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Soltrim (Bactrim)
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Soltrim

Soltrim (generic name: Co-trimoxazole; brand names include: Septra / Ciplin / Septrin) is a combination of two antibiotics (trimethoprim and sulfamethoxazole) used to treat a wide variety of bacterial infections.

Other names for this medication:
Bactiver, Bactrim, Bactron, Bactropin, Baktar, Balkatrin, Biotrim, Biseptol, Ciplin, Cotrim, Cozole, Deprim, Ditrim, Ectaprim, Eusaprim, Gantrisin, Globaxol, Kemoprim, Lagatrim, Primadex, Purbac, Resprim, Sanprima, Sepmax, Septra, Septran, Septrin, Sulfa, Sulfamethoxazole, Sulfametoxazol, Sulfatrim, Sumetrolim, Supreme, Sutrim, Tagremin, Trifen, Trimoks, Trimol, Trisul, Vanadyl

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Also known as:  Bactrim.

Description

Soltrim is effective in a variety of upper and lower respiratory tract infections, renal and urinary tract infections, gastrointestinal tract infections, skin and wound infections, septicaemias and other infections caused by sensitive organisms.

Each Soltrim tablet contains 80 mg trimethoprim and 400 mg sulfamethoxazole.

Each Soltrim DS (double strength) tablet contains 160 mg trimethoprim and 800 mg sulfamethoxazole.

Dosage

Prescribing Soltrim (sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim) tablets in the absence of a proven or strongly suspected bacterial infection or a prophylactic indication is unlikely to provide benefit to the patient and increases the risk of the development of drug-resistant bacteria.

Soltrim should be given with caution to patients with impaired renal or hepatic function, to those with possible folate deficiency (e.g., the elderly, chronic alcoholics, patients receiving anticonvulsant therapy, patients with malabsorption syndrome, and patients in malnutrition states) and to those with severe allergies or bronchial asthma.

Hematological changes indicative of folic acid deficiency may occur in elderly patients or in patients with preexisting folic acid deficiency or kidney failure. These effects are reversible by folinic acid therapy.

Overdose

Often, no treatment is needed for an antibiotic overdose. Usually, you'll need to watch for stomach upset and possibly diarrhea. In those cases, you should give extra fluids.

Storage

Store at room temperature between 20 to 25 degrees C (68 to 77 degrees F) away from moisture, light and heat. Throw away any unused medicine after the expiration date. Keep out of the reach of children.

Side effects

The most common side effects associated with Soltrim are:

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Side effect occurrence does not only depend on medication you are taking, but also on your overall health and other factors.

Contraindications

Soltrim is contraindicated in patients with a known hypersensitivity to trimethoprim or sulfonamides, in patients with a history of drug-induced immune thrombocytopenia with use of trimethoprim and/or sulfonamides, and in patients with documented megaloblastic anemia due to folate deficiency.

Soltrim is contraindicated in pediatric patients less than 2 months of age. Soltrim is also contraindicated in patients with marked hepatic damage or with severe renal insufficiency when renal function status cannot be monitored.

soltrim 8 mg

We report a low rate of adverse antibiotic related events in patients treated with percutaneous nephrolithotomy who received extended perioperative antibiotic therapy. Exposure to trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole was the only identifiable risk factor for a complication. These findings should be considered when counseling patients on the risks of perioperative antimicrobial therapy at percutaneous nephrolithotomy.

para que sirve soltrim suspension 100 ml

We report a now three year old male patient with ectodermal dysplasia and a polysaccharide specific humoral immunodeficiency. Immunological investigations showed compromised production of IgA, IgM, and IgG2. Isohaemagglutinins still were not detectable at the age of three years. Repeated vaccination with polyvalent pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine did not result in production of specific antibodies. Two brothers showed clinical signs of ectodermal dysplasia. The elder brother died from pneumococcal sepsis at the age of 3 years. The younger brother suffers from chronic inflammatory gastrointestinal disease with ulcerations in all parts of the gastrointestinal system. Thus, a possible association between polysaccharide specific humoral immunodeficiency and ectodermal dysplasia may be considered.

soltrim suspension dosis infantil

The new fluorinated quinolones norfloxacin, ciprofloxacin and pefloxacin were evaluated in urinary infections. Bacteriological cure rates in both uncomplicated and complicated urinary tract infections ranged from 85% to 99%. Clinical cure rates were often lower due to the underlying conditions in the urinary tract. Patients with neurological bladder disease were cured in a relatively high percentage of their Pseudomonas infection after three months treatment with norfloxacin. Pharmacokinetics of ciprofloxacin in prostatic tissue and fluid will probably offer an advance in the treatment of chronic urinary infections due to an infectious prostatic focus. Definitely drug related side effects (of gastro-intestinal, neurological or allergic nature) were mild in most cases. The new 4-quinolones should be followed with interest concerning their activity in urological infections in general as well as specifically. The minor influence on the natural human flora and the possibility to decrease plasmid-mediated resistance are of major importance.

soltrim suspension para q sirve

The blood examinations revealed high inflammation parameters and ruled out any immunodeficiency. Smouldering infiltrates in the upper lobes were found on the chest radiography. Sputum was free of acid fast bacilli and no mycobacterial DNA was detected by polymerase chain reaction. Bronchoscopy showed a normal endobronchal situation, Burkholderia pseudomallei were found to grow from specimens of bronchial mucus.

soltrim suspension dosis adultos

To describe and report a case of multidrug-resistant Ewingella americana associated with exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).

soltrim 800 mg

One hundred and fifty-seven (77.7%) of the isolates were confirmed as ESBL-producers. By univariate analysis, young age, stay in intensive care unit (ICU)/medical wards, recent stay in ICU, and number of days of ICU stay were found to be risk factors for acquisition of resistant bacteria (chi(2) and Mann-Whitney U tests, P < 0.05). However, binary logistic multivariate regression analysis confirmed that stay in ICU [Odds ratio (OR) 6.09, 95% confidence interval (CI) 2.36-15.72; P < 0.001] or medical wards [OR 3.72, 95% CI 1.42-9.75; P = 0.007] were significantly associated with ESBL production. Imipenem, ofloxacin, cefoxitin and norfloxacin (against urinary isolates) were found to be highly active against ESBL-producing isolates in vitro (100%, 75.2%, 69.4% and 66.7% susceptibility, respectively). In addition to most beta-lactams, they showed co-resistance with other antibiotics such as ciprofloxacin, aminoglycosides, trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole and tetracycline.

soltrim tabletas 400 mg

The first reported case of Whipple's disease in a female who was HLA-B27 positive and had asymptomatic sacroiliitis is discussed. She presented great difficulty in diagnosis as she had multi-system involvement without diarrhea. This case supports the hypothesis that Whipple's disease is a disorder related to HLA-B27.

soltrim dosis suspension

Pneumocystis jiroveci (formerly Pneumocystis carinii) pneumonia (PCP) is a major cause of mortality in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected infants in Africa, but the prevalence of mutations in the gene encoding dihydropteroate synthase (DHPS) in isolates from Africa has not been reported.

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The target gene was identified among genes encoding a unique trifunctional enzyme in which DHPS is combined with the 2 preceding enzymes of the folate biosynthesis pathway. Changes in the amino acid sequence of putative DHPS were detected in the case patient. Gene complementation showed that the gene encoding putative DHPS restored the folate biosynthesis pathway and susceptibility to sulfamethoxazole, whereas the mutated sequence was associated with sulfamethoxazole resistance.

para que sirve el soltrim suspension de 100 ml

Chloramphenicol-resistant Salmonella typhi was detected in Saigon in September 1971. Subsequently, 163 strains of S typhi were isolated, 46 percent of which were resistant to choramphenicol by the agar-disk method. Sixty-two strains were studied by the broth-dilution method; 37 percent had minimal inhibitory concentrations for chloramphenicol greater than 250mug/ml, but all strains were susceptible to 0.4mug/ml of ampicillin and to a disk of a combination of trimethoprim and sulfamethoxazole (Bactrim). Persons infected with chloramphenicol-resistant strains of S typhi responded poorly to chloramphenicol alone, but ampicillin or the combination drug was effective.

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Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) and nonrandomised studies (NRSs) that examined the effectiveness of the three interventions were included.

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A total of 120 isolates of Klebsiella spp. and Proteus spp. collected from horses and small animals (dogs and cats) were screened for their susceptibility to 24 different antimicrobial agents. Klebsiella spp. were included from infections of the genital tract (GT) of horses (36 isolates) and the urinary/genital tract (UGT) from dogs and cats (17 isolates), while Proteus spp. were from small animal (dogs and cats) infections of the UGT (37 strains) and the skin (incl. ear/mouth) (30 isolates). In Klebsiella spp. resistance appeared most frequently to ampicillin (53-67%), sulfamethoxazole (19-29%) and potentiated sulfonamides (trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole 1/19 combination) (19-24%). A further 29% of enrofloxacin resistant Klebsiella isolates were observed for the UGT of small animals. From the GT of horses for this antimicrobial agent there was no isolate detected with a comparably high minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) value. In Proteus spp. highest percentages of resistance occurred against tetracycline (90-92%). Due to drug efflux proteins, high MIC values against this antimicrobial agent have been frequently reported in literature. In Proteus spp. relevant resistance percentages also occurred for potentiated sulfonamides (27-37%), sulfamethoxazole (24-37%) and chloramphenicol (24-37%).

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soltrim suspension dosis adultos 2015-08-30

Patients with malignant disease may be predisposed to bacterial infections because of neoplastic disruption of normal tissue barriers, exogenous immunosuppressive therapy (drugs with or without radiation), and intrinsic host immune deficits secondary to these diseases. Diminished polymorphonuclear leucocyte numbers or function and impaired humoral immunity are highly correlated with the development of serious bacterial infections. The usual signs and symptoms of infection may be absent or altered in a compromised host. Therapy must be instituted promptly upon clinical suspicion of bacterial infection, and empirical choices should usually include combinations that are synergistic for likely pathogens based on knowledge of the local predominant flora and susceptibility data. Synergism has most often been demonstrated in combinations that utilise a beta-lactam (semisynthetic penicillin or cephalosporin) and an aminoglycoside. Triple drug therapy has not been shown to be advantageous. Monotherapy with third generation cephalosporins, carbapenems, monobactams, or ureidopenicillins has not been proven to offer advantages over 2-drug regimens for these patients. Granulocytopenic patients who respond to 2-drug therapy but remain neutropenic may need continued treatment until the neutropenia subsides. Those who do not respond and remain febrile with an unclear focus may need to be started on antifungal therapy in addition to the antibacterial agent. The use of oral agents for the prophylaxis of neutropenic patients against bacteraemia remains controversial. If drugs are used, co- Moxacil Tab trimoxazole and nystatin suspension may be preferable.

soltrim suspension oral 2017-03-26

The synergism of the compounds Nd-(4-methoxy-1,2,5-thiadiazol-3-yl)-sulfanilamide (sulfametrole; SOL) and 2,4-diamino-5-(3',4',5'-trimethoxy-benzyl)-pyrimidine (trimethoprim; TMP) contained in the preparation Lidaprim was proved in vitro in the agar dilution test, the disc agar diffusion method as well as a crossover test against various grampositive and gramnegative bacteria. Sulfametrole enhanced the activity of trimethoprim or its activity was intensified by trimethoprim, respectively. The increase in efficiency depends on the primary sensitivity or resistance of the bacteria against trimethoprim and/or the sulfonamide. The combination of trimethoprim + sulfametrole (1 + 20) had the same antibacterial activity as the combination co-trimoxazole = trimethoprim + Nd-(5-methyl-3-isoxazolyl)-sulfanilamide (sulfamethoxazole; SMZ). The bactericidal efficiency was shown against a strain of E. coli. Using the combination experimental development of resistance against various bacteria could not be obtained (10 times repeated contact with subbacteriostatic concentrations). Chemotherapeutical experiments in the mouse have confirmed the enhancement indicated in vitro of the combination trimethoprim- Roxitromicina Antibiotic sulfonamide, irrespective of the sulfonamides chosen. Determinations of the intestinal flora before, during and after oral administration of 2 X 2 tablets SOL-TMP (Lidaprim) over a period of 10 days showed that the absolute number of bacteria in samples of faeces had not been reduced. Enterobacteria and anaerobic lactobacilli (L. bifidus), which could not be identified during the period of administration, reappeared after the end of therapy.

para que es soltrim suspension 2017-09-30

Three hundred sixty-two Streptococcus pneumoniae strains were isolated from children under 5 years of age at Dhaka Shishu (Children) Hospital from 1993 to 1997. The strains were isolated from blood (n = 105), CSF (n = 164), ear swab (n = 61), eye swab (n = 20), and pus (n = 12). Of the 362 isolates, 42 (11.6%) showed intermediate resistance (MIC, <0.1 microgram/ml) and only 4 (1.1%) showed complete resistance (MIC, >2.0 microgram/ml) to penicillin. Penicillin resistance exhibited a Cefalexin 500 Mg Dosage strong relationship with serotype 14; 47.8% of the penicillin-resistant strains belonged to this type. A remarkably high (64.1%) resistance to co-trimoxazole was observed, along with a significant increase during the time period studied; there was no relationship to capsular type. By way of contrast, penicillin resistance did not show any significant change during the study period. Resistance to chloramphenicol (2.2%) and erythromycin (1.1%) was rare. The high resistance to co-trimoxazole and its increasing trend demand elucidation of the clinical impact of pneumonia treatment by this antimicrobial and reconsideration of the World Health Organization recommendation for co-trimoxazole administration to children with community-acquired pneumonia at the health care worker level in Bangladesh.

soltrim 160 mg 2015-11-11

On blinded clinical trial endpoint review of all reported pneumonia episodes (n = 281), only 47% were classified as acute. One hundred thirty-one episodes of acute pneumonia were reported in 93 children (47 in 31 IVIG and 84 in 62 placebo patients, P < 0.01). The incidence of acute pneumonia was 24 episodes per 100 patient years. Findings associated with an acute bacterial process were uncommon (leukocytosis > or =15000/mm3 in 21% and fever > or =103 degrees F in 32% of episodes). Multiple acute episodes occurred in 34% of the children and were associated with increased risk of mortality in a univariate analysis (risk ratio, 2.1; 95% confidence interval, 1.3 to 3.4, P = 0.002), but in a multivariate model only baseline HIV RNA copy number and CD4+ percentage remained independently Omnicef Baby Ear Infection associated with mortality (relative risk, 2.0 and 1.4, respectively, P < 0.001).

para que sirve soltrim suspension 100 ml 2016-03-16

After control measures were initiated to stop an outbreak of shigellosis in an institution for the developmentally disabled, there was a sharp decline in the number of cases of Shigella Norflohexal 400 Mg sonnei infection. Among ill residents, those treated with antibiotics had shorter mean duration of diarrhea (2.4 vs. 4.5 days, P < .01) and were less likely to have stool cultures positive for shigellae 2-4 weeks after onset of diarrhea (0/25 vs. 5/19; relative risk [RR] = undefined; P = .02). The attack rate was higher in villages where segregation of ill residents was not practiced (46/73 vs. 53/155; RR = 1.8; 95% confidence limits [CL], 1.4, 2.4). In individual housing units where ill residents were not segregated (preintervention), a correlation was found between mean duration of diarrhea and unit attack rates (r = .88; 95% CL, 0.29, 0.99). A study of all 305 residents 10 weeks after the intervention began revealed no positive stool cultures.

soltrim suspension 200 mg 2017-12-27

Changes in the distribution of sulphamethoxazole and trimethoprim in whole blood, plasma and erythrocytes at steady-state in patients treated with cotrimoxazole have been studied. Unlike sulphamethoxazole, trimethoprim was weakly bound to erythrocytes and was partially liberated when the erythrocytes were rinsed with isotonic saline. The maximal steady-state concentration of trimethoprim in whole blood was 3 mg/l, but calculated on the basis of the concentration determined in erythrocytes it was 1.8 Amoxicilina 1000 Mg Pret mg/l. Erythrocytes may be of great significance in trimethoprim distribution as carriers of a readily liberated reservoir of the drug. Acetylated sulphamethoxazole derivatives occurred in a higher percentage in erythrocytes at the maximal steady-state concentration (9.9%) than at the level (7.3%), which may help in interpreting the behaviour of this metabolite in other cells in the organism.

soltrim medication 2017-05-31

There is currently no evidence to recommend PJP prophylaxis in the non-HIV/AIDS immunocompromised population. If physicians Septra Ds Dosage Pediatric do decide to use prophylaxis, they should always weigh the benefits with the potential risks. Further studies are needed to better quantify the risks of PJP with immunosuppressive medications.

soltrim suspension para q sirve 2017-01-20

Nocardiosis is an opportunistic infection especially in patients with underlying chronic debilitating disease or immunodeficiency. Nocardia peritonitis is an uncommon infection in peritoneal dialysis patients. Here, we report a case of peritonitis by Nocardia asteroides during automated peritoneal dialysis in a 35-year-old male patient who had prolonged immunosuppressive therapy to treat acute rejection of a nonfunctioning kidney allograft. The patient presented at our outpatient clinic with typical symptoms of acute peritonitis. The peritoneal fluid leukocyte count was 20,500 cells/microL, with 90% neutrophils. Gram staining showed gram-positive filamentous bacilli later identified as N. asteroides. Azimac Tab After bacterial identification, the patient received trimethoprim 320 mg and sulfamethoxazole 3200 mg intravenously every 48 hours (TMP-SMX), plus amikacin 100 mg intraperitoneally daily. The immunosuppressive therapy was reduced. Peritoneal fluid cultures became negative after 1 week of treatment, concomitant with clinical improvement. Unfortunately, after 5 weeks of therapy, the patient developed hematologic side effects attributable to the TMP-SMX treatment. The TMP-SMX was suspended at that time, and the patient then received cefuroxime 500 mg by mouth and amikacin 100 mg intraperitoneally daily for a total of 12 weeks. The patient recovered completely and was discharged 3 months after onset of the peritonitis. Prolonged antibiotic therapy without catheter removal has not been previously described in immunosuppressed patients with APD peritonitis. The combination of amikacin and TMP-SMX may be safe and effective in APD patients who develop N. asteroides peritonitis.

soltrim suspension dosis infantil 2016-11-13

The combination of all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) and primaquine (PMQ) has been shown to be effective for therapy of Pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP). Since a high concentration of ATRA has significant adverse effects, the possibility that vitamin D can be used to replace ATRA for PCP therapy was investigated. C57BL/6 mice were immunosuppressed by depleting CD4(+) cells and infected with Pneumocystis murina 1 week after initiation of immunosuppression. Three weeks after infection, the mice were treated orally for 3 weeks with vitamin D3 (VitD3) alone, PMQ alone, a combination of VitD3 and PMQ (VitD3-PMQ), or a combination of trimethoprim and sulfamethoxazole (TMP-SMX). Results showed that VitD3 (300 IU/kg/day) had a synergistic effect with PMQ (5 mg/kg/day) for therapy of PCP. Flow cytometric Generic Suprax Cefixime Tablet studies showed that this VitD3-PMQ combination recovered the CD11b(low) CD11c(high) alveolar macrophage population in mice with PCP as effectively as TMP-SMX. The VitD3-PMQ combination also reduced the massive infiltration of inflammatory cells into the lungs and the severity of lung damage. VitD3 was also shown to reduce the dose of TMP-SMX required for effective treatment of PCP. Taken together, results of this study suggest that a VitD3-PMQ combination can be used as an alternative therapy for PCP.

para que sirve el soltrim suspension 2015-10-21

To evaluate the clinical characteristics and response to antiretroviral therapy of HIV elderly patients.

para que sirve soltrim suspension 2016-11-06

Many drugs have been reported to cause drug-dependent thrombocytopenia, either by the immune complex or by hapten mechanisms. Testing for the presence of these platelet antibodies has not been considered feasible for transfusion services because their presence was thought to be rare, and their detection involved complex and costly methods. We have developed a new technique for detection of these antibodies that can be performed without the need for specialized and expensive instrumentation. A solid-phase red cell adherence assay was used to detect drug-dependent platelet antibodies active by either the immune complex or the hapten mechanism. Three cases were evaluated for the presence of drug-dependent platelet antibodies. Two patients presented with thrombocytopenia that could not be attributed to other causes. The third case was evaluated for the presence of drug-dependent antibodies after poor responses to platelet transfusions. In these three cases, discontinuation of the implicated drugs, i.e., porcine heparin, quinine sulfate, amoxicillin, Bactrim, and albuterol, was followed by a correction of thrombocytopenia or improved platelet transfusion response within 72 hours. This test methodology and protocol has proven very useful in avoiding transfusions with little likelihood of benefit, and in identifying drugs interfering with platelet recovery or survival. Further investigations with this technique may expand our knowledge of the capability of this technique and of the observed frequency of drug-related immunologic platelet destruction.