children (80 percent); 4 (11.4 percent) were clinically improved but still required an Klabion 250 Mg Cena additional antibiotic within one week of completing therapy with cefuroxime axetil suspension. This favorable tolerability and safety of cefuroxime axetil suspension warrants further efficacy trials in pediatric patients.

ceftin vs keflex sinus infection 2015-05-29

Development of resistance to antibiotics is a major problem worldwide. The normal oropharyngeal flora, the intestinal flora and the skin flora play important roles in this development. Within a few days after the onset of antibiotic therapy, resistant Escherichia coli, Haemophilus influenzae and Staphylococcus epidermidis can be detected in the normal flora of volunteers or patients. Horizontal spread of the resistance genes to other species, e.g. SALMONELLA: spp., Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus pneumoniae, occurs by conjugation or transformation. An ecologically Sumycin Antibiotic sound antibiotic policy favours the use of antibiotics with little or no impact on the normal flora. Prodrug antibiotics which are not active against the bacteria in the mouth and the intestine (before absorption) and which are not excreted to a significant degree via the intestine, saliva or skin are therefore preferred. Prodrugs such as pivampicillin, bacampicillin, pivmecillinam and cefuroxime axetil are favourable from an ecological point of view. Experience from Scandinavia supports this, since resistance to mecillinam after 20 years of use is low (about 5%) and stable.

ceftin 500 mg sinus infection 2015-11-28

47 venomous snakes of the families Colubridae, Elapidae and Viperidae and 53 non-medically important snakes were captured. 406 bacterial isolates of 72 different species were cultured: these included gram negative and positive bacterial species and also anaerobic bacterial species. With the exception of the white-lipped pit viper (Cryptelytrops albolabris), venomous snakes harboured more pathogenic bacteria and total bacteria species compared to the non-medically Cephalexin Dosage Dogs Skin Infection important species. Of the venomous snakes, the Chinese cobra (Naja atra) harboured the largest number of bacterial species. In the present study, all gram negative bacteria associated with wound infection were sensitive to levofloxacin, netilmicin and piperacillin/tazobactam. Many gram negative bacteria in the study were not sensitive to cefuroxime axetil. Amoxicillin/clavulanic acid was an appropriate choice to cover Enterococcus faecalis and anaerobes.

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Normal tympanograms were obtained after a median time of 7.5 d (range 1-58 d) among 75 successfully monitored patients. In Trifamox Ibl 12 H Suspension two-thirds (69%) of them, effusion resolved in 14 d. The median duration of effusion did not differ significantly between the two treatment groups (8 vs 7 days, p=0.7). The children who had unilateral AOM cured more rapidly than those with bilateral AOM (5 vs 19 d, p<0.001). In logistic regression analysis adjusted for age, bilaterality explained treatment failure at 2 wk with an odds ratio of 28.1 (95% CI 4.6-169.5, p<0.001).

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The outpatient department at Children's Amoclan Dose Hospital of Pittsburgh (Pa), a tertiary referral center.

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There is a high rate of use of antimicrobial drugs for otitis media in children. This article reviews the diagnostic considerations for acute otitis media. An extensive review of literature on this subject has been carried out in order to address the issues of indications Kofron Suspension 125 , choice, appropriate doses of antimicrobial agents and the duration for which they should be used. It is important to distinguish acute otitis media from otitis media with effusion because antibiotics are seldom indicated for the latter condition. Oral amoxicillin remains first-line therapy for uncomplicated acute otitis media, a short course of antimicrobial therapy (five to seven days) may be appropriate in children two years of age or older with uncomplicated presentations. For clinical treatment failures after 3 days of amoxicillin, recommended antimicrobial agents include oral amoxicillin/clavulanate, cefuroxime axetil, cefprozil, cefpodoxime proxetil, and intramuscular (i.m.) ceftriaxone. Tympanocentesis for identification of pathogens and susceptibility to antimicrobial agents is recommended for selection of third-line agents.