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Chronic rhinosinusitis is frequently associated with asthma. A Th2 cytokine pattern has been recently reported in chronic rhinosinusitis in asthmatic children.
Twenty-six hospitalized and 14 ambulatory children with the most common bacterial infections were treated with augmentin, intravenously and orally. In 90% of the cases in this study a clinical and microbiological cure was obtained. The number of side-effects was no higher than those caused by other drugs. Augmentin provides safe and effective therapy for infections commonly seen in the pediatric population.
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This report presents a prospective randomized study of 0.3 percent ofloxacin eardrops for the treatment of active chronic suppurative otitis media. Twenty-nine patients were treated with ofloxacin eardrops for 1 week, and another 27 patients were treated with Augmentin for 1 week. One week after completion of treatment, 22 (76%) patients of the group treated with ofloxacin had dry ears, and only seven (26%) patients treated with Augmentin had dry ears. Ofloxacin eardrops were effective in the initial treatment of active chronic suppurative otitis media.
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Fundamental and clinical studies on BRL 25000 granules were carried out in the pediatric field. BRL 25000 is a formulation comprising 1 part of clavulanic acid (CVA) and 2 parts of amoxicillin (AMPC). The MICs of BRL 25000 and AMPC were assessed against 24 clinically isolated strains of S. aureus (including 23 beta-lactamase producing strains), 22 S. pyogenes, 20 E. coli (8 beta-lactamase producing strains), 24 K. pneumoniae (24 beta-lactamase producing strains), 20 H. influenzae (6 beta-lactamase producing strains). BRL 25000 showed MIC80 (cumulatively 80% of strains were inhibited) at 6.25 micrograms/ml against S. aureus, less than or equal to 0.10 micrograms/ml against inst S. pyogenes, 12.5 micrograms/ml against E. coli, 6.25 micrograms/ml against K. pneumoniae and 0.39 micrograms/ml against H. influenzae. BRL 25000 showed no improvement in MIC terms against beta-lactamase nonproducing strains compared with AMPC. However, BRL 25000 was markedly more effective against beta-lactamase producing strains. Thus BRL 25000 was up to 8 fold more active against S. aureus, 2 to 64 fold against E. coli, 4 to 128 fold against K. pneumoniae, 4 to 16 fold against H. influenzae than AMPC. Following oral administration of BRL 25000 granules (at a dose level of 12.5 mg/kg) to 2 children aged 9 and 11 years, the mean peak serum concentrations of AMPC and CVA were 8.33 +/- 2.43 micrograms/ml and 4.44 +/- 1.65 micrograms/ml respectively 1 hour after dosing. The half-lives of AMPC and CVA were 1.35 +/- 0.42 hours and 0.91 +/- 0.05 hour, respectively. The urinary excretion was 48.21 +/- 3.83% for AMPC and 16.90 +/- 7.06% for CVA in the first 6 hours after administration. In clinical studies, 23 pediatric patients aged 2 months to 12 years with bacterial infections were treated with BRL 25000 granules and the clinical effectiveness, bacteriological response and side effects were evaluated. The clinical response was assessed in 23 cases, 3 with acute rhinitis, 6 with acute purulent tonsillitis, 5 with acute bronchitis, 4 with acute pneumonia, 3 with impetigo, 1 with furunculosis and 1 with periproctal abscess. Results were excellent in 13 cases, good in 7, fair in 3 and hence the efficacy rate (excellent and good cases) was 87.0% (20/23). In particular the clinical response in 9 cases with infections due to beta-lactamase producing organisms was excellent in 6, good in 2, fair in 1 and the efficacy rate was 88.9% (8/9).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)
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The main objective of this study was to determine whether bacteria cultured from oral swabs taken at the time of surgery predicted postoperative fistula formation.
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Forty-two children were recruited into the study and one defaulted on follow-up. Failure occurred in 6 of 20 for the azithromycin group and 5 of 21 for the amoxycillin/clavulanate group. The odds ratio was 1.46 (95%CI 0.37-5. 80, P = 0.73). No relapse occurred in azithromycin group and 5 of 21 in amoxycillin/clavulanate group. The odds ratio was 0.16 (95%CI 0. 017-1.51, P = 0.18). Both antibiotics were well tolerated, however, two children, one from each group, complained of mild transient epigastric discomfort.
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Amoxicillin/clavulanate 2000/125 mg was generally well tolerated. This new amoxicillin/clavulanate formulation provides a suitable option for empiric therapy for ABRS in adults.
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Hallucinations caused by adverse reactions to medication are not uncommon and a wide variety of drugs may be involved. We present a case of hallucinations caused by therapeutic doses of oral clarithromycin (500 mg b.i.d).
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Retrospective study of two consecutives series of ear surgery with two different antibioprophylaxis protocols. In the first series (n=100), antibioprophylaxis by amoxicillin and clavulanic acid was given only in cases of chronic otitis media with otorrhea and cholesteatoma (contaminated surgery). In the second series (n=107), no antibiotic was administered. The number of infected complications was evaluated by reviewing medical charts.
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We determined the cost of care for 2 diagnosis and management approaches for acute otitis media (AOM) among children 6 to 30 months old. A case-control design was used. Cases included 208 children diagnosed with AOM based on a bulging tympanic membrane (TM) and treated with amoxicillin/clavulanate. Controls (5:1 ratio) included 1020 children with AOM diagnosed not requiring bulging of the TM and treated with amoxicillin. Fewer cases (49%) than controls (69%) were diagnosed with AOM (P < .001), fewer were diagnosed with recurrent AOM or AOM treatment failure (0.34 vs 1.6/child; P < .0001), and fewer had insertion of tympanostomy tubes (6.3% vs 14.8%) due to recurrent AOM (P < .0001). The combined direct payments and indirect costs for management of AOM were $539/case versus $1,023/control. Using Rochester NY payments generalized to the US birth cohort, this case diagnosis and treatment strategy could save $1.008 billion per year.
In search 1, electronic medical records from patients seen between 1994 and 2004 with an ICD-9-CM code of acute liver injury were identified and cross-searched for the specific drug names in the dictation text. In search 2, all patients with an ICD-9-CM code of drug poisoning/overdose due to one of the four study drugs were identified. In search 3, patients with a poisoning code as well as an acute liver injury code were identified.