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Under day-to-day doctor's office conditions, Podomexef 200 film tablets are both effective and well tolerated in the treatment of bacterial infections of the airways and ENT infections.
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We compared the effects of nifedipine and diltiazem on the uptake of cefpodoxime proxetil (CP). The study was aimed at establishing the impact of increased mesenteric blood flow due to calcium channel blockers on passive transport. Twelve volunteers were given CP (200 mg) orally in a crossover design. The absorption, disposition, and elimination parameters of cefpodoxime were compared among the following three treatment groups: CP alone, CP following oral administration of diltiazem (60 mg), or CP following oral administration of nifedipine (20 mg). No statistically significant difference in pharmacokinetic parameters was observed between the three treatment groups.
Pathogenic bacteria were isolated from 90% of patients with acute otitis media. This higher-than-expected rate of positive cultures was probably related to the meticulous bacteriologic techniques used.
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clinicaltrials.gov Identifier: NCT00194532.
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The 10-day regimen resulted in a higher success rate at the conclusion of therapy, but there were no differences between the two study groups 4 to 6 weeks after enrollment in the study protocol.
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The blood levels of cefpodoxime of 16 hemodialysis patients were monitored after a single oral of Cefpodoxime proxetil with a Cefpodixime-equivalent of 200 mg dose. Eight patients were on dialysis during the period of observation, while the other eight patients were observed during a non-dialysis period. During hemodialysis the cefpodoxime levels were determined before and after the capillary dialyzer. It became apparent that hemodialysis patients have considerably higher and longer-lasting concentrations than patients with normal kidney function. The area under the curve is about seven times greater. Cefpodoxime is thus apparently eliminated to a great extent renally. The concentration levels before capillary dialyzer are noticeably higher than those after capillary dialyzer, so that it can be assumed that cefpodoxime is being dialyzed: the area under the curve of the eight patients observed during hemodialysis was about 50% less than that of the patients observed while not on hemodialysis. Based on the pharmacokinetic data gathered, simulations of the course of concentration were made which took into consideration the clinical circumstances (normal period of dosage administration and dialysis). According to these simulations one can recommend a loading dose of 200 mg and thereafter a dose of 100 mg 12 h later followed by 100 mg every 24 h. This will result in an average concentration of 2 mg/l and never falling below 1.5 mg/l. With this schedule all bacteria considered to be sensitive can be reached. Cefpodoxime proxetil thereby ensures a simple and effective therapy of bacterial infections in hemodialysis patients.
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In Japan, oral antimicrobial agents are prophylactically used with oxytocics after normal delivery to prevent puerperal infections. The present study was designed to investigate bacterial floras in the endometrial cavity immediately after normal delivery and the effect of prophylactic use of anti-microbial agents on those floras. Sixty-six puerperae who underwent uneventful courses of pregnancy and delivery were subjected for this study. Intrauterine contents were collected on the first day and the fifth day of the puerperium and submitted to microbiological examinations. Cefpodoxime proxetil (CPDX-PR) was orally given to the puerperae for prophylaxis for 5 days after the initial sampling. On the puerperal first day, a total of 98 strains (71 strains of aerobic bacteria, 27 strains of anaerobic bacteria) was detected in the uteri of the 66 subjects. The incidences of aerobic Gram-positive cocci, aerobic Gram-negative bacilli and anaerobic bacteria were 59.2%, 12.2%, 27.6% of the 98 strains, respectively. On the puerperal fifth day, a total of 82 strains (51 strains of aerobic bacteria and 31 strains of anaerobic bacteria) were detected in the uteri of the 66 subjects. The incidences of aerobic Gram-positive cocci, aerobic Gram-negative bacilli and anaerobic bacteria were 52.5%, 8.6% and 37.7% of 82 strains, respectively.
These findings suggest that cefpodoxime proxetil administered once daily is as effective and safe as cefixime given once daily in the treatment of acute suppurative otitis media in pediatric patients.
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In this study, a 5-day course of cefpodoxime-proxetil at 200 mg bid was as clinically effective as amoxicillin-clavulanic acid 1 g/125 mg bid for 8 days with a significantly better safety profile and compliance.
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The effect of a high-fat meal and the timing of this meal on the absorption of a 400-mg oral dose of cefpodoxime proxetil was evaluated in 20 healthy, adult, male volunteers in a four-way crossover study. The area under the plasma concentration-time curve, peak plasma concentration, and urinary recovery were significantly greater (P = .0001) after administration of cefpodoxime proxetil tablets with and 2 hours after a meal relative to dosing under fasted conditions or 1 hour before a meal. The time to peak concentration did not differ significantly among treatments, which suggests that food did not affect the rate of drug absorption. These results indicate that absorption of cefpodoxime proxetil is enhanced when tablets are taken with food or shortly after a meal.