Retrospective, noncomparative, interventional case series.
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Two consecutive, open, prospective trials of intermittent azithromycin (600 mg), usually given Monday, Wednesday, and Friday (TIW) for Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) lung disease were initiated in human immunodeficiency virus-negative patients. Regimen A consisted of TIW azithromycin and daily ethambutol (15 mg/kg/day), daily rifabutin (300 mg/day), and initial twice weekly (BIW) streptomycin. Regimen B consisted of TIW azithromycin, TIW ethambutol (25 mg/kg/dose), TIW rifabutin (600 mg/dose), and initial BIW streptomycin. Of 19 patients enrolled in regimen A who completed at least 6 months of therapy, 14 (74%) had sputum samples become culture-negative. Of 39 patients enrolled in regimen B who completed at least 6 months of therapy, 24 (62%) had sputum conversion. These sputum conversion rates are comparable to previous rates at 6 months in patients receiving daily clarithromycin- or azithromycin-containing regimens. No resistance to azithromycin emerged with either regimen. This is the first study to demonstrate the efficacy of intermittent administration of medication for MAC lung disease.
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All medicines produced a significant reduction in hardness in G1 after 12 days (P<0.05). The three medicines promoted greater roughness after both pH-regimens - G1 and G2 (P<0.01), except for Claritin in G1. Scanning electron microscopy analysis showed erosive patterns in all subgroups. Dimetapp(®) showed the most erosion and Klaricid(®) the least, in both groups.
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In the tailored regimen group, the overall eradication rate was 96.7% (95% CI: 92.5-98.9%, 148/153) in the intention-to-treat (ITT) analysis and 97.4% (93.4-99.3%, 148/152) in the PP analysis. The eradication rates for the CAM- and metronidazole-based treatments were similar (95.5% and 98.4%, respectively, p = .400). The tailored treatment achieved a high eradication rate in CYP2C19 rapid metabolizers who were a resistance genotype for PPI treatment (94.3% (86.0-98.4%, 66/70)).
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To describe the clinical manifestations and treatment of patients who acquired localized Mycobacterium abscessus infection in the process of acupuncture.
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We recommend at least 3 months of treatment with clarithromycin for treating skin infections caused by M. abscessus, with supplementary antibiotics selected based on patients' drug sensitivity tests.
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multiple logistic regression and "intention-to-treat" analysis.
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One hundred forty-two consecutive outpatients treated at four primary care centers for acute maxillary sinusitis were randomly assigned to receive oral clarithromycin (500 mg twice daily) or oral amoxicillin (500 mg three times daily) for 7 to 14 days. Clinical and roentgenographic responses to the antibiotic therapy were determined within 48 hours after the last dose and 6 weeks later.
Twenty-five cases of SCAP due to L. pneumophila were included, and 7 patients (28%) out of 25 died after a median of 7 days of mechanical ventilation. Fifteen patients (60%) presented shock. Levofloxacin and clarithromycin were the antibiotics most commonly used in monotherapy, while the most frequent combination was rifampicin plus clarithromycin. Patients subjected to combination therapy presented a lower mortality rate versus patients subjected to monotherapy (odds ratio for death [OR] 0.15; 95%CI 0.02-1.04; p=0.08). In patients with shock, this association was stronger and proved statistically significant (OR for death 0.06; 95%CI 0.004-0.86; p=0.04).
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The proportions of clarithromycin-resistant H. pylori strains have increased significantly over the last 5-years. There is an increasing tendency for the emergence of strains with multi-drug resistance. The increase in clarithromycin-resistant strains results in a decrease in eradication rate for H. pylori. In areas with high clarithromycin resistance, new alternative first-line treatment combination should be considered.
Well-controlled trials with ranitidine bismuth citrate plus clarithromycin suggest that this combination may provide the most consistent and effective regimen for the eradication of H. pylori infection.
Forty-five patients who developed reflux oesophagitis after successful H. pylori eradication therapy were followed up prospectively. All 45 patients were followed up by endoscopy more than 3 years after onset of reflux oesophagitis (3-year follow-up group) and nine were followed up more than 5 years after onset (5-year follow-up group). Endoscopic observations were performed yearly or when upper gastrointestinal symptoms recurred. Reflux oesophagitis was graded according to the Los Angeles Classification System. Presence of gastro-oesophageal reflux symptoms and medication of proton pump inhibitors, H2-blockers or prokinetics were investigated at final endoscopy.