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Truxa (Levaquin)
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Truxa

Truxa is used to treat bacterial infections in many different parts of the body. It is also used to prevent an anthrax infection after a person has been exposed to anthrax. This medicine is also used to treat and prevent plague (including pneumonic and septicemic plague).

Other names for this medication:
Cravit, Cravox, Elequine, Farlev, Glevo, Leflox, Lefloxin, Levaquin, Levobact, Levocin, Levoday, Levoflox, Levofloxacin, Levofloxacina, Levofloxacino, Levomac, Levomax, Levox, Levoxa, Levoxacin, Levoxin, Levozine, Loxin, Loxof, Novacilina, Oftaquix, Ovelquin, Proxime, Recamicina, Tamiram, Tavanic, Ultraquin, Uniflox, Voxin

Similar Products:
Doxycycline, Monodox, Microdox, Periostat

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Also known as:  Levaquin.

Description

To reduce the development of drug-resistant bacteria and maintain the effectiveness of Truxa and other antibacterial drugs, Truxa should be used only to treat or prevent infections that are proven or strongly suspected to be caused by susceptible bacteria. When culture and susceptibility information are available, they should be considered in selecting or modifying antibacterial therapy. In the absence of such data, local epidemiology and susceptibility patterns may contribute to the empiric selection of therapy.

Truxa Tablets/Injection and Oral Solution are indicated for the treatment of adults (≥18 years of age) with mild, moderate, and severe infections caused by susceptible strains of the designated microorganisms in the conditions listed in this section. Truxa Injection is indicated when intravenous administration offers a route of administration advantageous to the patient (e.g., patient cannot tolerate an oral dosage form).

Dosage

Rapid or bolus intravenous infusion of Truxa has been associated with hypotension and must be avoided. Truxa Injection should be infused intravenously slowly over a period of not less than 60 or 90 minutes, depending on the dosage. Truxa Injection should be administered only by intravenous infusion. It is not for intramuscular, intrathecal, intraperitoneal, or subcutaneous administration.

Overdose

Overdose of the drug should be strictly avoided and if anyone has accidentally taken the overdose of the drug, then the victim should be provided with emergency medical help. Overdose victim can also consult to their local poison helpline. Some of the overdose symptoms include loss of coordination, drooping eyelids, weakness, decreased activity, trouble breathing, sweating, tremors, or seizure.

Storage

Store at room temperature between 15 and 30 degrees C (59 and 86 degrees F) away from moisture and heat. Keep in a tightly closed container. Throw away any unused medicine after the expiration date. Keep out of the reach of children.

Side effects

The most common side effects associated with Truxa are:

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Side effect occurrence does not only depend on medication you are taking, but also on your overall health and other factors.

Contraindications

Risk of tendinitis and tendon rupture is increased. This risk is further increased in older patients usually over 60 years of age, in patients taking corticosteroids, and in patients with kidney, heart and lung transplants. Discontinue if pain or inflammation in a tendon occurs.

Anaphylactic reactions and allergic skin reactions, serious, occasionally fatal, may occur after first dose.

Hematologic (including agranulocytosis, thrombocytopenia), and renal toxicities may occur after multiple doses.

Hepatotoxicity: Severe, and sometimes fatal, hepatoxicity has been reported. Discontinue immediately if signs and symptoms of hepatitis occur.

Central nervous system effects, including convulsions, anxiety, confusion, depression, and insomnia may occur after the first dose. Use with caution in patients with known or suspected disorders that may predispose them to seizures or lower the seizure threshold.

Clostridium difficile-associated colitis: evaluate if diarrhea occurs.

Peripheral neuropathy: discontinue if symptoms occur in order to prevent irreversibility.

Prolongation of the QT interval and isolated cases of torsade de pointes have been reported. Avoid use in patients with known prolongation, those with hypokalemia, and with other drugs that prolong the QT interval.

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This study was to investigate the antibiotic resistance profile of H. pylori and the distribution of CYP2C19 gene polymorphism in rural population of Chongqing, China. 214 and 111 strains of H. pylori were isolated from rural and urban patients, respectively. 99.53%, 20.09%, and 23.36% of the isolates in rural patients were found to be resistant to metronidazole, clarithromycin, and levofloxacin, while the resistant rate in urban patients was 82.88%, 19.82%, and 24.32%. The multiple antibiotic resistance percentage significantly increased from 28.26% (below 45 years) to 41.80% (above 45 years) in rural patients. Up to 44.39%, 45.79%, and 9.81% of rural patients from whom H. pylori was isolated were found to be extensive metabolizers, intermediate metabolizers, and poor metabolizers. No correlation was observed between antibiotic resistance profile of H. pylori and genetic polymorphism of CYP2C19 among rural population. There was a high prevalence of H. pylori strains resistant to metronidazole, clarithromycin, and levofloxacin in rural patients in Chongqing, China. The choice of therapy in this area should be based on local susceptibility patterns. Amoxicillin, gentamicin, and furazolidone are recommended as the first-line empiric regimen.

truxa antibiotic

Gram-positive organisms accounted for 124 of 154 (80.5%) culture-positive endophthalmitis isolates (146 of 229 [63.8%]). The sensitivity (0.36%) and specificity (0.71%) of AC culture results were poor predictors of positive vitreous culture. Positive and negative predictive values were less than 60%. Positive likelihood ratio (1.24) and negative likelihood (0.91) of AC culture results did not aid in predicting vitreous findings. Gram-positive isolates demonstrated in vitro resistance to moxifloxacin (47.1%), ciprofloxacin (43.4%), gatifloxacin (36.8%), levofloxacin (29.0%), gentamicin (19.2%), and ceftazidime (16.7%).

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A 39-year-old woman with diabetes mellitus type 2 and hyperlipidemia presented with difficulty ambulating as well as pain and swelling of her right foot. Prior to presentation, she sustained a toothpick puncture to her right foot; she removed the toothpick intact and did not know whether it had been used. Due to a penicillin allergy, she began treatment with levofloxacin, which was changed to clindamycin one day later. The patient was diagnosed with right Achilles tendonitis/cellulitis and was discharged on a one-week course of clindamycin. Twenty-five days later she was readmitted, complaining of pain and swelling in the same area, which this time presented as an abscess. Upon this admission, vancomycin and levofloxacin were initiated and incision and drainage (I & D) was performed. Cultures and sensitivities from I & D were significant for E. corrodens and A. odontolyticus, and treatment was changed to intravenous doxycycline 100 mg every 12 hours for 10 weeks. Oral doxycycline 100 mg every 12 hours was then used for 3 months, and treatment was successful.

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The decreased susceptibility (resistant and intermediate) observed was 40% for amoxicillin-clavulanate, 60% for piperacillin-tazobactam, 100% for ceftriaxone, 81% for imipenem, 61% for ertapenem, 2% for chloramphenicol, 34% for erythromycin, 90% for lincomycin, 2% for linezolid, 98% for levofloxacin, 17% for moxifloxacin and 0% for vancomycin, teicoplanin and metronidazole. The results obtained with the disk diffusion method were compared to MICs obtained with E-test and reference method.

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Endogenous endophthalmitis (EBE) is intraocular infection usually associated by bcteremia. Although, EBE is an uncommon disease, visually prognosis is very poor. Immune suppressive disease, such as diabetes or malignancy is a predisposing factor of EBE. Although, in east Asia, including Japan, gram negative organisms reported as common pathogen causing EBE, we here repot a case of group B streptococcus EBE. A 53- year old man, who has history of diabetes mellitus, was admitted to our hospital with compliant of sudden visual loss and pain at his right eye. His visual acuity was no hand perception in the right. In auscultation, there were coarse crackles at his left lung. Axial magnetic resonance imaging of eye showed exophthalmos of right eye and cellulites. Chest radiography revealed infiltration at the left middle lung field. EBE and pneumonia due to GBS were diagnosed and he was treated with intravenous cefotaxim. Despite of administration of antibiotics and vitreous surgery, deterioration of his visual activity was observed. Therefore antibiotics were changed to intravenous vancomicin and topical levofloxacin and amykacin were added also. But he finally lost his visual acuity of right eye.

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The PROTEKT US (Prospective Resistant Organism Tracking and Epidemiology for the Ketolide Telithromycin in the United States) surveillance programme was started in 2000, to chart the emergence and spread of antimicrobial resistance among isolates of Streptococcus pneumoniae, Streptococcus pyogenes and Haemophilus influenzae from across the USA.

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Long-term fluoroquinolone use to prevent unnecessary prostate biopsy may result in postbiopsy sepsis caused by fluoroquinolone resistant microorganisms.

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We studied an in vitro model of continuous venous-venous haemofiltration (CVVH), into which levofloxacin 100 mg was infused, to determine levofloxacin adsorption and to determine the effect of filter material and point of dilution (pre- or post-filter) on sieving coefficient. Mean (standard deviation; S.D.) adsorption was 18.7 (5.3) mg for the polyamide filter and 40.2 (2.0) mg for the polyacrylonitrile (PAN) filter (P < 0.001). Post-dilution resulted in a minor, but statistically significant, decrease in sieving coefficient (pre-dilution 0.96 (S.D. 0.10), post-dilution 0.88 (S.D. 0.11) with the PAN filter. These data indicate that the variability in published values for levofloxacin sieving coefficient are not due to variation in point of dilution or membrane type (PAN or polyamide). Significant adsorption of levofloxacin onto PAN filters occurs.

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Transperineal 14-core biopsy can be carried out without major infectious complications in diabetic men. Oral levofloxacin 300 mg once before the procedure seems to represent an effective antimicrobial prophylaxis in diabetic men without other risk of infection.

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The aims of this study were to determine the empirical antibiotic therapy used in patients admitted to the Emergency Department who were later hospitalised, and to describe the antibiotic changes during their first days of hospitalisation.

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Overall, 29.4, 22.5, 0.9, and 0.02% of S. pneumoniae isolates were resistant to erythromycin, penicillin, levofloxacin, and telithromycin, respectively, with considerable regional variability. Multidrug resistance was stable at approx. 31%. Among macrolide-resistant isolates, mef(A) was the most prevalent resistance gene identified; however, the percentage of isolates with this gene decreased from 68.8% (2000) to 63.9% (2003), while the prevalence of isolates containing both the erm(B) and mef(A) genes increased (2000, 9.7%; 2003, 16.4%). Over 90% of these erm(B)+mef(A)-positive isolates were also resistant to penicillin, tetracycline, or trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, while 98.6% were susceptible to levofloxacin and 99.1% were susceptible to telithromycin.

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Retrospective analysis of medical and microbiological records of patients with suspected diagnosis of endophthalmitis and bacterial culture-proven at the Department of Ophthalmology, UNIFESP, between January 1 2000 and December 31 2005.

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truxa levofloxacina 750 mg para que sirve 2016-04-02

The four plant coumarins Gm (1), Ar (2), Is (3) and Ph (4) were isolated and identified from Z. nitidum extracts. Coumarins 1-4 displayed promising inhibition against both MSSA and MRSA with minimal inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of 8-64µg/ml, but very weak against Gram-negative pathogen and yeast with MICs of 256 to ≥1024µg/ml. The geranyloxy and prenyloxy substitutions showed to be more active than the methoxy substitution on the coumarin skeletons. 1-4 also showing different extent of synergism with a total of eight conventional antibacterial agents, i.e. chloramphenicol (CL), gentamicin (CN), fosfomycin (FF), levofloxacin (LE), minocycline (MI), piperacillin/tazobactam (P/T), teicoplanin (TE) and vancomycin (VA) against ten clinical MRSA strains. Four to ten of the tested MRSA strains showed bacteriostatic synergy in the eleven combinations. The anti-MRSA modifying effects were related to different arrangement in the combinations with fractional inhibitory concentration indices (FICIs) from 0.187 to 1.125 and the three combinations CN Metronidazole Dental Infection (Is), CL (Ph) and MI (Gm) were the best ones. The enhancement of activity was also shown by 2-64 of dose reduction indices (DRIs) of the combined MICs, with VA (Ph) combination resulted the biggest DRI. The resistance of MRSA to antibacterial agents could be reversed in the combinations of CL (Gm or Ph), LE (Ph) and MI (Is) following the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI) criteria. Six combinations P/T (Gm), TE (Ar), CN (Is), VA (Ph) and CL (Gm or Ph) also showed bactericidal synergy with Δlog10CFU/ml >2 at 24h incubation.

truxa tab 500 mg 2017-04-14

This study included 146 consecutive patients who underwent gastroduodenal endoscopy in Kathmandu, Nepal. Among 42 isolated H. pylori, there was no resistance to amoxicillin and tetracycline. In contrast, similar with typical South Asian patterns; metronidazole resistance rate in Dosis Zibramax Tablet Nepalese strains were extremely high (88.1 %, 37/42). Clarithromycin resistance rate in Nepalese strains were modestly high (21.4 %, 9/42). Most of metronidazole resistant strains had highly distributed rdxA and frxA mutations, but were relative coincidence without a synergistic effect to increase the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC). Among strains with the high MIC, 63.6 % (7/11) were associated with frameshift mutation at position 18 of frxA with or without rdxA involvement. However, based on next generation sequencing data we found that one strain with the highest MIC value had a novel mutation in the form of amino acid substituted at Ala-212, Gln-382, Ile-485 of dppA and Leu-145, Thr-168, Glu-117, Val-121, Arg-221 in dapF aside from missense mutations in full-length rdxA. Mutations at Asn-87 and/or Asp-91 of the gyrA were predominantly in levofloxacin-resistant strains. The gyrB mutation had steady relationship with the gyrA 87-91 mutations. Although three (44.4 %) and two (22.2 %) of clarithromycin resistant strains had point mutation on A2143G and A2146G, we confirmed the involvement of rpl22 and infB in high MIC strains without an 23SrRNA mutation.

truxa comprimidos de 500 mg 2015-08-06

The widespread use of the fluoroquinolones has raised the question of the cardiac safety of these medications. This widespread use of this class of antibiotics has displayed their safety profile, which is actually more favorable than many other drug classes. The cardiac toxicity issue at the center of this discussion is the prolongation of the QT interval leading to torsade de pointes. Ciprofloxacin and levofloxacin, two of the more commonly used fluoroquinolones, are considered less likely than other fluoroquinolones to prolong the QT interval. The authors set out to evaluate the effect on the QT interval of patients after administration of Cefixime Trihydrate Tablets Uses ciprofloxacin and levofloxacin.

truxa 250 mg 2017-04-09

Mycoplasma hominis is a common inhabitant of the human urogenital tract and most frequently causes diseases of the genitourinary tract. Extragenital M. hominis infections are uncommon, with almost all occurring in immunosuppressed persons or those predisposed due to surgery or trauma. We report a case of non surgical, non-traumatic wound infection caused by M. hominis. A 28-year-old immunocompetent woman with livedo vasculopathy had an open wound on dorsum of her right foot with signs and symptoms of infection. However, gram staining of the wound swab demonstrated no microorganisms, and initial bacterial cultures did not reveal any microbial growth. After 2 days of culture, minute translucent colonies were appeared and subsequently identified as M. hominis. She was successfully treated with levofloxacin(LVFX). For the patient's being immune-competent, this infection seems to Sulfa Drug Allergic Reaction Symptoms need a substantial bacterial transfer from the inhabitant organ. The transfer is likely mediated by the fluid's drop, for anatomical locations of vagina and the infection site on leg. Namely, the hinder leg infection is suspected to be caused by continual and heavy bacterial exposure originated from the vaginal M. hominis. This clinical case suggests that infections may occur even in normal immunological status if the site is close to, and lacks anatomical barrier from, the M. hominis inhabitant organ. Especially in infection at chronic refractory lower leg ulceraion, M. hominis should be considered as a causative organism.

truxa 750 mg 2017-06-25

During the 6 years from May 1995, Chlamydia antibody titers were measured in nonpregnant and pregnant women. In positive patients, changes of the antibody titer during treatment as well as the transplacental passage of antibodies into cord blood were investigated. 1) Chlamydia antibody-positive patients (n = 45) received the following therapy and changes of the IgA and IgG antibody titers during treatment were investigated: Levofloxacin alone at 300 mg/day for 14 days (n = 29), additional clarithromycin at 400 mg/day for 14 days (n = 10), additional azithromycin at 500 mg/day for 3 days (n = 3), clarithromycin alone at 400 mg/day for 14 days (n = 3). These patients were classified into four groups depending on either they were positive for both IgA and IgG (groups A-C Clamentin 1000 Mg During Pregnancy ) or were only positive for IgA or IgG (group D). Clearance of antibodies over time tended to be faster for IgA than IgG, but 25/38 (65.8%) showed negative for both antibodies after 6 years. 2) Antibody-positive women who were about 16 weeks pregnant (n = 61) were treated with clarithromycin (400 mg/day for 14 days) and the cord blood antibody titer was measured at the term of delivery. Cord blood IgA was not detected and IgG was strongly correlated with the maternal blood level (r = 0.945).

truxa 500 mg vademecum 2015-07-30

Seven-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV7) provides protection against invasive pneumococcal disease that extends to unvaccinated Ic Cephalexin Alcohol populations, such as elderly or immunocompromised adults. PCV7 also reduces incidence of pneumococcal penicillin resistance. In this study, the potential impact of PCV7 on pneumococcal fluoroquinolone resistance was examined.

truxa medicine 2016-10-18

Several aspects of the reported cases support the validity of a proposed drug interaction when tolterodine is initiated in a patient stabilized on warfarin therapy. The temporal association of the course Denvar Antibiotic of tolterodine with an elevated INR, the return to the previous warfarin dose-INR response relationship after tolterodine discontinuation, and the absence of other causes for the elevated INR were factors found in both patients. Possible mechanisms to explain the suggested drug interaction are explored.

truxa 750 mg efectos secundarios 2017-05-30

From October to December 2010, ertapenem-resistant Enterobacter cloacae were identified from urine cultures of 15 patients who had undergone ureteroscopy prior to the infection. Three batches of surveillance cultures were obtained from the environmental objects and healthcare workers Clonamox Dosage related to the procedures. Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) was used for bacterial typing. Antimicrobial susceptibility was assessed by disc diffusion and E-test methods. Polymerase chain reaction and sequencing were used to analyse β-lactamase genes.

truxa tab 2015-12-12

Our data showed good tissue penetration of levofloxacin in diabetic foot ulcers. In combination with adequate surgical debridement, levofloxacin seems well suited to the treatment of skin structure Curam 1000mg Antibiotics infections of diabetics caused by susceptible organisms.

truxa de 750 mg 2015-01-16

Fluoroquinolone-resistance in Pseudomonas aeruginosa may be due to efflux pump overexpression (EPO) and/or target mutations. EPO can result in multidrug resistance (MDR) due to broad substrate Binozyt 500 Mg Adalah specificity of the pumps. MC-04,124, an efflux pump inhibitor (EPI) shown to significantly potentiate activity of levofloxacin in P. aeruginosa, was used to examine the prevalence of EPO in clinical isolates. MICs were determined for ciprofloxacin, levofloxacin, moxifloxacin, and gatifloxacin with or without EPI and for other antipseudomonal agents by using broth microdilution against P. aeruginosa isolates from adults (n = 119) and children (n = 24). The prevalence of the EPO phenotype (>/=8-fold MIC decrease when tested with EPI) was compared among subgroups with different resistance profiles. The EPO phenotype was more prevalent among levofloxacin-resistant than levofloxacin-sensitive strains (61%, 48/79 versus 9%, 6/64). EPO was present in 60% of fluoroquinolone-resistant strains without cross-resistance, while it was present at variable frequencies among strains with cross-resistance to other agents: piperacillin-tazobactam (86%), ceftazidime (76%), cefepime (65%), imipenem (56%), gentamicin (55%), tobramycin (48%), and amikacin (27%). The magnitude of MIC decrease with an EPI paralleled the frequency of which the EPO phenotype was observed in different subgroups. EPI reduced the levofloxacin MIC by as much as 16-fold in eight strains for which MICs were 128 microg/ml. Efflux-mediated resistance appears to contribute significantly to fluoroquinolone resistance and MDR in P. aeruginosa. Our data support the fact that increased fluoroquinolone usage can negatively impact susceptibility of P. aeruginosa to multiple classes of antipseudomonal agents.