In the 'Overview of the role of antibiotics in curtailing labour and early delivery' (ORACLE I)-trial in women with premature rupture of membranes, the use of erythromycin was found to be associated with a decrease in the primary composite outcome (neonatal death, chronic lung disease or major cerebral abnormality on ultrasound; p = 0.08) and in single adverse neonatal outcomes (p = 0.02) when compared to placebo. The positive results were more significant in the singleton group (p = 0.02 for the composite outcome), while no effects were found in twin pregnancies. The combination of amoxycillin and clavulanic acid, with or without erythromycin, was associated with some improvements in outcome, but was also accompanied by a higher rate of neonatal necrotising enterocolitis. Another trial (ORACLE II) found no effects of antibiotic use in women with premature labour with intact membranes. Although both trials were of good quality, the stratification into singleton and twin pregnancies should have been done more consistently. Because premature rupture of membranes in singleton pregnancies is more likely to be associated with a pre-existing infection than in multiple pregnancies, the potential benefit of treatment with antibiotics is larger in singleton pregnancies.
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Multicenter trial at 3 teaching hospitals in Turkey.
Brodimoprim is a long acting broad spectrum antibacterial agent. It is a new selective inhibitor of bacterial dihydrofolate reductase, structurally related to trimethoprim. The aim of the present study was to investigate the efficacy and tolerability of brodimoprim (10 mg/kg on the first day, 5 mg/kg/die onward) in the treatment of upper respiratory tract infections in children (age range: 2-14 years). This open group comparative study was performed either in 68 children affected by bacterial pharyngotonsillitis (37 treated with brodimoprim, 31 with erythromycin 560 mg/kg/8 hours) or in 50 patients affected by otitis media (25 treated with brodimoprim, 25 with amoxicillin/clavulanic acid 50 mg/kg/12 hours) or in 52 patients affected by acute sinusitis (25 treated with brodimoprim, 27 with amoxicillin/clavulanic acid 50 mg/kg/12 hours). All patients were clinically evaluated before admission, during the trial and 48 hours after the last dose of antibiotic. At the same time blood and secretion samples were collected for hematology/biochemistry and microbiological assays. A total of 170 subjects were treated and 141 patients demonstrated a clinical recovery/improvement following the treatment period, with approximately the same recovery rate (83%) among the groups. The bacteriological response was evaluated in 169 subjects. Eradication of pathogens was documented in 27 subjects treated with brodimoprim and 28 with erythromycin in the pharyngotonsillitis group, in 22 subjects treated with brodimoprim and 16 with amoxicillin/clavulanic acid in the otitis group and in 17 subjects treated with brodimoprim and 20 with amoxicillin/clavulanic acid in the sinusitis group. The overall eradication in brodimoprim treated patients was 77% in comparison with 76% of eradication obtained in the control groups.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
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All secondary peritonitis cases at our institution between 1998 and 2000 were included. Susceptibility to imipenem and amoxicillin/clavulanate of microorganisms isolated in peritoneal fluid and success rates were compared. Therapeutic failure was defined as death, necessity of repeated surgical intervention, or clinical deterioration with persistent positive cultures.
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A new beta-lactamase-stable oral antibiotic (Augmentin) has been found to be effective in the treatment of urinary tract infections (uncomplicated and complicated, recurrent, and nosocomial) and bacteriuria. The literature is reviewed.
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Ear, nose, and throat clinic with three doctors.
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Pradofloxacin 2.5% oral suspension is a safe, efficacious, and palatable treatment for bacterial urinary tract infections (UTI) in cats.
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There was a statistically significant (P<.004) increased risk of having an infectious complication after bimaxillary orthognathic surgery without antibiotic prophylaxis. No significant difference in the incidence of infectious complications was found between the 2 medications.
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In a clinic modelling randomised trial (CMRT) in three groups of 10 land-race pietren pigs each it could be shown that the influence of prophylactic antibiotic administration on intraoperative hemodynamic stability and histamine release is only evident, if by stepwise addition of complicating factors the overall complexity of the experimental setting is increased. Different antibiotic regimen for prophylaxis significantly affected the incidence of cardiovascular instabilities only after relevant blood loss, restoration of circulation and subsequent submaximal induction of anaphylactoid reactions by the histamine liberator Polymyxin B. In conclusion, preclinical testing of therapeutic agents in complex clinic modelling randomised trials should be mandatory to avoid the possible hazards of misconducted clinical trials.