tab ceftum 500mg
Our data show that cross-reactivity between penicillins and cephalosporins may be as high as 10.9% for first-generation cephalosporins and 1.1% for third-generation cephalosporins, possibly due to the involvement of similar side chains. Patch tests are a useful diagnostic tool to assess cross-reactivity, but a graded challenge is mandatory because a negative patch test does not always mean tolerability.
ceftum 500 during breastfeeding
A total of 94 Streptococcus pneumoniae (Pnc) and 113 Haemophilus influenzae (Hi) were isolated. Thirty-eight Pnc and 35 Hi were isolated in the 63 patients with recently treated AOM. Pnc as a single isolate was more prevalent in patients recently treated with antibiotics (27 of 63, 43%) than among those not recently treated (32 of 118, 27%, P = 0.047). The MIC50 values of penicillin, cefaclor and cefuroxime axetil for Pnc were significantly higher in the pneumococci isolated from patients recently treated than among those isolated from patients not recently treated with antibiotics (0.38, 3 and 0.75 microg/ml vs. 0.094, 0.38 and 0.12 microg/ml, respectively). Seventy-nine percent of Pnc isolates in the recently treated group had MIC for penicillin of >0.1 microg/ml vs. only 47% in those not recently treated (P < 0.05). The respective figures for MIC >0.5 microg/ml of cefaclor were 79% vs. 41% for the recently treated and not recently treated groups (P < 0.001); cefuroxime MIC >0.5 microg/ml was found in 61 and 25%, respectively (P = 0.001).
ceftum tablet price
Experts in the management of otitis media and the Drug-resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae Therapeutic Working Group were convened by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention to respond to changes in antimicrobial susceptibility among pneumococci. The objective was to provide consensus recommendations for the management of acute otitis media (AOM) and for the surveillance of drug-resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae. After summarizing published and unpublished data from the scientific literature and the experience of the panel members, the group concluded that oral amoxicillin should remain the first-line antimicrobial agent for treating AOM. For patients with clinically defined treatment failure after 3 days of therapy, useful alternative agents include amoxicillin-clavulanate, cefuroxime axetil, and intramuscular ceftriaxone. The group also made recommendations to improve surveillance and to obtain antimicrobial susceptibility patterns for local geographic areas.
ceftum and alcohol
This study compared the use and efficacy of ciprofloxacin to cefuroxime axetil for adult patients with acute bacterial sinusitis.
ceftum 500 dosage
The in vitro activity of ampicillin, amoxicillin/clavulanate, cefadroxil, cefaclor, cefuroxime (axetil), co-trimoxazole, doxycycline, ciprofloxacin, ofloxacin, erythromycin, and roxithromycin was tested against unselected isolates of S. pneumoniae (70), H. influenzae (93), and M. catarrhalis (46), cultured from clinically significant sputum samples of general practice patients. All isolates of S. pneumoniae were highly susceptible to ampicillin; cefadroxil and cefaclor were markedly less active on a weight basis; resistance was only observed with co-trimoxazole (4.3%), doxycycline (5.7%), and erythromycin (2.9%); however, ciprofloxacin and ofloxacin showed median MICs (MIC50), that were only one dilution below breakpoint. Beta-lactamase was detected in 14.0% of H. influenzae isolates; all isolates were susceptible to amoxicillin/clavulanate, cefaclor, and cefuroxime (axetil), although MICs were generally higher for cefaclor; the highest activity was exhibited by ciprofloxacin and ofloxacin; apart from cefadroxil, erythromycin, and roxithromycin, that showed only marginal activity, resistance was observed with co-trimoxazole (4.3%) and doxycycline (1.1%). All (including 71.7% of beta-lactamase producing) isolates of M. catarrhalis were susceptible to amoxicillin/clavulanate, cefaclor and cefuroxime (axetil), although MICs were markedly lower for amoxicillin/clavulanate; ciprofloxacin and ofloxacin showed the lowest MICs; resistance was only observed with cefadroxil (2.2%). In conclusion, the antimicrobial agents showing the most uniformly high in vitro activity against the 3 common community respiratory pathogens tested in the present study, were amoxicillin/clavulanate and, to a lesser extent, cefuroxime (axetil).
interaction of ceftum with alcohol
Ambulatory children younger than 18 years from whose ears P aeruginosa was isolated.
ceftum 250 mg during pregnancy
Nasopharyngeal (NP) carriage of antibiotic-resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae was shown to be associated with recent antibiotic treatment. To date no studies have evaluated early dynamics of pneumococcal NP carriage during antibiotic treatment.
ceftum tablet side effects
We analyzed 252 adult patients with erythema migrans in whom skin biopsy specimen was cultured for the presence of B. burgdorferi sensu lato. Evaluations of epidemiological, clinical, and microbiological findings were conducted at baseline, 14 days, 2, 6, and 12 months after treatment with either doxycycline or cefuroxime axetil.
ceftum 500 urine infection
A prospective, randomized, open-label, in-hospital study of cefuroxime IV 750 mg tid for 10 days (IV group) vs cefuroxime 750 mg IV tid for 3 days, followed by cefuroxime-axetil PO 500 mg bid for 7 days (sequence group), when clinical (symptoms improved and fever disappeared) and/or laboratory response [decrease in C-reactive protein (CRP)] occurred.
ceftum tablet during pregnancy
A 49-year-old male developed bloody diarrhoea whilst on a visit to India. Sigmoidoscopy and rectal biopsy showed acute colitis. Shigella dysentery type I was isolated from stool culture. Cytotoxin production by the organism was demonstrated. The patient developed acute renal failure, thrombocytopaenia and microangiopathic haemolytic anaemia. He required mechanical ventilation, haemodialysis, blood transfusion and antibiotic therapy and achieved a complete recovery. This is an unusual case of haemolytic uraemic syndrome complicating shigellosis in an adult.
ceftum generic name
Three patients with SCLE were treated with cefuroxime axetil at a daily dose of 500 mg for 30-60 days.