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Mycetomas are localized chronic inflammatory infectious diseases involving subcutaneous tissues, skin and bones. We report a case of mycetoma in a 40-year-old farmer from the north of Senegal. The clinical appearance of the lesions suggested primarily the diagnosis of a soft tissue malignant tumor. Mycetoma diagnosis was confirmed by histopathologic evidences and growth of Actinomadura pelletieri in cultured samples. The evolution was good under a triple antibiotic therapy combining cotrimoxazole, amoxicillin-clavulanic acid and streptomycin for 12 months.
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No study allowed to recommend other regimens than those previously recommended in 1996, in case of meningococcal or pneumococcal infection: 3rd generation cephalosporin or amoxicillin, combined with vancomycin in case of penicillin-intermediate or resistant pneumococcus. In some cases, alternatives are possible, in case of pneumococcal infection: meropenem or antipneumococcal fluoroquinolone were recommended by US guidelines. New antibiotics available on the market were tested using experimental pneumococcal meningitis models: daptomycin and ertapenem seemed to be useful but linezolid was not. Among the antibiotic combinations tested, ceftriaxone+rifampicine demonstrated a better efficacy than ceftriaxone+vancomycin. There was not contributive published data on the length of treatment for bacterial meningitis.
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This study aimed to evaluate the behavior of the physicians who attend to patients with community infections who are responsible for most of the antibiotic prescriptions made in the community setting. Furthermore, the evolution over the last 10 years in regards to the treatment habits of the most frequent infections in Primary Health Care (PHC) was studied and prescription behaviors were analyzed in relationship to the acquaintance and attitude of the participating physicians. A data collection sheet from 1,411 prescriptions made by 855 physicians from different specialties was used to conduct the study. This represents a statistically significant sample nationwide both from the point of view of the physicians involved in the treatment of infectious diseases in PHC as well as regarding to the prescriptions they have written. The study reveals the amplitude of respiratory and pararespiratory disease with oral antimicrobial agents, particularly beta-lactamics, and the significant advance in the last 10 years in the use of amoxicillin and clavulanic acid as treatment of choice. Treatment duration was somewhat longer while the number of containers prescribed was less than in the previous study. This would be related to the use of more spaced doses of the antimicrobial agents. Furthermore, the study reveals some discrepancies between attitudes and events of the physicians in the approach to certain diagnoses. Key words: Behavior. Primary care physicians. Prescription. Antimicrobials agents.
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One hundred eighty-seven patients infected with clarithromycin-sensitive strains of H. pylori were treated with PPI, clarithromycin 200 mg bid and amoxicillin 750 mg bid, 500 mg tid or 500 mg qid for 1 week and 125 infected with clarithromycin-resistant strains were treated with PPI, metronidazole 250 mg bid and amoxicillin 750 mg bid, 500 mg tid or 500 mg qid for 1 week.
To identify sociodemographic, knowledge and attitudinal correlates to antibiotic sharing among a community-based sample of adults (age 18 and older) in a low-income setting of the Philippines and to explore community-level data on informal antibiotic distribution in roadside stands (i.e., sari-sari stands).
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Structured postal questionnaire
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Antimicrobial susceptibility of 41 screened isolates was tested with disc diffusion and E-test methods after species-level identification. Resistant strains were selected and examined for the presence of resistance genes by PCR.
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To determine which medications are most commonly used by women in the first trimester of pregnancy and identify the critical gaps in information about fetal risk for those medications.
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This was a multicenter, open-label, pilot study enrolling consecutive non-ulcer dyspepsia patients with H. pylori infection never previously treated for the infection. Patients were randomized to receive one of the following treatments: (a) concomitant therapy: omeprazole 20mg, amoxicillin 1g, clarithromycin 500 mg, and tinidazole 500 mg for 5 days; (b) sequential therapy: omeprazole 20mg and amoxicillin 1g for 5 days followed by omeprazole 20mg, clarithromycin 500 mg, and tinidazole 500 mg for 5 days; (c) hybrid therapy: omeprazole 20mg, and amoxicillin 1g for 7 days followed by omeprazole 20mg, amoxicillin 1g, clarithromycin 500 mg, and tinidazole 500 mg, for 7 days. All drugs were administered twice daily. Bacterial eradication was checked 6 weeks after treatment by using a (13)C-urea breath test. A 10-day, second-line therapy with omeprazole 20mg, levofloxacin 250 mg, and amoxicillin 1g, all given twice daily, was offered to the eradication failure patients.
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Bacterial resistance to antimicrobial agents is of great concern to clinicians. Patient outcome after infection is mainly dependent on the sensitivity of the bacterium to the agent used. We retrospectively studied 89 postoperative intensive care unit (ICU) patients with proven Escherichia coli peritonitis and investigated the clinical consequences of the E. coli resistance to amoxicillin/clavulanate. Significantly increased mortality, days of ventilation and ICU stay were noted in the co-amoxicillin/clavulanate resistant group. Furthermore, our results demonstrate that the sensitivity of E. coli to amoxicillin/clavulanate in the postoperative ICU setting has decreased in recent years. We can conclude that the current antibiotic regimen for the empirical treatment of ICU patients with peritonitis, as used in our hospital, needs to be changed. A switch, for instance, to ceftriaxone (Rocephin) in combination with metronidazole and gentamicin, instead of the present regimen of amoxicillin/clavulanate in combination with gentamicin, seems preferable.
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To describe the distribution of vaccine and non-vaccine pneumococcal serotypes from adult patients for different clinical scenarios, after the introduction of the 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV-13) for children.