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Among the patients who did not deviate from the protocol (clinical per-protocol population), clinical success at day 21-28 post-therapy (test of cure; primary efficacy endpoint) was 92.4% (266/288) for amoxicillin/clavulanate 2000/125 mg and 91.2% (135/148) for amoxicillin/clavulanate 875/125 mg (treatment difference, 1.1; 95% confidence interval, -4.4, 6.6). Bacteriological success at test of cure in the bacteriology per-protocol population was 90.8% (79/87) with amoxicillin/clavulanate 2000/125 mg and 86.0% (43/50) with amoxicillin/clavulanate 875/125 mg (treatment difference 4.8; 95% confidence interval, -6.6, 16.2). At test of cure, amoxicillin/clavulanate 2000/125 mg was clinically and bacteriologically effective against 7/7 penicillin-resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae (MIC > or = 2 mg/L) isolates (including three amoxicillin non-susceptible strains) and amoxicillin/clavulanate 875/125 mg against 5/5 isolates (including one amoxicillin non-susceptible strain).
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Augmentin was used in treatment of mild forms of postnatal endometritis and serous mastitis. Augmentin tablets proved to be efficient in endometritis due to enterobacteria and obligate nonsporulating anaerobes and mastitis due to Staphylococcus aureus strains sensitive to the preparation. No adverse events were recorded. It was shown that in the treatment of mild postnatal infections the augmentin tablets were not inferior by their activity of combinations of antibiotics against aerobic and anaerobic microflora.
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Knowledge of the quality and conformity of antimicrobial resistance data is important for comparing resistance rates regionally and over time. In this study, we have evaluated these features of the Finnish national susceptibility surveillance data for two respiratory tract pathogens, Streptococcus pneumoniae and Haemophilus influenzae. For this purpose internal quality control results for two isolates (S. pneumoniae ATCC 49619 and H. influenzae ATCC 49247) were analyzed from 21 clinical microbiology laboratories over a 3-year period. The results show that standardization of the susceptibility testing methods has proceeded well. The number of protocols used for susceptibility testing has declined (from seventeen methods to two with S. pneumoniae and from eleven to three with H. influenzae) and the reproducibility is good. Nevertheless, we noticed that a few laboratories test and report susceptibility results without defined break-points and even include antimicrobials with questionable therapeutic effect. Another non-compliance with the standard was a lack of a regular control system to verify the attainment of the intended quality of results in some laboratories. Interlaboratory analysis of quality control results is a good way to evaluate the quality and conformity of national resistance data. Finnish laboratories have produced very reproducible and accurate susceptibility results in the pre-EUCAST period, which ended in 2011.
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A 5-year longitudinal, prospective study in Rochester, NY, was conducted from July 2006 to July 2011 involving 254 individualized care children. When this individualized care group developed symptoms of AOM, strict diagnostic criteria were applied and a tympanocentesis was performed. Pathogen resistance to empiric high-dose amoxicillin/clavulanate (80 mg/kg of amoxicillin component) caused a change in antibiotic to an optimized choice. Legacy controls (n = 208) were diagnosed with the same diagnostic criteria by the same physicians as the individualized care group and received the same empiric amoxicillin/clavulanate (80 mg/kg of amoxicillin component) but no tympanocentesis or change in antibiotic. Community control children (n = 1020) were diagnosed according to current American Academy of Pediatrics guidelines and treated with high-dose amoxicillin (80 mg/kg) without tympanocentesis as guideline recommended.
Children with proven nasopharyngeal colonization with Streptococcus pneumoniae improved more rapidly (6.5 vs 8.5 median days to symptom resolution) than those who were not colonized with S pneumoniae. Age and radiograph findings did not predict time to symptom resolution.
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We report the first case of Gordonibacter pamelaeae bacteremia, identified by phenotypic tests and 16S rRNA sequencing in a patient with disseminated rectosigmoid carcinoma and responsive to amoxicillin-clavulanate. The bacterium was a nonsporulating, anaerobic, gram-positive, nonmotile, coccobacillus that was catalase, arginine dihydrolase, and arginine acrylamidase positive. The gastrointestinal tract is probably its reservoir.
8.1% patients with no biliary obstruction and jaundice had a drug-induced and predominantly antibiotic-related aetiology particularly affecting an elderly population. We recommend that all patients receiving co-amoxiclav and flucloxacillin should be counselled before the therapy regarding the potential risk of jaundice and that an alternative antibiotic to co-amoxiclav is used if possible in men over the age of 60 years.
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Previous research has shown that antibiotic usage in patients with superficial sharp lacerations has no influence over infection rate. This study is a prospective controlled trial, using systematic allocation, of 250 patients of which 113 received co-amoxiclav (Augmentin) and 137 did not. Special emphasis was placed on wound debridement and irrigation. All sharp soft tissue lacerations including those with nerve, tendon and muscle damage were entered into the trial. The results show a low overall infection rate of 4%. The infection rate in the group treated with antibiotics was 5% and 3.2% in the group who received no antibiotics. Lacerations operated on up to 48 h from the injury were included and there was no correlation between the length of time waited and the infection rate. We conclude that antibiotics are an unnecessary adjunct in the treatment of sharp lacerations of the hand and upper limb, provided meticulous surgical debridement is performed.
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We tested the sensitivity of 32 strains of N. gonorrhoeae isolated using classical algorithm and E-test strips according with CLSI 2008 (Clinical and Laboratory Standard Institute) standard. We tested the sensitivity for penicillin, amoxicillin, augmentin, clarytromycin, tetracycline, ceftriaxone, ciprofloxacin, and spectinomycin. Production of beta-lactamases was performed using API-NH test (Neisseria-Haemophylus-Biomerieux).
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78 cases of acute salpingitis were treated with the association Oflocet-Augmentin in a multicenter study. An accurate clinical and bacteriological evaluation was carried out prior to the treatment and a control laparoscopy was performed in 31 cases. A Chlamydia infection was responsible in 56 p. cent of the cases; only one bacteria was identified in 56 cases and an association of two or three bacteria in 15 cases; in 7 cases, no bacteria was identified. The antibiotic association was effective in 96 p. cent of the cases, with a good clinical and biological tolerance. Three failure were reported: one in an infection secondary to a non identified bacteria, and two in Chlamydia infections where, despite the clinical cure, a positive culture persisted in the abdomen. The association Oflocet-Augmentation is therefore recommended in the treatment of high genital infections.
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The median time to cessation of otorrhea was significantly shorter with ciprofloxacin/dexamethasone otic suspension than with amoxicillin/clavulanic acid suspension (4.0 vs 7.0 days; n = 79). This resulted in significantly more clinical cures at the test-of-cure visit (85% vs 59%, respectively). Frequent adverse events (> 3%) related to ciprofloxacin/dexamethasone otic suspension included ear pain (5.1%) and related to amoxicillin/clavulanic acid suspension included diarrhea (19.5%), dermatitis (7.3%), and gastroenteritis (4.9%).
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The use of antibiotic prophylaxis prior to percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy insertion has been encouraged following development of guidelines by a number of professional societies within the past few years. However, not all evidence supports routine prophylaxis, particularly in patients with 'benign' disease indications for percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy insertion.