A retrospective review of 500 patients was performed. Cortisporin otic suspension was used for 5 days following ventilation tube insertion.
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Cochlear implantation in patients with chronic suppurative otitis media is managed with perioperative antibiotics; however, fungal overgrowth can occur. We present a child who received oral cefdinir and topical ofloxacin (Floxin). After 6 weeks, a fungal (Candida) biofilm was demonstrated on the implant surface. In this clinical setting, an antimicrobial strategy using an oral antifungal to prevent fungal overgrowth is a possibility.
This study compared the efficacy, safety, and ear-pain resolution of once-daily ofloxacin otic solution (0.3%) versus neomycin sulfate/polymyxin B sulfate/hydrocortisone otic suspension administered four times daily, in children with OE. RESEARCH DESIGN, PATIENTS, AND METHODS: This multicenter, randomized, parallel-group, evaluator-blinded study was conducted at 34 centers in 278 pediatric OE patients aged 6 months to 12 years. Patients received five drops of ofloxacin otic solution (0.3%) in the affected ears once daily or three drops of neomycin sulfate/polymyxin B sulfate/hydrocortisone otic suspension four times daily, for 7-10 days. Patient evaluations were performed at pretherapy (day 1), end of therapy (days 7-9), and test of cure (7-10 days post-treatment) visits. Data for 208 patients were clinically evaluable and those for 90 patients were microbiologically evaluable. Scores were obtained for patient assessments of pain severity.
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Fluoroquinolone antibiotics have rarely been associated with renal failure (1). However, temafloxacin, a member of this drug class, was voluntarily withdrawn from the U.S. market in 1992 after reports of renal failure and other adverse reactions (2). In this article, we report one of the first published cases of renal failure resulting from the administration of ofloxacin (Floxin, Ortho Pharmaceutical Corporation), one of the newest fluoroquinolone antibiotics.
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Signaling through vertebrate Hedgehog (Hh) proteins depends on the primary cilium. In response to Hh signals, the transcriptional activator of the pathway, Gli2, accumulates at the ciliary tip, raising the possibility that ciliary localization is important for Gli2 activation. To test this hypothesis, we used the Floxin system to create knock-in Gli2 alleles in embryonic stem cells (ESCs) to allow methodical testing of which domains and residues are essential for the ciliary localization of Gli2. The Gli2 zinc fingers, transcriptional activation domain, repressor domain, phosphorylation cluster and a Sufu binding motif were each dispensable for ciliary localization. Mutating residues that are required for Gli2 sumoylation and nuclear trafficking also did not abrogate ciliary localization. By contrast, several other domains restricted Gli2 nuclear localization, and a central region, distinct from previously characterized domains, was required for ciliary localization. In addition to an inability to localize to cilia, Gli2 lacking this central domain was unable to activate target genes. Thus, our systematic analysis in ESCs reveals that distinct regions of Gli2 regulate its nuclear and ciliary localization. The identification of a domain essential for both ciliary localization and transcriptional activity suggests that ciliary localization of Gli2 is required for its activation.
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Glomerular and nonglomerular hematuria was differentiated in 40 patients by the morphology of erythrocytes stained with floxin in buffer solution. Glomerular hematuria was correctly diagnosed in 91.0%, nonglomerular in 88.9% of patients. The results of diagnosis of hematuria by floxin staining and by phase-contrast microscopy coincided; both methods are superior to the Right staining technique. The proposed method is easily available for any laboratory and is suggested for tentative diagnosis, in order to improve the diagnostic process.
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At present, three antibiotics (doxycycline, ofloxacin [Floxin], and azithromycin [Zithromax]) provide optimal therapy for both typical and atypical community-acquired pneumonias. These agents permit a monotherapeutic approach and are also ideal for intravenous-to-oral switch therapy, which results in great cost savings for an institution and an earlier discharge for the patient. The era of oral therapy has been ushered in because of economic imperatives. Fortunately, bioavailability of these three antibiotics is essentially the same when administered intravenously or orally. Moderately to severely ill patients may be safely and effectively treated via the oral route alone; however, most patients who require admission to the hospital are initially given intravenous therapy, after which a change is made to an oral antibiotic equivalent as soon as possible.
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In each of the studies of OE, CSOM and AOM-TT, ofloxacin otic solution was effective in eradicating the bacterial pathogen from the site of infection: equivalent to Cortisporin for children with OE; superior to amoxicillin/clavulanate for patients with AOM-TT who had acute drainage; and effective in eradicating bacterial pathogens from the external canal of patients with CSOM.