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Ecthyma gangrenosum (EG) is an anatomoclinical syndrome commonly associated with Pseudomonas aeruginosa cutaneous infection. Other microorganisms have also been incriminated on occasion, with other viral, fungal and bacterial agents potentially causing EG. In this report, we present an extremely rare case of an EG caused by methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA) infection. This case, highly characteristic of EG both clinically and histologically, calls into question the physiopathological mechanisms of the disease and provides a reminder that it may be caused by a variety of organisms.
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A total of 561,237 children (61%) received at least one drug prescription. The prescription prevalence rate was highest in children 3 years of age (78%), decreased with increasing age and was higher in boys than in girls (chi(2)=655; p<0.001). Each treated child received an average of 3.2 prescriptions and 4.8 boxes.
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Initiation of prophylactic antibiotics is indicated if the dog bite has undergone primary closure; if there is a moderate or severe bite wound; for puncture wounds (especially if penetration of bone, tendon sheath, or joint), facial bites, bites to the hands or feet, or genital area bites; or wounds sustained by victims who are immunocompromised or asplenic. The first-line choice of antibiotic is amoxicillin-clavulanate. Appropriate tetanus and rabies prophylaxis as indicated should also be a part of caring for a patient who has sustained a dog bite, as well as local debridement and thorough cleaning of the wound.
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Significantly greater bacteriological eradication with moxifloxacin was mainly driven by superior Haemophilus influenzae eradication (P = 0.002, EOT). Baseline clinical factors were a weak predictor of the presence of pathogens in sputum (AUCROC = 0.593). On multivariate analysis, poorer bacterial eradication was associated with antibiotic resistance (P = 0.0001), systemic steroid use (P = 0.0024) and presence of P. aeruginosa (P = 0.0282).
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Non surgical wounds include chronic ulcers (pressure or decubitus ulcers, venous ulcers, diabetic ulcers, ischaemic ulcers), burns and traumatic wounds. The prevalence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) colonisation (i.e. presence of MRSA in the absence of clinical features of infection such as redness or pus discharge) or infection in chronic ulcers varies between 7% and 30%. MRSA colonisation or infection of non surgical wounds can result in MRSA bacteraemia (infection of the blood) which is associated with a 30-day mortality of about 28% to 38% and a one-year mortality of about 55%. People with non surgical wounds colonised or infected with MRSA may be reservoirs of MRSA, so it is important to treat them, however, we do not know the optimal antibiotic regimen to use in these cases.
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The cefixime preparation was most commonly rated as best tasting by children.
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Amoxycillin/clavulanic acid (Augmentin) has been widely used as a broad spectrum antibiotic since its introduction in 1981, since which time a number of reports of adverse hepatic reaction to the drug combination have been published. This paper describes five patients presenting with cholestatic illness within 8 weeks of a course of amoxycillin/clavulanic acid. The clinical picture indicated a direct link between the illness and the drug combination. Hepatic histology revealed a distinctive focal destructive cholangiopathy in all five patients, which has not previously been reported. Two also showed a granulomatous reaction, which has only previously been reported in one patient. Parallels are drawn with other diseases displaying bile duct destruction, and it is suggested that immunologically mediated drug-induced biliary damage may be involved. One of the five patients developed chronic liver disease with persistence of cholestatic liver biochemical tests, which has not previously been reported. The severity of the reaction and its prolonged course merit wider recognition of the possible adverse hepatic reaction to amoxycillin/clavulanic acid.
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Fifteen of 54 patients developed a wound infection. Of these, 10 had received a placebo; 3, cefuroxime; and 2, amoxicillin-clavulanic acid.