zinacef and breastfeeding
Cefdinir is an oral cephalosporin approved by the US Food and Drug Administration in 1997 for the treatment of community-acquired (CA) respiratory tract and uncomplicated skin and soft tissue infections. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the in vitro activity of cefdinir against recent clinical isolates collected from CA-urinary tract infections (UTIs), a possible expanded indication. A total of 456 isolates from CA-UTI were collected from medical centres in North America (NA; United States and Canada) in 2003 and susceptibility tested by NCCLS reference broth microdilution methods. Cefdinir and cefpodoxime were the most active compounds tested against Escherichia coli (98.7% susceptibility), followed by nitrofurantoin (97.0%) and ciprofloxacin (95.0%). Cefdinir was 8- to 16-fold more potent than cefuroxime axetil and cefprozil against E. coli, Klebsiella spp. and Staphylococcus saprophyticus. The activity of cefdinir was most similar to that of cefpodoxime against E. coli and Klebsiella spp., but cefpodoxime showed inferior activity against S. saprophyticus. The cefdinir spectrum was significant superior (+3.8 to 16.5%) to that of trimethoprim/sulphamethoxazole against all pathogens evaluated. The cefdinir spectrum and potency were comparable or superior to other orally administered beta-lactams tested against recent (2003) clinical isolates from CA-UTI.
zinacef oral dose
To compare the efficacy and tolerability of ceftriaxone plus azithromycin with those of levofloxacin in the treatment of hospitalized patients with moderate to severe community-acquired pneumonia (CAP).
zinacef dose in pediatrics
Studies were performed using three cefuroxime axetil solutions (11.8, 118 and 200 microM) in three selected intestinal segments and one cefuroxime axetil solution (118 microM) in colon of anaesthetized rats. First-order absorption rate pseudoconstants, k(ap) and effective permeability coefficients, P(eff), were calculated in each set. Absorption of cefuroxime axetil can apparently be described as a carrier-mediated transport, which obeys Michaelis-Menten and first order kinetics in the proximal segment of the small intestine and a passive diffusion mechanism in the mean and distal segments. The absorption kinetic parameters for cefuroxime axetil were obtained: Vm=0.613 (0.440) microM min-1; Km=31.49(28.31) microM and ka=0.011(0.003) min-1. Parameters characterizing degradation of the prodrug were obtained in each intestinal segment: proximal segment k(dp)=0.0049(0.0003) min-1, mean segment, k(dm)=0.0131(0.0007) min-1 and distal segment k(dd)=0.019(0.0009) min-1. Therefore, in situ intestinal absorption of cefuroxime axetil in the proximal segment of the rat in the presence of variable concentrations of cefadroxil has been investigated in order to examine the inhibitory effect of cefadroxil on cefuroxime axetil transport. The data suggest that cefadroxil and cefuroxime axetil share the same intestinal carrier.
zinacef 500 mg
This article presents the preparation of nanoparticles of amorphous cefuroxime axetil (CFA) in a microporous tube-in-tube microchannel reactor (MTMCR). The experimental results indicated that CFA particle with a tunable size of 400-1400 nm could be achieved under a high throughput in the range of 1.5-6L/min. The average particle size decreased with increasing overall volumetric flow rate and decreasing CFA concentration, micropore size, and annular channel width. The produced CFA nanoparticles were characterized by SEM, XRD, FT-IR, DSC and a dissolution test, which indicated that the nanosized CFA was amorphous and exhibited higher dissolution rate compared to the raw CFA. The MTMCR might offer a general and facile pathway for mass production of the nanoparticles of hydrophobic pharmaceuticals thanks to its high throughput capacity and excellent micromixing performance.
Cefuroxime axetil is a broad spectrum antibacterial agent with a pharmacokinetic profile that permits convenient twice-daily administration. The drug is an effective and well tolerated treatment in patients with various infections, including otitis media, pharyngitis, sinusitis, CAP and acute exacerbations of chronic bronchitis. Cefuroxime axetil proved effective as a component of intravenous/oral sequential therapy in the treatment of CAP, although there are currently no dosage recommendations available for this regimen in some countries. Cefuroxime axetil may be considered as an empirical therapy for a range of community-acquired infections, including those in which beta-lactamase-producing strains of common respiratory pathogens are identified as the causative organisms. In an era of rapidly emerging bacterial resistance, empirical treatment with bacterial agents, potentially preventing the emergence of bacterial resistance to agents such as cefuroxime axetil may ensure the appropriate use of newer antibacterial agents, potentially preventing the emergence of bacterial resistance to these newer drugs.
zinacef dose oral
The study was an open, randomized, 2-period, 2-sequence, 2-treatment crossover, involving 24 healthy male and female volunteers. All volunteers completed the study. Cefuroxime axetil plasma concentrations were measured utilizing a sensitive, reproducible and accurate HPLC method. Care was taken through the collection and analysis of the samples due to instability of cefuroxime axetil in light. Pharmacokinetic parameters used to assess bioequivalence were AUC(0-last), AUC(0-inf) for the extent of absorption and Cmax and tmax for the rate of absorption. Statistical evaluation of Cmax, AUC(0-last), and AUC(0-inf) was done using 2-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) after semilogarithmic transformation. Tmax values were tested using the distribution-free Hodges-Lehman interval.
zinacef 750 mg price in pakistan
This pilot study suggests that ciprofloxacin is efficacious in the management of acute bacterial sinusitis.
zinacef and alcohol
The objective of this investigation was to develop the cefuroxime axetil sustained-release floating tablets to prolong the gastric residence time and compare their pharmacokinetic behavior with marketed conventional tablets (Zocef). The floating tablets were developed using polymers like HPMC K4M and HPMC K100M alone, and polymer combination of HPMC K4M and Polyox WSR 303 by effervescent technique. Tablets were prepared by slugging method and evaluated for their physical characteristics, in vitro drug release, and buoyancy lag time. The best formulation (F10) was selected based on in vitro characteristics and used in vivo radiographic and bioavailability studies in healthy human volunteers. All the formulations could sustain drug release for 12 h. The dissolution profiles were subjected to various kinetic release models and it was found that the mechanism of drug release followed Peppas model. The in vivo radiographic studies revealed that the tablets remained in stomach for 225 ± 30 min. Based on in vivo performance, the developed floating tablets showed superior bioavailability than Zocef tablet. Based on in vivo performance significant difference was observed between Cmax, tmax, t1/2, AUC0-∞, and mean residence time of test and reference (p<0.05). The increase in relative bioavailability of test was 1.61 fold when compared to reference.
zinacef and penicillin allergy
Increasing resistance among the key pathogens responsible for community-acquired respiratory tract infections, namely Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae and Moraxella catarrhalis, has the potential to limit the effectiveness of the antibacterial agents available to treat these infections. Moreover, there are regional differences in the susceptibility patterns observed and, as treatment is usually empirical, choosing an effective treatment can be challenging. Telithromycin, the first ketolide to be approved for clinical use, offers an activity profile that covers the key respiratory pathogens including penicillin- and macrolide-resistant S. pneumoniae as well as beta-lactamase-producing H. influenzae and M. catarrhalis. In a pooled analysis of three large controlled clinical trials involving patients with acute maxillary sinusitis, the bacteriological efficacy of 5- or 10-day treatment with telithromycin and 10-day treatment with comparators was evaluated. Telithromycin administered as a once-daily 800 mg dose for 5 days achieved eradication rates of 91.8, 87.5 and 92.9% for S. pneumoniae, H. influenzae and M. catarrhalis, respectively. Bacteriological eradication of 8/10 and 12/14 isolates of S. pneumoniae resistant to penicillin and erythromycin, respectively, was also reported following 5-day treatment with telithromycin. The clinical efficacy of this regimen was equivalent to that of a 10-day regimen of telithromycin or standard 10-day courses of amoxicillin-clavulanic acid or cefuroxime axetil. Telithromycin 800mg given for 5 days was well tolerated, with the majority of adverse events being of mild or moderate intensity. These data suggest that telithromycin provides effective first-line therapy for use in patients with acute maxillary sinusitis in a short and convenient once-daily dosage regimen.
zinacef max dose
Treatment with CAE given twice daily for 5 days is equivalent to treatment for 10 days either with the same regimen of CAE or with AMX/CL given three times daily in pediatric patients with acute otitis media.
zinacef penicillin allergy
Healthy native snakes were captured and kept in a designated centre. Snake species were identified by experienced herpetologists. Mouth swabs were taken by the veterinarian using strict aseptic techniques. The snakes were released back to the wild immediately after the above procedure. Swabs were sent for microbiological studies of bacterial culture and antibiotic sensitivity.