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Sefdin (Omnicef)
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Sefdin

Sefdin is used to treat bacterial infections in many different parts of the body. It belongs to the class of medicines known as cephalosporin antibiotics. It works by killing bacteria or preventing their growth. However, this medicine will not work for colds, flu, or other virus infections.

Other names for this medication:
Cefdinir, Ceftinex, Omnicef

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Also known as:  Omnicef.

Description

To reduce the development of drug-resistant bacteria and maintain the effectiveness of Sefdin and other antibacterial drugs, Sefdin should be used only to treat or prevent infections that are proven or strongly suspected to be caused by susceptible bacteria. When culture and susceptibility information are available, they should be considered in selecting or modifying antibacterial therapy. In the absence of such data, local epidemiology and susceptibility patterns may contribute to the empiric selection of therapy.

Sefdin (cefdinir) capsules and Sefdin (cefdinir) for oral suspension are indicated for the treatment of patients with mild to moderate infections caused by susceptible strains of the designated microorganisms in the conditions listed below.

Dosage

Patients should be counseled that antibacterial drugs including Sefdin should only be used to treat bacterial infections. They do not treat viral infections (e.g., the common cold). When Sefdin is prescribed to treat a bacterial infection, patients should be told that although it is common to feel better early in the course of therapy, the medication should be taken exactly as directed. Skipping doses or not completing the full course of therapy may decrease the effectiveness of the immediate treatment and increase the likelihood that bacteria will develop resistance and will not be treatable by Sefdin or other antibacterial drugs in the future.

Diarrhea is a common problem caused by antibiotics which usually ends when the antibiotic is discontinued. Sometimes after starting treatment with antibiotics, patients can develop watery and bloody stools (with or without stomach cramps and fever) even as late as two or more months after having taken the last dose of the antibiotic. If this occurs, patients should contact their physician as soon as possible.

Overdose

Overdose can cause nausea, vomiting, stomach pain, diarrhea, skin rash, drowsiness, and hyperactivity.

Storage

Store at room temperature between 20 and 25 degrees C (68 and 77 degrees F) away from moisture and heat. Throw away any unused medicine after the expiration date. Keep out of the reach of children.

Side effects

The most common side effects associated with Sefdin are:

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Side effect occurrence does not only depend on medication you are taking, but also on your overall health and other factors.

Contraindications

Diabetes patients - Sefdin suspension has sucrose in it. It may affect your blood sugar. Check blood sugar levels closely. Ask your doctor before you change the dose of your diabetes medicine.

Diabetes patients - Sefdin suspension may cause the results of some tests for urine ketones or glucose to be wrong. Ask your doctor before you change your diet or the dose of your diabetes medicine.

Sefdin suspension may interfere with certain lab tests (eg, Coombs tests). Be sure your doctor and lab personnel know you are using Sefdin suspension.

sefdin 300 mg side effects

We evaluated the resistance to 20 different antibacterial agents of 362 clinically isolated strains of Streptococcus pneumoniae accumulated from October 2000 to July 2001 (phase 1) and of 332 different strains accumulated from January to June 2004 (phase 2), from institutions throughout Japan that participated in the surveys carried out by the Drug-Resistant Pathogen Surveillance Group in Pediatric Infectious Disease. In phase 1, the proportions of penicillin-sensitive S. pneumoniae (PSSP), penicillin-insensitive S. pneumoniae (PISP), and penicillin-resistant S. pneumoniae (PRSP) were 35.4%, 34.8%, and 29.8%, respectively, and the proportions were almost the same in phase 2: 33.1%, 37.0%, and 29.8%, respectively. Comparison of the MIC(90) values of the antibacterial agents for PRSP in phase 1 and phase 2 revealed that these values for cefditoren, cefpodoxime, cefdinir, faropenem, ceftriaxone, cefotaxime, meropenem, and vancomycin increased by twofold to fourfold during the 3 years between phase 1 and phase 2. However the MIC(90) of rokitamycin increased more than fourfold. The proportion of S. pneumoniae that were PISP + PRSP remained almost constant over the 3 years between phase 1 and phase 2. The background factors of patient age, previous administration of antibacterial agents, and attendance at a day nursery were examined; we found that in phase 1, the proportion of PISP + PRSP was significantly higher than that of PSSP in patients under 4 years old who had previously received antibacterial agents, but no significant differences were found in any of these background factors in the phase 2 survey. No significant difference was found in the proportions of penicillin-resistant bacteria according to whether or not the child had attended a day nursery.

sefdin medicine

Acute otitis media (AOM) is not only the most common bacterial infection in children in the United States, it is also the most common indication for the prescription of antibiotics. Unfortunately, antibiotic resistance to pathogens (Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae, and Moraxella catarrhalis) typically causative of AOM, continues to increase. More than 30% of the beta-lactamase producing H. influenzae are resistant to amoxicillin and virtually all strains of M. catarrhalis are beta-lactamase-positive. The emergence of multidrug-resistant strains, particularly S. pneumoniae, complicates the management of AOM and increases the risk for treatment failure. Because of growing resistance, the Centers for Disease Control and the American Academy of Pediatrics promote the judicious use of antibiotics in the treatment of AOM. Their recommendations emphasize the importance of distinguishing AOM from otitis media with effusion, minimizing the use of antibiotics, and discerning between first- and second-line antibiotics in the treatment of simple uncomplicated AOM versus non-responsive/recurrent AOM. Because spontaneous cure rates are lower in complicated AOM and AOM secondary to S. pneumoniae infection, antibiotic therapy remains an appropriate treatment option for most children with AOM. When amoxicillin, the treatment of choice in AOM, is not effective or not tolerated in children, the prescriber should consider an alternative that displays not only excellent antimicrobial activity against the suspected pathogens, but also characteristics, such as convenient dosing, tolerability, and palatability, that promote compliance and adherence in children. The cephalosporins offer an alternative to penicillins. Cephalosporins such as cefuroxime axetil (second-generation) and cefdinir and cefpodoxime proxetil (third-generation), offer a broad spectrum of activity and are approved for use in a convenient once- or twice-daily dosing schedule, thus increasing the likelihood of compliance with the full course of therapy. Cefdinir is a possible second-line alternative to amoxicillin for children with AOM, particularly among children who are likely to be noncompliant with a two- to three-times-daily dosing schedule, and those instances where there is a high likelihood for, or a known infection with an amoxicillin-resistant pathogen.

sefdin syrup

Acute bacterial rhinosinusitis is a common infection resulting in substantial morbidity. Cefdinir, an oral cephalosporin, has extended-spectrum, bactericidal activity against common acute bacterial rhinosinusitis pathogens, including Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae and Moraxella catarrhalis. Cefdinir shows rapid oral absorption and good respiratory tissue penetration, and may be administered once daily. In randomised clinical trials, cefdinir showed efficacy similar to that of other recommended regimens in the treatment of acute bacterial rhinosinusitis, namely amoxicillin/clavulanate and levofloxacin. Cefdinir is well tolerated and has shown a low propensity to suppress the normal commensal flora. Cefdinir oral suspension is rated highly by children in terms of its taste and smell. As the only once-daily beta-lactam currently recommended by acute bacterial rhinosinusitis guidelines (for first-line use in patients with mild acute bacterial rhinosinusitis and no recent antibacterial use), cefdinir offers a convenient and attractive treatment option.

sefdin dry syrup

Clinical trials of cefdinir (CFDN) in pediatric infections were carried out. Results are summarized as follows. 1. Mean half-lives of CFDN in serum in children when administered on an empty stomach were 1.24 hours (3 mg/kg per os) and 1.85 hours (6 mg/kg per os). 2. Mean 8 hour urinary excretion rates of CFDN were 19.0% (3 mg/kg/per os) and 10.5% (6 mg/kg per os). 3. CFDN was administered to 28 children with various infections: 12 patients with tonsillitis, 8 with bronchitis, 2 with pneumonia, 4 with urinary tract infections, 1 staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome and 1 with impetigo. The overall efficacy rate was 89.3%. 4. Diarrhea was noted in 1 patient. Abnormal laboratory test values encountered were eosinophilia in 2 patients, thrombocytosis in 1.

sefdin capsule

The interactions of cefdinir, a new orally-active third-generation cephalosporin, with cell-free beta-lactamase preparations were studied in comparison with some other beta-lactams. Cefdinir was very resistant to narrow-spectrum Ambler's class A beta-lactamases, as it was for other oximino beta-lactams: cefotaxime, ceftazidime, cefixime and cefuroxime. Cefaclor showed a low but significant hydrolysis by these beta-lactamases. These class-A enzymes include the widespread plasmid mediated TEM-1, TEM-2, SHV-1 and also the enzymes of Gram-positive penicillinases, such as that produced by S. aureus. The hydrolysis of cefdinir was hardly detectable by the Ambler's class C beta-lactamases (cephalosporinases) produced by E. coli, E. cloacae and M. morganii. A similar conclusion is shown for cefotaxime, ceftazidime, cefixime and cefuroxime: for these beta-lactamases, the hydrolysis of cefaclor was high. The P. vulgaris cephalosporinase differs from the previous cephalosporinases in that it hydrolyses cefotaxime, cefuroxime and cefaclor efficiently. However, the hydrolysis of cefdinir remains too low to be detected. Cefdinir, as other third-generation cephalosporins, showed some hydrolysis by the novel extended-spectrum beta-lactamases (ESBL): SHV-2, TEM-3, TEM-5, MEN-1 and other ESBL.

sefdin 300 tablet

Medline, Embase, reference lists, and abstract searches were conducted to identify randomized, controlled trials of cephalosporin versus penicillin treatment of GABHS tonsillopharyngitis in children. Trials were included if they met the following criteria: patients <18 years old, bacteriologic confirmation of GABHS tonsillopharyngitis, random assignment to antibiotic therapy of an orally administered cephalosporin or penicillin for 10 days of treatment, and assessment of bacteriologic outcome using a throat culture after therapy. Primary outcomes of interest were bacteriologic and clinical cure rates. Sensitivity analyses were performed to assess the impact of careful clinical illness descriptions, compliance monitoring, GABHS serotyping, exclusion of GABHS carriers, and timing of the test-of-cure visit.

sefdin suspension

Cefdinir, a semi-synthetic third generation cephalosporin antibiotic being considered as an emerging pollutant, demands removal from aquatic ecosystems. A yeast strain isolated from pharmaceutical wastewater which was identified as Ustilago sp. SMN03 by molecular techniques and was found to be capable of utilizing cefdinir as a sole carbon source. The isolate was found to degrade 81 % of cefdinir within 6 days under optimized conditions viz. pH 6.0, temperature 30 °C, a shaking speed of 120 rpm, an inoculum dosage of 4 % (w/v) and an initial cefdinir concentration of 200 mg L(-1). Kinetic studies revealed that cefdinir degradation followed the pseudo-first order model, a rate constant of 0.222 per day and a half-life period of 3.26 days. Using LC-MS analysis, six novel intermediates formed during the cefdinir degradation were identified and characterized. FT-IR analysis showed that the functional groups ranging from 1,766 to 1,519 cm(-1), characteristic for lactam ring were completely removed during the cefdinir degradation. The opening of the β-lactam ring was one of the major steps in the cefdinir degradation process. Based on the results from the present study, a possible pathway of cefdinir degradation by Ustilago sp. SMN03 was proposed. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report on microbial degradation of cefdinir by yeast.

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The post-antibiotic effects (PAEs) of a new cephalosporin, cefdinir, were determined against a range of organisms using a viable counting technique. Cefdinir exerted considerable PAEs against Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus pyogenes, but no overall post-antibiotic inhibition of growth was detected against Escherichia coli or Klebsiella pneumoniae. Exposure to cefdinir made the gram-negative organisms susceptible to the washing procedure used for drug removal, but this was followed by rapid recovery of viability in drug-free broth.

sefdin syrup uses

The Pharmacokinetics and clinical effectiveness of cefdinir (CFDN, FK482) were examined in pediatric patients. The results are summarized as follows. 1. Plasma concentrations and urinary excretions of CFDN after administration of 5% fine granules were investigated on 4 children at a dose level of 6 mg/kg. Average plasma concentrations peaked at 4 hours after administration at 0.99 micrograms/ml with a half-life of 2.12 hours. The first 24-hour urinary recovery rates of CFDN in 3 children averaged 22.0%. 2. CFDN was given to 24 children (11 with pharyngitis, 3 with tonsillitis, 8 with scarlet fever, 1 with urinary tract infection and 1 with enteritis due to Salmonella); 15 were treated with 5% fine granules and 9 with 10% fine granules at daily doses of about 10 mg/kg in 2 to 3 divided portions. Clinical effects were excellent in 16, good in 7 and not evaluable in 1, with an overall efficacy rate of 100%. 3. Identified causative organisms were 12 strains of Streptococcus pyogenes, 4 of Haemophilus influenzae, 5 of Haemophilus parainfluenzae, 1 of Escherichia coli, and 1 of Salmonella. Bacteriological effects were rated as "eradicated" for 19 strains, "unchanged" for 4 with an eradication rate of 82.6%. 4. No side effects were observed. As for abnormal laboratory test results, a transient decrease of white blood cells was observed in 1 patient. 5. The CFDN fine granule preparations were preferably accepted by the children. 6. The fine granular preparations of CFDN, a new oral antibiotic, were useful for the treatment of bacterial infections in pediatrics.

sefdin suspension uses

The synthesis, antibacterial activity and oral absorption of the 7 beta-[(Z)-2-aryl-2-hydroxyiminoacetamido]-3-vinylcephalosporins (Ia--e) are described. All of these compounds exhibited excellent activity against Staphylococcus aureus. Against Gram-negative bacteria FK482 exhibited more excellent activity than the other compounds (Ia--e). These compounds except Ie showed good oral absorption. The relationship between the oral absorption rates and the lipophilicity of these cephalosporins is discussed.

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sefdin dry syrup 2016-01-15

Crusted, eroded and intact, erythematous papules and nodules acutely presented localized to the mandibular branch of the left trigeminal nerve on the face of a 66-year-old man; he did not recall a prior episode of varicella-zoster virus infection in that area. A bacterial culture isolated methicillin-susceptible S. aureus. Viral cultures and direct fluorescent absorption studies were negative for herpes simplex and herpes zoster virus. All of the lesions resolved after oral treatment with cefdinir. Impetigo and/or furunculosis in a zosteriform distribution have also been described in 3 additional patients. The bacterial culture showed either methicillin-susceptible or methicillin-resistant S. aureus; the skin infection resolved after treatment with oral antibiotics; however one Clinwas En Gel man experienced 2 recurrences in the same area.

sefdin tablet 2016-12-04

Eight newer orally administered cephems (cefdinir Para Q Sirve Clindamicina Gel , cefetamet, cefixime, cefpodoxime, cefprozil, ceftibuten, cefuroxime, and loracarbef) were tested against 100 clinical strains of Morganella morganii to determine the extent of serious interpretive very major (false-susceptible) errors when current criteria for the disk diffusion test are applied. Agar dilution MICs and disk diffusion tests were performed as recommended by the National Committee for Clinical Laboratory Standards (Villanova, Pa.) (NCCLS), and the methods were compared by regression analysis using the method of least squares and by error rate bounding. The following results are listed in the order of increasing error rates: cefdinir, loracarbef, and cefprozil, < or = 1% very major error; ceftibuten, 8% minor errors; cefuroxime, 21% minor errors; cefixime, cefpodoxime, and cefetamet, very major errors of 15, 24, and 36%, respectively. M. morganii produces unacceptable rates of test error with cefuroxime, cefixime, cefpodoxime, and cefetamet. The latter two cephalosporins currently have NCCLS table footnote warnings covering the problem observed with this organism. The inclusion of cefuroxime and cefixime in the NCCLS table footnote is strongly recommended.

sefdin syrup uses 2017-08-24

Severe acute malnutrition contributes to 1 million deaths among children annually. Adding routine antibiotic agents to nutritional therapy may increase recovery rates and Oroken 800 Mg decrease mortality among children with severe acute malnutrition treated in the community.

sefdin drug 2017-12-03

Congenital deformities of the labyrinth of the inner ear can be associated with meningitis and varying degrees of hearing Para Que Sirve Clendix 300 Mg loss or deafness. A recurrence of meningitis is due to the development of a fistulous communication between the subarachnoid space and the middle ear cavity, and can prove lethal. An illustrative case of a 4-year-old Japanese girl with bilateral severe hearing loss, recurrent meningitis and malformations of the inner ear and stapes footplate is presented. Removal of the stapes during tympanotomy provoked a gush of cerebrospinal fluid. The defect was repaired successfully, and there has been no further episodes of meningitis to date.

sefdin suspension 2016-02-01

The antimicrobial spectrum and in vitro potency of the most frequently prescribed orally administered cephalosporins (cefaclor, cefdinir, cefpodoxime, cefprozil, cefuroxime axetil, cephalexin) and amoxicillin/clavulanate are reviewed. These beta-lactam agents have been widely used in the outpatient arena for the treatment of community-acquired respiratory tract and other mild-to-moderate infections. The data presented here were obtained from critical review articles on each Azithromycin Pediatric Dosing Chart of these compounds. Cephalexin and cefaclor were among the least potent and had the narrowest antimicrobial spectrums against the pathogens evaluated. In contrast, cefdinir, cefpodoxime, cefprozil, and cefuroxime were highly active against penicillin-susceptible Streptococcus pneumoniae and retained some activity against penicillin-intermediate strains, whereas amoxicillin/clavulanate was the most active against S. pneumoniae, including most penicillin nonsusceptible strains. Amoxicillin/clavulanate and cefdinir were the most potent compounds against methicillin (oxacillin)-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus, whereas cefpodoxime was the most potent compound against Haemophilus influenzae. Amoxicillin/clavulanate, cefdinir, and cefpodoxime were also active against Moraxella catarrhalis, including beta-lactamase-producing strains. In summary, orally administered "3rd-generation" or extended spectrum cephalosporins exhibited more balanced spectrums of activity against the principal bacterial pathogens responsible for outpatient respiratory tract and other infections when compared with other widely used oral cephalosporins of earlier generations or amoxicillin alone.

tab sefdin 300 2017-11-23

Azithromycin is an azalide with potent activity against Haemophilus influenzae including ampicillin-resistant strains. We evaluated the efficacy of azithromycin, clarithromycin and three beta -lactams when used for 1 day only and for 3 days for the treatment of a murine model of bronchopneumonia, using three strains of H. influenzae, two of which were ampicillin resistant. MICs of azithromycin (1-2 mg/L) and clarithromycin (4-8 mg/L) were similar for the three strains. The MICs of cefdinir and cefcapene for beta-lactamase-negative ampicillin-resistant (BLNAR) H. influenzae were 32 times higher than those for beta-lactamase-positive ampicillin-resistant and ampicillin-susceptible strains. Supreme Court Of Ohio Bar Admissions Online Services The viable counts in the infected tissues of azithromycin-treated mice with bronchopneumonia caused by the susceptible strain TUM8, beta-lactamase-positive strain TUH36 and BLNAR strain TUH267 were less than the counts obtained with the other antibiotics used, irrespective of MIC. At a dose of 50 mg/kg, the area under the concentration curve and the half-life of azithromycin in the lungs were respectively three times higher and six times longer than those of clarithromycin. Our results indicate that azithromycin may be useful for both ampicillin-susceptible and ampicillin-resistant bronchopneumonial infections caused by H. influenzae.

sefdin medicine 2016-08-21

The population of macrolide-resistant S. Levocin 500 Mg Price pyogenes isolates in the United States is small, but it includes several large clones with potential for expansion.

sefdin suspension uses 2016-06-17

The synthesis of 7 beta-[(Z)-2-(aminothiazol-4-yl)-2-hydroxyiminoacetamido] cephalosporins (Ia-i) modified at the C-3 position of a cephem nucleus and the effect of the C-3 substituents Clariwin Medicine on the antibacterial activity and oral absorbability are discussed. The cephems (Ie, h and i) having a C-3 substituent such as 1-propenyl, ethylthio and vinylthio group as well as FK482 (cefdinir) exhibited excellent antibacterial activities against both gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria. However, those compounds showed poor absorption rate after oral administration in rats. It is concluded that the vinyl moiety at the 3-position is necessary to display fairly oral absorptivity in a series of 7 beta-[(Z)-(2-aminothiazol-4-yl)-2-hydroxyiminoacetamido]c eph ems.

sefdin capsule 2017-09-26

We performed pharmacokinetic, bacteriological and clinical studies on cefdinir granules (CFDN, FK482), and obtained the results Sulfamethoxazole Normal Dosage summarized below. 1. Serum levels of CFDN when granular form was given in a single dose of 6 mg/kg before meal peaked at 0.81 micrograms/ml 6 hours after dosing. The serum half-life of the drug was 2.45 hours. 2. CFDN was administered to 18 patients with bacterial infections which consisted mainly of respiratory tract infections in doses of 1.3-7.4 mg/kg three times daily for 3-9 days. Clinical efficacies were "excellent" in 10 patients, "good" in 7, and "poor" in one, with an overall efficacy rate of 94.4%. 3. As for bacteriological effects on 20 strains of causative organisms, all the 10 strains of Gram-positive organisms were eradicated, with an eradication rate of 100%. Meanwhile, the eradication rate on 10 strains of Gram-negative organisms was 87.5%. Overall, bacteriological effect was "eradicated" in 17 strains, "decreased" in one, and "unknown" in 2, with an eradication rate of 94.4%. 4. No side effects nor abnormal laboratory test values were noted in any of the patients. We have concluded that cefdinir is useful in the treatment of infection in the pediatric field.

sefdin suspension side effect 2017-11-22

We have previously reported that the Neisseria gonorrhoeae isolates from clinical failure cases treated with cefdinir and aztreonam, beta-lactams exhibited high MICs. These resistant isolates were clearly separated from the isolates exhibiting a low level of resistance to beta-lactams as shown by the MIC distribution of cefozopran. Restriction fragment length polymorphism DNA typing revealed that the outbreak of cefozopran-resistant isolates in Kitakyushu, Japan, occurred as a result of clonal spread.

sefdin 300 mg side effects 2015-01-30

Of 1045 patients, 589 were evaluable for efficacy. At baseline, most patients had moderate or severe cough and sputum production as well as rhonchi, wheezing, and dyspnea. The microbiologic eradication rates by pathogen were 90% with once-daily cefdinir, 85% with twice-daily cefdinir, and 88% with twice-daily cefuroxime. The corresponding values for microbiologic eradication rate by patient were 90% (once-daily cefdinir), 85% (twice-daily cefdinir), and 86% (twice-daily cefuroxime). The respective clinical response rates by patient were 81%, 74%, and 80%. There were no significant differences in the incidence of drug-related adverse events or discontinuations due to adverse events. Diarrhea was the most frequent complaint.