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To compare the effect of preoperative and postoperative antibiotics therapy on postoperative sequelae after impacted mandibular third molar extractions.
In this decision analysis examining treatment strategies for recurrent CDI, we demonstrate that FMT colonoscopy is the most cost-effective initial strategy for management of recurrent CDI.
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Global rate of resistance was 49.3% (38/77): 40% of strains were resistant to metronidazole, 19.5% to clarithromycin, and 10.4% to amoxicillin. All of the tested H pylori strains were susceptible to furazolidone and tetracycline. Multiple resistance were detected in 18.2% (14/77 patients) of the strains: 6 of 14 (43%) simultaneously resistant to clarithromycin and metronidazole; 5 of 14 (36%) to amoxicillin and metronidazole; 2 of 14 (14%) to amoxicillin, clarithromycin, and metronidazole; and 1 of 14 (7%) to clarithromycin and amoxicillin.
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Les patients qui allaient à un rendez-vous prévu au Health Sciences North de Sudbury ont remis les résultats de biopsies gastriques sur une base volontaire. Au total, 20 isolats de H pylori ont été recueillis, et les tests de susceptibilité antimicrobienne (à l’amoxicilline, à la tétracycline, au métronidazole, à la ciprofloxacine, à la lévofloxacine et à la clarithromycine) ont été effectués au moyen de la diffusion sur disque et de l’essai E. L’ADN génomique de ces isolats a ensuite été séquencé pour déceler les mutations associées à la résistance antimicrobienne.
The prescribing of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) had increased greatly in recent years worldwide. Aim of our study was to analyze the utilization patterns of PPIs within the National Health Insurance program in Taiwan from 1997 - 2000.
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H. pylori strains were isolated from children who had undergone upper endoscopy at Gyeongsang National University Hospital, including 58 children from 1990-1994 and 33 children from 2005-2009. The susceptibility of H. pylori strains to erythromycin, clarithromycin, azithromycin, amoxicillin, tetracycline, metronidazole, furazolidone, levofloxacin, ciprofloxacin, moxifloxacin, and rifabutin was tested using the serial twofold agar dilution method.
During 1 year, 759 patients who underwent different surgeries were included in the study. Mean age of patients was 32.02 ± 18.79 years. Hand and foot fractures repair were the most frequent surgery types. About 56.4% of administered prophylactic antibiotics were in accordance with the American Society of Health System Pharmacists (ASHP) guidelines regarding prophylaxis indication. The most commonly antibiotic used was cefazolin and antibiotic choices were appropriate in 104 of 168 surgical procedures (62%). Gentamicin, metronidazole and ceftriaxone were the most frequently antibiotics that used inappropriately. Only in 100 of 168 procedures, duration was concordant with the ASHP guideline, whereas in 68 procedures, duration was longer than recommended time. In 98 procedures, the dose was lower and in one procedure, it was higher than recommended doses.
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The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate the effect of local antibiotic therapy with metronidazole adjunctively to scaling and root planing (SRP) versus mechanical treatment alone. 30 maintenance-patients were included in this single-blind study. The subjects had to comply with the following criteria: 2 non-adjacent sites with a probing depth > or =6 mm with bleeding on probing in separate quadrants, no periodontal therapy within the last 3 months, and no antibiotic therapy within the last 6 months. After randomization, the study sites were assigned to one of the following 2 treatments: SRP plus subgingival application of metronidazole 25% dental gel (Elyzol) 5x during 10 days (test site) or SRP alone (control site). Subgingival microbiological samples were taken prior to, and 21 days and 3 months after scaling. The samples were analyzed with a commercial chair-side ELISA (Evalusite) for Porphyromonas gingivalis, Prevotella intermedia and Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans. Probing pocket depth (PPD), attachment level (AL) and bleeding on probing (BOP) were recorded at baseline and 3 months later. PPD reduction and AL-gain were statistically significant (p<0.001) after both treatments. However, there were no statistically significant differences between them. The same observation was made for BOP. P. gingivalis was reduced significantly after both treatments without statistically significant differences. P. intermedia was reduced significantly only after SRP. A. actinomycetemcomitans was not reduced significantly after either treatment. In conclusion, the repeated local application of metronidazole as an adjunct to SRP and the mechanical treatment alone showed similar clinical and microbiological effects without statistically significant differences with the exception of P. intermedia.