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To determine comparative in vitro activity of sitafloxacin against clinical isolates of bacteria from Thai patients with urinary tract infection and those with lower respiratory tract infection.
We isolated 111 H. pylori strains from the gastric mucosa of H. pylori-infected patients in Bhutan in 2010. The Epsilometer test was used to determine the minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of amoxicillin (AMX), clarithromycin (CLR), metronidazole (MNZ), levofloxacin (LVX), ciprofloxacin (CIP), and tetracycline (TET).
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University surgical intensive care unit.
Sinus lift is a predictable procedure for increasing alveolar bone height in the posterosuperior alveolar regions to allow oral prosthetic rehabilitation. Several complications have been documented in the literature and vary from sinus membrane perforation to maxillary rhinosinusitis. The authors present a case of Gemella morbillorum acute sinusitis after sinus lift surgery. The purpose of this report is to describe the surgical and pharmacological management of a patient allergic to penicillin.
BK-virus (BKV) is an important etiological agent for late-onset hemorrhagic cystitis (HC) in patients undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Late-onset HC causes significant morbidity among these patients. Therapeutic approaches remain predominantly symptomatic. Several treatment options have been used with variable success rates. Cidofovir has the highest specificity against BKV; however, its lack of availability in the majority of countries, high costs and potential nephrotoxic effects limit its use. The present study reports three cases of severe and prolonged BKV-associated HC (BKHC). HC was resolved in all three of the patients using oral levofloxacin. Thus, levofloxacin may be an effective treatment modality for achieving complete clinical and molecular response in patients with refractory, severe BKHC.
During a 12-month cross-sectional study period, 65 H. pylori isolates were recovered from 124 biopsy specimens. Isolates were subjected to susceptibility testing using by Epsilometer test according to the European Committee on Antimicrobial Susceptibility Testing (EUCAST) guideline. PCR was used to detect different types of integrons.
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The eradication of Helicobacter (H.) pylori allows peptic ulcers in patients infected with the bacteria to be cured. Treatment with the classic triple regimen (proton pump inhibitor, amoxicillin and clarithromycin) has shown decreased efficacy due to increased bacterial resistance to clarithromycin. In our country, the eradication rate by intention to treat with this regimen is 83%. In Brazil, a commercially available regimen for bacterial eradication that uses levofloxacin and amoxicillin with lansoprazole is available; however, its efficacy is not known. Considering that such a treatment may be an alternative to the classic regimen, we aimed to verify its efficacy in H. pylori eradication.
A prospective, randomized, controlled multicenter trial was performed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of once-daily oral monotherapy with 500 mg levofloxacin in comparison with 4.5 g piperacillin/tazobactam 3 times a day in patients with low-risk febrile neutropenia. Low risk was defined by oral temperature > or = 38.5 degrees C on one occasion or > or = 38.0 degrees C twice within 24 hours and granulocytopenia < or = 500/microL for less than 10 days. The primary end point was defined as defervescence after 72 hours followed by at least 7 afebrile days. Secondary end points were overall response, time to defervescence, survival on day 30, and toxicity. Thirty-four episodes were included. Fever of unknown origin accounted for 26 (76.5%) of the episodes, microbiologically defined infection for 5 (14.7%) of the episodes, and clinically defined infection for 3 (8.8%) of the episodes. On an intent-to-treat basis, all episodes were evaluable for the primary end point. Levofloxacin and piperacillin/tazobactam were successful after 72 hours of treatment in 76.5% and 88.3% of the episodes. Overall response was achieved in 94.1% and 100% of the episodes, respectively. One inpatient in the oral treatment group died of septic shock without identification of a causative pathogen. A larger phase III trial is warranted to further evaluate the lack of inferiority of the oral monotherapy regimen versus standard intravenous therapy.